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Work- Life Balance

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by

Elizabeth Bouphavan

on 17 March 2015

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Transcript of Work- Life Balance


Examining Work Life Balance Between Men and Women With Children in Higher Education. Viewing Both Sides.

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Professors obtain tenure after a period for completely working on probation for that particular university.
Professors who receive tenure can only be dismissed if there is evidence of misconduct done by the professor.
What is Tenure?
What are you balancing?

Goal: Understand the complicated nature of managing work and personal life for individuals

Group Activity
Everyone struggles

However, women with children have more of a difficult time
What Research Shows:
Male Work Life Balance
What is Required to Get Tenure?
Education
Years of Faculty Experience as a full time tenure track professor
Competency teaching
Academic Activity
Professional and University service
Visibility in the Discipline
Tenure Process
Either the applicant or their dean can appoint them for tenure
Application needs to be filled out and needs to meet all of the qualifications
Department needs to create committee
Committee needs to review applicants portfolio
Primary Hearing in which department share creates a narrative regarding the portfolio
Committee responds to narrative
Dean reviews portfolio
Candidate can add to portfolio
President will notify those who have received tenure
Sacrifices Women Make in Academia
Stopped tenure clock
Unmarried
Childless
Lower rates of family formation
Higher divorce
Change of career plans
Female Faculty: Challenges
Advancement opportunities influenced by biased factors
Effective planning
Becoming tenure
Anticipate care-giving related emergencies
Research productivity
How Professors Spend their Week?
What are Men Willing to Give Up to Achieve Work-Life Balance?
Male Paternity Leave
Factors Affecting Male
Work and Life Balance
Gender Stereotypes
Still have gender role stereotypes from years ago

Policies and programs exist to help parents balance their home and work demands
The underlying expectation is that such policies are meant to be used by women

For fathers, putting family first can carry a stigma

The Case of Tenure Track:
Tenure Ladder
2008 Survey of Doctorate Recipients
are 7% less likely to obtain tenure-track professorships in comparison with


Women with are 16% less likely to get a tenure- track compared to a comparable male.

The Glass Ceiling
Term used to describe the unseen, yet unbreachable barrier that keeps certain groups from rising to the upper rungs of the corporate ladder, regardless of their qualifications or achievements.
Research
Faculty
Non Research
Faculty
The Glass Ceiling
In Academia
The amount of time spent on research plays a huge role in whether or not faculty members gets promoted.
University of California Study
Marriage by itself did not appear to pose a hardship to women’s academic careers once they already have tenure- track jobs.
Story changes when children arrive.
Female faculty with children devote fewer hours to their jobs than do childless women and/or male faculty.


However,
Professional Hours Loss in 1 Year
Compared to men, women with kids lose a total of 156 hours in one academic year
Men struggle in a different way compared to women
Rankings in the Academic Field
Instructor
Assistant Professor
Associate Professor
Professor
Instructor
Minimum of a Master's degree is required
Staff memento can be a part or full time teacher for the university
Newly hired professors usually start off at this level
Have limited research responsibilities
Assistant Professor
Doctoral degree or terminal degree in their discipline
Committed to teaching an university policies
Participates in University activities

At this point the professor
is NOT yet on a tenure track
Associate Professor
Contains all of the requirements of an assistant professor
Is an active member of the university and its community
Has record of positive teaching evaluations
Record of scholarly performance

Professional is on tenure track
Professor
Professional has met all of the requirements of an associate professor plus the following:
Scholarly achievements in their field
Record of leadership int he university
Creative activity in their field
Balance
How can you balance work and life?
Is it a struggle for you?
Would it be easier or harder for you when you get older to do so?
How can HR help Improve work life balance?
Increase PTO
Work from home
Use internet as a way to connect with others
Utilize research assistance
Manage research so it can be done when children are in school and family members are at work
Provide daycare at universities
Create a holistic working environment
Citi and LinkedIn Survey:
78 percent of women say they have never heard a successful man talk about work-life balance
A 370,000-member group called Connect
Work-life balance is often looked at or presented as a women's issue?
Dual-career couples are becoming the norm

In academia the pressures are high, children could possibly be neglected

Balance/Salary

Gen X men and women have lowest levels of work-life balance

Help at home, or at work?

Non Tenure Professionals
Full time Lecturers
Professionals in Residence
Practitioners in Residence
Adjunct Faculty
Visiting Professionals
Non Tenure Professionals

Full Time Lecturers
Recruited nationally or regionally
Typically hold Ph.D. or a terminal degree in their field
Usually teach 24 credit hours
Can be on a tenure or non-tenure track
Receive same benefits as tenure professionals
Professionals in Residence
Professionals are recruited locally regionally
Teach part or full time
Receive similar benefits to tenure professionals however it depends on how many credits they teach
Practitioners in Residence
Adjunct Professors
Hired regionally or locally to teach
Typically teach part time
Paid per course as opposed to salary
Do not receive benefits
Visiting Professionals
Typically are professors who teach at other universities
Typically either an assistant professor or above at their university
Teach for a short period of time typically
Practitioners typically hold a masters degree or professional certification in their field
Typically each part or full time
Receive similar benefits to tenure professionals however it depends on how many credits they teach
For men, having children is a career advantage; for women, it is a career killer

Why do men have a higher tenure rate compared to women?

Policies that allow a healthy work–life balance for both sexes will be crucial for recruiting and retaining the brightest minds
But Professors Do a Little Teaching,
and Get the Summer Off....
Work between 50 & 62 hours weekly
About 50 hours on regular work week
About 10 hours on week nights and weekends

According to the National Study of Post-secondary Faculty:
62% of time teaching
18% of time researching
20% of time administrative & other tasks

A Professor's Typical Workday
Conferences
Write
Research
Teaching
Service
How Does this Affect Women in Academia?
Growing percentage on Part-time
Work-life balance issues
Salary gaps
Stress
Research
Mentoring
Other Academic
Services
Teaching
Committee
Meetings
When faced with multiple demands,
research is sacrificed first.
Research
Family and household responsibilities have shifted and become more balanced.
The workplace lags in supporting this.

Often times, men don’t take paternity leave.
Instead, will take an “informal” path.

Men look to avoid conversations about family with their boss.

Only 14% of U.S. companies offer paternity leave
Professional Hours Loss in 7 years
Compared to men, women with kids lose a total of 1089 hours in a course of 7 years.
Tenure Portfolio Requirements
Each portfolio must contain evidence that the applicant has satisfied the following requirements:
Education
Years of faculty experience
Teaching Competencies
Scholarly Activity
Service for the University
Spillover Theory
Balancing Different Loads
There is similarities between what occurs in the work environment and what occurs in the family environment.
Overview
What is Tenure? Tenure Process

Work-Life Balance for Women in Academia

Work-Life Balance for Men in Academia

Group Activity

What can HR do?
What Most Women Faculty Do
Bias Avoidance
When individuals minimize or hide family commitments to achieve career success.
All for the purpose of being perceived as committed and thereby securing career advancement.
Tenure
Non-Tenure
No...
Job security
Flexibility
+ or -
• Size of organization

• Proportion of Men to Women

• History of Policy Utilization

• Managerial Support

• Coworker Support

• Gender Norms
competitive
policy
field

By: Elizabeth Bouphavan, Alexander Cloutier , Brittany Franco, Catherine Flores and Alexandra Venuto,
Full transcript