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F2F UT12 - Where's my mobile?
Transcript of F2F UT12 - Where's my mobile?
Making a deduction
subject + modal auxiliary verb + verb bare infinitive
subject + modal auxiliary verb + be + verb-ing
subject + modal auxiliary verb + have + verb past participle
subject + modal auxiliary verb + have + been + verb-ing
One of the most important tips I can teach you is to try to incorporate more vocabulary to replace common words when you speak.
A lot of money
Modals in Past
WOULD HAVE, COULD HAVE, SHOULD HAVE
So when we start learning a language we tend to be really formal.
Today we are going to look at some more informal expressions that we'll see in the streets.
I am stressed out.
My boss is really bugging me.
My plans for tonight are to just chill out.
When we believe something isn't true, we use can't.
We often use the modal verbs must, could, might, may and can't to make deductions in the present and the past.
When we believe something is true, we use must. • When we think something is possibly true, we use could,might or may.
It must be the postman.
She might be having a bath.
They could have got in through the window.
He must be in the kitchen. - Very sure - 99%
He can't be in the garden. - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
He must have climbed through the window. - Very sure - 99%
He can't have climbed through the window. - Very sure - we think it's impossible - 99%
He may / might / could have climbed through the window. We think it's possible - 50%
Just some examples to help out
the vast majority of
a great deal of
a huge amount of
a large amount
I could have gone to the beach.
was possible in the past, but didn't happen.
criticize people's behavior in the past.
to imagine something in the past that didn't happen .
You should have gone to the concert.
We would have bought that house.
Literal or non-literal
May have many meanings
A pinch of salt
a piece of cake
I am in the middle of nowhere
Separable or Non separable
Please get on the bus.
Please get on it.
Non-separable has two options
Take off your shoes
Take your shoes off
Take them off
Separable has three options