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Northwest Coast People

A presentation/school project about the Northwest Coast People.
by

Alec Sampaleanu

on 9 May 2011

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Transcript of Northwest Coast People

Dignity potlatches were celebrated to regain some dignity of the person. In the Northwest Coast, it was considered that a person would lose all dignity if he or she was laughed at. Therefore, Dignity Potlatches were held so that the person would regain some dignity.
The Northwest Coast People lived in a diverse area with beaches and mountains that Donned Ice caps all year 'round
Social
They lived from lower Alaska to all the way to Northwestern California
The Northwest Coast People
List of Tribes and Groups in the Northwest Coast Area
Tlingit
Haida
Makah
Chinook
Quileute
Nisga'a
Tsetsaut
Tsimshian
Gitxsam
Haisla
Heiltsuk
Coast Salish
Kwakwaka'wakw
Nuu-chah-nulth
Chimakum
Clothing of the Northwest Coast People
Men
Men often went naked in the warmer months as the peoples wore very little clothing
Women
Women wore bark skirts in the warmer months, also because the people wore very little clothing.
The main purpose of the clothing was to block out rain rather than keep the people warm as it rained often at the coast.
The people wore capes of bark and hats of spruce to avoid the rain.
The women made clothing out of wool, leather from animals, softened wood, and bark.
The people of the Northwest Coast rarely wore shoes.
The Nisga and the Tsimsian people wove Chilkat blankets made of goat wool and cedar bark. However, only high ranking people could use them.
Used woodworking to build

Containers
Houses
Canoes
Trinkets
Totems
They cut stone for

Hunting knives
Chisels
Drills
Mauls
Wedges
Sledgehammers
The Northwestern Coast Peoples have lived in the same area for what archaeologists believe to be as far back as 9000 B.C.
The Tools of the Northwest
Coast Peoples
The Northwestern Coast Peoples
Climate and Surroundings
The Makah and Nootkah people built fishing
boats up to 60 ft long and painted elaborate designs
on them
The Northwest Coast People believed that they were constantly surrounded by supernatural beings, influencing our natural world.
The spirits were connected to every living thing however, the only link from the spirit to the real world was through Shamans or Medicine People.
The peoples had stories about why things existed such as seasons. They passed their culture and stories down orally.
Northwest Coast
Shelter
The Northwest Coast People lived in
plank houses. These houses were made
of cedar planks, which were sacred to
the Native Canadians of this area. They
merely selected a few branches to make
planks, and left the tree alive. When a
tree died, they always replanted it.
The Shaman's purpose was to cure the sick, influence the weather, and make sure they had enough food. They believed they had the power to do that since they believed that they were the connections between the real and spirit world.
The Ceremonies
The Northwest Coast People had potlatches which were celebrations that sometimes took over a year to plan. It was a celebration that usually corresponded with a rite of passage such as coming of age and marriage.
It usually incorporated a feast, dancing, and singing. Some lasted 2 or 3 weeks.
Potlatches became a way for families to show off their wealth. Each person invited was given a gift corresponding to his or her social status. Some gifts were slaves, canoes, oil, and dishes.
The houses were made in a
rectangular shape, generally
46'x32', and 11 feet high, not
including the slanting roof.
About 4 families shared one
house. They each had a small
fire for warmth, but shared
one fire for cooking.
Winter Dances
The Northwest Coast Religion
Winter dances were performances with masked people that created illusions of death and connections with the supernatural.
The People of the Northwest coast got around using the native Cedar tree to make canoes
The structural integrety of their canoes was so high they could carry up to 10,000 pounds of cargo such as fish
The People of the Northwest Coast used and sold oil they got from a fish called a Eulachon
The map of where they lived.
to hunt they used:

snare
bows and arrows
deadfalls
harpoons
fishlines
hooks
nets
underwater trap
By:
Alec, Matthew, and
Chelsea

When in war they used




intricately designed knives.
Northwest Coast
Food
Since the northwest is has very mild
weather, farming is not a viable food
source. The natives of this area instead
gathered food in a variety of ways, like
hunting deer, moose, bear, and whales
and seals, along with an ambudance of
fish and shellfish. Various bulbs and
roots topped up the diet.
The Northwest Coast was mountainous. It included Mariner Mountain.
Another physical feature in the Northwest Coast is it's rivers and oceans like this body of water in between Vancouver and B.C.
Northwest Coast Arts
Mariner Mountain
The people of the Northwest coast inhabited both the western part of B.C. and Vancouver Island
The Northwest Coast people were notorious for their towering elaborate totem poles, so often seen in the coastal regions. They also carved many other things such as masks, which they use in performances such as the Winter Dances.
There are tons of other Mountains including Mount Assiniboine
There are many differnet bodies of water including:
The Emerald River
Little Yoho River
Amiskwi River
Wood River
Elk River
The northwest coastal people developed dances and ceremonies such as the medicine dances. They often danced with masks on. They mainly re-enacted different events.
The Northwest Coast people also made music. To make music, they used instruments such as drums, clappers, rattles, and whistles. The music was often accompanied by singing and dancing.
Conclusion
Living in the Northwest Coast
was very easy, compared to
other places at the same time.
They were artsy, religous, and
sophisticated.
Full transcript