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Transcript of Kohlberg
Moral Reasoning Kohlberg Notes ? In Europe, a woman was near death from a special kind of cancer. There was one drug that the doctors thought might save her. It was a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. the drug was expensive to make, but the druggist was charging ten times what the drug cost him to make. He paid $400 for the radium and charged $4,000 for a small dose of the drug. The sick woman's husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money and tried every legal means, but he could only get together about $2,000, which is half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying, and asked him to sell it cheaper or let him pay later. But the druggist said, "No, I discovered the drug and I'm going to make money from if." So, having tried every legal means, Heinz gets desperate and considers breaking into the man's store to steal the drug for his wife. **Preconventional Level**
1) Punishment and Obedience
2) Instrumental Relativist
3) "Good Boy-Good Girl"
4) "Law and Order"
5) Social Contract
6) Universal Ethical Principle Instrumental Relativist There is not just one right view from authority
Fairness and respiprosity are now present but they are seen in a basic manor Punishment and
Obedience 1) Stealing the drug is bad because it's against the rules
2) They can see more than just one view point. They could see taking the drug as correct and also that the pharmacist thinks it is wrong
3) Typically argue, that it was right to steal the drug because
4) Many say they understand that Heinz's motives were good, but they cannot condone the theft.
5) They do not generally favor breaking laws; nevertheless, the wife’s right to live is a moral right that must be protected.
6) All parties--the pharmacist, Heinz, and his wife-- should take on the roles of the others. "Good Boy- Good Girl" Universal Ethical
Principle Social Contract What is right is determined by individual rights and standards set by society
Person steps back and thinks about society in a theoretical way
Recognizes that different social groups will have different values What is right is chosen from personal ethics/ principles
Look at situations through one another's eyes Right is seen as doing one’s duty
The person becomes more broadly concerned with society as a whole.
Think's from a full-fledged member-of-society perspective “Law and Order” Father was an importer of Asian merchandise Mother was an amateur chemist Born on October 25, 1927 in Bronxville, New York Educated in the finest prep schools such as Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, where he completed his secondary education Decided to become a sailor with the merchant marines Attended the University of Chicago for his bachelors degree. Received his doctorate degree in 1958 at the University of Chicago. Assistant professor of psychology at Yale 1961 Spent a year at the Center for Advanced Study of Behavioral Science 1962 Joined the staff at the University of Chicago as assistant, then associate professor of psychology and human development. 1967 Moved from Chicago University to Harvard University and spent the next 10 years there as a professor of education and social psychology 1955 married Lucille Stigberg, and the couple had two sons, David and Steven Child asumes they are given a set of rules and the must obey them To Do: * Homework
* Work files Youth & Family Ministry
Soc & Cullt. Found. of Educ
Theories of Teaching & Learning
Children's P.E. Classes CALL
Good behavior is what pleases or helps others and is approved by them
Approval is seen as being nice
Believe people should live up to expectation of peers and behave well Slavin, Robert E.. "Social, Moral, and Emotional Development." Educational psychology: theory and practice. 10th ed. Columbus: Pearson, 2012. 58-61. Print.
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http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/kohlberg.htm Sources: Died
January 19, 1987 Pros:
Reaserch supports Kholberg's sequence of development
Difference between girl's and boy's ability to reason
Moral Reasoning Vs. Moral Behavior
Critics have pointed out that Kohlberg's theory of moral development overemphasizes the concept as justice when making moral choices.
Children can often reason out moral situation in more sophisticated ways than a stage theory would alow
Does Kohlberg's theory overemphasize Western philosophy? Criticisms of Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development: Give reasons that some behaviors are acceptable and not others especially when going over classrooms
Encourage perspective talking, empathy and pro-social behavior
Expose students to many models of moral behavior
Engage students in discussion of moral issues related to academia
Get students actively involved in community service
Offer reasoning one step above child’s current stage when wrestling with moral dilemmas
If its too much higher is can be to hard Classroom Application