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Mughal Empire

History project

Ziqing(Becky) Xu

on 15 October 2012

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Transcript of Mughal Empire

The flourishing and the corrupting Mughal Empire Introduce Part I Rising Era of Mughal Empire Akbar Era: The Greatest Time of Mughal Empire Cultural Revival during
the Akbar period During this tome after the Golden Age the empire begins to weaken and fall....... The Declining and Decaying
Mughal Akbar's successors http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00maplinks/mughal/roolvinkset/roolvinkset.html


http://rajivawijesinha.wordpress.com/2010/08/13/historic-buildings-x-the-taj-mahal-at-agra-c-1650-ad/ Picture&Citation The people suffer The Empire Declined
&Decayed Jahangir & Nur Jahan *Powerful politician *True ruler of India Shah Jahan *Son & successor *Loved 2 things- buildings and Mumtz (wife)------> Taj Mahal The People Suffer 1657- Shah Jahan becomes ill *Sons began to fight for power * Aurangezeb won -
imprisoned his father *Destroyed empire's resources *2 million people die Aurangezebs death=
fight for power * Not an unified state anymore The Mughal Empire * Akbar was a liberal Emperor, but also a powerful military leader * People practiced their own religion * Method of ruling was to keep the
people happy * wanted everyone to be equal Aurangezeb's Rule 1658-1707->Empire at its large=weakest *Enforce Islamic laws harshly *Drove the Hindu's out of
government power Hindu's rebelled-> created "war states" * Marathas &Sikhs -The harmonious coexist of muslims and the other religions
-Language(Higher Culture: Persian; Common people:Hindi Millitary Language: Urdu), Literature, Art, Architecture
-Governors are consisted of natives and foreigners Cultural Achievements:
Diversity of Mughal Empire The Mughal Empire has power
The emperor maintains the power
They maintain the power through violence and peace Akbar: Liberal Emperor welcomed cultural blending 1526 to 1757 The Power Holder of the Empire Mughals (Mongols) invaded India in 16th century and established an empire..... Historical Background *9th century, Muslims attempted to attack India
*11th cenutry, Turkish troops successfully invaded India, then the nation suffered from devastration for cenutries

*Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni
-Destroying campaigns in India-greatly weakened india
-Delhi Sultanate: Capital of Turkish warlords

-an overthrown young king in northern kindom
-founded the Mughal Empire in 16th century Akbar expanded into part of the Deccan Plateau.
He unified the land with 100 million people, he was a thoughtful leader.
The tax system was like the U.S. today
Unfortunately Mughal officials didn't like the tax system.
Akbar wanted mixed cultures
Had exquisite art. *Genius in culture-blending Akbar was brilliant and curious; Especially about religion He invented his own religion called the "Devine Faith". He invented this knew religion after learning about others; Such as:
Sufism Akbar equipped his armies with heavy artillery and cannons. These cannons helped him break into walled cities to expand his rule.
Akbar ruled India from 1556 to 1605.
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