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roman colosseum prezi
Transcript of roman colosseum prezi
by: Ally, Arif, and Pavneet
The Roman Colosseum
Gladiators were usually slaves, criminals, or prisoners of war.
Entertainment in the colosseum consisted of gladitorial fights, animal fights, and even naval battles. Sometimes between battles, there were performances by singers, dancers, or even a small play.
One of the first naval battles took
place in 46 BC, But they were a rare
event because it damaged the
colosseum's structure and foundation
Emperors used the colosseum to show off their power and wealth. They also used them to support their popularity
3. All ancient Romans had free entry to the Colosseum for events and were also fed during the show.
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1. It is thought that 500,000 people lost there lives and over one million animals were killed during beast games vs. Colosseum hosted people.
2. The last gladiatorial took place in 435 AD.
4. Festivals as well as games could last up to 100 days in the Colosseum.
5. The Ancient Romans would sometimes flood the Colosseum and have miniature ship naval battles inside as a way of entertainment.
6. The Colosseum used over 60,000 jewish slaves to build it.
7. Many natural disasters devastated the structure of the Colosseum bit it was the earthquakes of 847 AD and 1231 AD that caused most of the damage you see today.
8. The original name of the Colosseum was Flavian Amphitheatre after the Flavian Dynasty of Emperors.
9. Rome's most popular monument The Colosseum was built for three reasons: As a gift to Roman citizens from the Flavian Dynasty to increase their popularity, to stage various forms of entertainment and to showcase Roman engineering techniques to the world.
The Favius Amphitheatre is the biggest most imposing in the Roman world
The colosseum is the most famous monument in Rome
In 2007 the Colosseum was included in the 7 new wonders of the world
The Colosseum today is a major tourist attraction in Rome, with thousands of tourists each year paying to view the interior arena.
There is now a museum dedicated to Eros on the upper floor (outer wall) of the building.
Gladiators were usually clad in armour and clothing resembling barbarians that were conquered by the Romans
Part of the Colosseum floor was re-floored due to natural disasters
The Roman Colosseum is also the site of Roman Catholic Ceremonies.
The Colosseum could fit 70,000 people. 60,000 sitting and 10,000 standing
Depending on their physique
gladiators were given a fighting style and trained with the relevant weapons and armour.
The Roman Colosseum was a huge project - an oval that measured 156 by 189 meters, 48 meters tall, and with a circumference of 527 meters. It was also built with 100,000 cubic meters of travertine stone.
Different types of gladiators wore different armour.
Some different types of gladiators are seen below.
A big circular piazza surrounded the Colosseum for easy access to facade, and the 80 entrance arches.
The north, south, east and west major entrances were forbidden to the public - the east and west main entrances were for direct access to the arena, and the north and south entrances were for special reserved seating boxes.
The Colosseum had seating for about 50,000 people; 5,000 for standing, and the rest for sitting. The seating was broken up int system like this:
at the north and south entrances, there were 2 special seating boxes, the south box was reserved for the empress, and her female crew, and the north was for the emperor and his male crew.
the first row was for powerful and important people only.
the next tier, called ima cavea, was for noble people, and knights.
the next block was for the regular roman citizens, called media cavea.
after them it was the summa cavea, for all the slaves, poor, and foreigners.
the very last tier was for women.
Under the arena's 86 by 54 meter wooden floor was a complex maze of tunnels, passageways, and cells for gladiators and animals; it was called the hypogeum.
There was a system of lifts
and pulleys that brought gladiators, and animals to the arena via trap doors.
Lots of animals were fought in the arena. Some of the animals included lions, wolves, hippos, giraffes, and deer. So many animals were slain in the colosseum, that some species almost went extinct.
The project took 12 years to complete, spanning from ad 70, to ad 82. it was started by the emperor Vespasian in 70, and was completed under the reign of Titus in 80. It was then improved by Domitian between 80 and 82.
The Colosseum was faced with three levels of 80 arches each, and each with different styles of columns in them. They also contained large statues inside the arches.
On the fourth level there
was the attic level, with small little windows for light. Sometimes they put in tall masts on top of the attic level, from which they hung a large canopy over the Colosseum for shade.