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Judaism

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Jasmine williams

on 26 September 2012

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Transcript of Judaism

-Also in Christianity it is believed that there was an original sin (evil) that is now passed down to all humans.
-Jews hold no belief in an original sin and that it is our choice, and our choice alone, to sin or not. Judaism How and where did it spread? Fundamentals Key Stats of Judaism Places of Worship-Synagogues Origins of Judaism Jewish Holy Text The Tanakh or Torah The Mitzvot True Mitzvot Rabbinic Law -Laws that were passed down from God to humans.
-This was done so that humans could try to live a perfect life without sin. The Rabbinic Law, although not true Mitzvot, are a set of laws that were made to keep other Judaism has 14 million followers. Number of Followers Here is a map showing the population of Jews in different countries of the world. Symbol of Judaism-The Star of David Significance of the Star of David Jewish holidays Kaparot Kaparot is a ritual in which people swing a live chicken over their heads three times to clean their sins. Hanukkah Yom Kippur Yom Kippur is the seen as the Jewish day of repentance. It is supposedly the Jewish holiday with the most rituals and traditions, as well as being the only Jewish holiday that nearly all Jews celebrate. Jews from violating the Mitzvot and to keep religious
practices from being lost to the tests of time. Here is some information on Rabbinic Law. Gezeirah Takkanah relationship with God. resembles human nature and it's with it's dual overlapping triangles, Most believe that the Star, -There are many different beliefs of why the star of david is significnat. violation of the true Mitzvah. Gezeirah were rules set down to prevent inadvertent instruments. For example, it is a Mitzvah to not work on the Sabbath Day, but it is a Gezeirah to not handle any form of work Takkanah are laws that were instituted by Rabbis and are not derived from the Torah or Tanakh. Takkanah can vary by region and culture. Ex. Ashkenazic Jews (Jews in Christian societies) have continue to use the act of polygamy. Jewish cultures have not accepted this Takkanah and accepted a Takkanah to ban polygamy, while other Synagogues Jewish Worship and Prayer Keeping Kosher: Laws of the Jews The Dietary The Jerusalem Temple and it's Purpose The Synagogue Meaning of Kosher Kosher Observance Today The Laws of Kashrut (Kosher) The Purpose of Being Kosher General Characteristics Etiquette for Visitors This was the original center for Jewish worship. It was built by King Solomon and later destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 B.C. Synagogue Info the second Jerusalem Temple The Jewish house of predates the destruction of worship, the synagogue, readings, prayer, and teaching. ritual sacrifice with Torah and Tanakh The synagogue was made to replace Synagogue Purpose of the Primary purpose of the for group prayer. Synagogue is for it to be used Used as a house of religious education, for adults and children alike, as well as a house of study. place. Also used as a social gathering Although the observances of Kashrut (Kosher) are varied upon the Jewish traditions of a family, the rule of staying Kosher still has it's influences on Jewish culture today. -To keep Kosher means to eat only that of which has been given to God before it has been given to eat. Meat is one of the things that are not to be eaten
*This means that only food that is naturally provided is allowed to be eaten. Jewish Beliefs Islamic faiths, there are still the few beliefs that set them apart. Although Jewish beliefs are similiar to the Christian and 13 Articles of Faith 1. God exists. 2. God is one and unique. 3. God is incorporeal. 4. God is eternal. 5. Prayer is to God only. 6. The prophets spoke truth. 7. Moses was the greatest of the prophets. 8. The written and oral Torah were given to Moses. 9. There will be no other Torah. 10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of men. 11. God will reward the good and punish the wicked. 12. The Messiah (Savior) will come. 13. The dead will be ressurected. deer, chicken, turkey, quail, and geese that have Ritually slaughtered beef, sheep, goats, no flaws or diseases. Salmon, tuna, carp, herring or cod. Meat eaten separately from dairy. Wine or grape juice made under Jewish supervision. Soft cheese or Kosher hard cheeses. Although there are no mentions of the laws for being Kosher in the Torah or Tanakh, it is widely believed that they are primitive health laws. There are others, though, who see them as ways of attaining self-control. The Messiah -The Jews and Christians believe in a Messiah, the savior of the Jewish people who is sent by God. Human Nature The Afterlife Jewish beliefs on the afterlife are the same beliefs of Christians and Muslims. Etiquette for visitors is much the same as it is for normal Jews so there is little diffrence between the two. Recitation of prayers is a regular part of Jewish worship. Worship in groups of at least 10 people. Swaying the body back and forth during prayer is normal custom used by most. Concentration is mandatory while praying. Standing and bowing when it is required. Wearing Tallit (Prayer Shawls) Lastly, wearing appropriate dress is required. -In most monotheistic religions it is evil to
indulge one's selfwithout thinking of others.
*Jews, instead, think that this is fine as long as you don't become self-absorbed. Abraham was the founder. -This doesn't entirely exclude meat from a Jewish diet . *The meat of a ritually sacrificed animal may be partaken by Jews. Passover It was founded in Mesopatamia in 1300 B.C. It was created when God showed himself to Abraham. -Begins at sundown that night before:
•December 5-12, 2007
•December 22-29, 2008
•December 12-19, 2009
•December 2-9, 2010 Who, when, where, and how it was founded. Who? How? Where and When? -it is celebrated for 8 days
-starts on the 25th of Kislev or mid-december
-candles are held in chanukkiah, a candelabra that holds nine candles -It's true significance to Jews is unknown -Jews, instead, believe that the Messiah has yet to come and are still waiting for him or her. -The thing that sets the Jews apart from the Christians in this belief is that Christians believe that the Messiah has come as the man Jesus Christ and died for our sins. -it is on the 15th day of Nisan and ends on the 22nd
-spring holiday commemerating the Exodus
-has strict rules but is a joyful time of family togetherness How did it spread? -it spread when hurtless people were taken to Egypt as slaves -it spread by trade of information as well as goods -it spread when there were wars -it spread when people were driven out of certain places Slaves captured by egyptians Where did it spread? -it spread during the holocaust-germany -it spread throughout Egypt
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