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Transcript of Mughal Empire
the Akbar period During this tome after the Golden Age the empire begins to weaken and fall....... The Declining and Decaying
Mughal Akbar's successors http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00maplinks/mughal/roolvinkset/roolvinkset.html
http://rajivawijesinha.wordpress.com/2010/08/13/historic-buildings-x-the-taj-mahal-at-agra-c-1650-ad/ Picture&Citation The people suffer The Empire Declined
&Decayed Jahangir & Nur Jahan *Powerful politician *True ruler of India Shah Jahan *Son & successor *Loved 2 things- buildings and Mumtz (wife)------> Taj Mahal The People Suffer 1657- Shah Jahan becomes ill *Sons began to fight for power * Aurangezeb won -
imprisoned his father *Destroyed empire's resources *2 million people die Aurangezebs death=
fight for power * Not an unified state anymore The Mughal Empire * Akbar was a liberal Emperor, but also a powerful military leader * People practiced their own religion * Method of ruling was to keep the
people happy * wanted everyone to be equal Aurangezeb's Rule 1658-1707->Empire at its large=weakest *Enforce Islamic laws harshly *Drove the Hindu's out of
government power Hindu's rebelled-> created "war states" * Marathas &Sikhs -The harmonious coexist of muslims and the other religions
-Language(Higher Culture: Persian; Common people:Hindi Millitary Language: Urdu), Literature, Art, Architecture
-Governors are consisted of natives and foreigners Cultural Achievements:
Diversity of Mughal Empire The Mughal Empire has power
The emperor maintains the power
They maintain the power through violence and peace Akbar: Liberal Emperor welcomed cultural blending 1526 to 1757 The Power Holder of the Empire Mughals (Mongols) invaded India in 16th century and established an empire..... Historical Background *9th century, Muslims attempted to attack India
*11th cenutry, Turkish troops successfully invaded India, then the nation suffered from devastration for cenutries
*Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni
-Destroying campaigns in India-greatly weakened india
-Delhi Sultanate: Capital of Turkish warlords
-an overthrown young king in northern kindom
-founded the Mughal Empire in 16th century Akbar expanded into part of the Deccan Plateau.
He unified the land with 100 million people, he was a thoughtful leader.
The tax system was like the U.S. today
Unfortunately Mughal officials didn't like the tax system.
Akbar wanted mixed cultures
Had exquisite art. *Genius in culture-blending Akbar was brilliant and curious; Especially about religion He invented his own religion called the "Devine Faith". He invented this knew religion after learning about others; Such as:
Sufism Akbar equipped his armies with heavy artillery and cannons. These cannons helped him break into walled cities to expand his rule.
Akbar ruled India from 1556 to 1605.