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The Odyssey, Book 22

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Isabel Tuason

on 17 May 2015

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Transcript of The Odyssey, Book 22

The Odyssey Book 22
by Isabel Tuason and Christine Chan
Slaughter in the Hall
WHERE:
Ithaca, Ancient Greece
ITHACA
Odysseus' Palace
WHO
Odysseus
Telemachus
Eumaeus
Philoetius
WHAT
LITERARY DEVICES
THEME
WHEN
Eurycleia
The Suitors
Penelope
WHY
Odysseus kills Antinous.
The suitors ask Odysseus to spare them when Odysseus reveals his true identity to them, but Odysseus is unstoppable. The suitors decide to fight him.
He and Telemachus kill two suitors.
Odysseus orders Telemachus to get armed. As he leaves, he forgets to lock the door and Melanthius gets in.
Odysseus hears the news and send Eumaeus and Philoetius to hang him alive.
Athena takes the form of Mentor and questions Odysseus' fighting spirit
Hearing her words, Odysseus takes action and kills 4 suitors with the help of his companions
Again the suitors try to attack, but Athena redirects their arrows so that it misses them entirely
4 more suitors die and the killing went on
Leodes (prophet) gets killed
Phemius (barb) and Medon (herald) beg for mercy and survive
Odysseus commands the women and others to clean up the dead corpses
Odysseus hangs the shameful women one by one
Odysseus cuts Melanthius' body parts
Odysseus commands his serving women to cleanse the palace of all the bloodshed
Odysseus embraces the rest of the maid in joy, overwhelmed with the relief of finally being back in Ithaca
WHAT CONTINUED
WHAT CONTINUED
Odysseus is mad at the suitors
for trying to marry his wife
and consuming his wealth while he was away. This eventually became the very reason behind their destruction.
Leadership
: Odysseus commands Telemachus, Eumaeus, and Philoetius in times of need.

"But Odysseus gave the swineherd strict commands to stand hard by the side-door, guard it well-" (22.127-128)
THEME
Vengeance
: Odysseus kills the suitors for wanting to marry Penelope and living off of his palace.


"...so cocksure that you bled my house to death, ravished my serving-women — wooed my life behind my back while I was still alive!" (22.37-38)
THEME
Deception
: Athena takes form of Mentor to hide her identity.

"...now Zeus' daughter Athena, taking the build and voice of Mentor, swept in..."(22.214-215).

Family
: Odysseus reunites with the women.

"...flung their arms around Odysseus, hugged him, home at last, and kissed his head and shoulders, seized his hands..." (22. 526-527)
After the suitors have finished taunting and mocking Odysseus.
After Odysseus succeeds to shoot an arrow through all twelve axes.
DEATH COUNT
1. Antinous
2. Eurymachus
3. Amphinomus
4. Demoptolemus
5.Euryades
6.Elatus
7.Pisander
8.Eurydamas
9.Amphimedon
10.Polybus

11.Ctesippus
12.Agelaus
13.Leocritus
15.Leodes
16.Shameful Maids
17.Melanthius
"Poor fools, blind to the fact that all their necks were in the noose..." (22. 34-35)
Metaphor:
Epithets:

"Odysseus, master of tactics..." (22.178)
" ... Athena, Driver of Armies." (22. 220)
Foreshadowing:
" ... Slaughter the last thing on the suitor's mind..." (22. 11-12)
LITERARY DEVICES
"Terror gripped them all..." (22.43)
Personification:
Divine Intervention:

Symbolism:
Odysseus' bow represents the vengeance and supremacy the king has over the suitors.
- MORE -
Athena redirects the direction of the suitors' arrows. "... Athena sent the whole salvo wide of the mark..." (22. 269)
Character Analysis
He has become a stronger
and more aggressive leader

"...no,not even then would
I stay my hands from
slaughter."
(22. 68)
GAME TIME
HOW TO PLAY:
(We are basically going to be playing a modified version of Taboo.)
Nominate 1 person from your team to be your speaker. He/she is to describe the noun shown on the screen to your team without using the words listed beneath it. The rest of the team has to guess, and will receive 1 point for every character successfully guessed.

He helps his father in battling the suitors and obeys his orders, expressing the similarities between the father and son.

"Telemachus moved to his father's orders smartly." (22.116)
RULES:
Each team is only permitted a time limit of 45 seconds per round.
Each restricted word spoken by the "speaker" is 1 point penalized from the team.
No hand gestures or word play.
ODYSSEUS
TELEMACHUS
PENELOPE
ITHACA
ODYSSEY
CHARACTER


"So fight-call up the joy of battle! Swords out! Tables lifted-block his arrows winging death! Charge him, charge in a pack-" (22.77-79).
Word speaker is describing
Words the speaker is not allowed to say.
ITHACA
ODYSSEUS
PENELOPE
TELEMACHUS
HOME
PLACE
ATHENA
GODDESS
TELEMACHUS
ODYSSEUS
WAR
WISDOM



"Some dozen went tramping to their shame, thumbing their noses at me, at the queen herself!" (22.449-450)
Odysseus:
Telemachus
The Suitors
Warriors eligible to wed Queen Penelope driven by greed and selfishness; determined to rid of anything that stands in their way. (Ie. - Odysseus & Telemachus
Odysseus' Serving Women
Servants to Odysseys when he was and wasn't in Ithaca. Some remained loyal, and some rendered disloyal to their master, resulting in their gruesome death. This expresses their differences in personality.
EUMAEUS
SWINEHERD
ODYSSEUS
ITHACA
PIG(S)
TELEMACHUS

PYLOS
NESTOR
TELEMACHUS
POSEIDEN
ATHENA



ZEUS
HERA
ATHENA
CRONUS
GOD
KING
OMEN
SYMBOL
SIGN
GOD(S)
HOMER
THE ODYSSEY
POET
AUTHOR
BOOK
ILIAD
SUITORS
PENELOPE
ODYSSEUS
MARRY/WED
PALACE
ITHACA
BOOK 22
SLAUGHTER IN THE HALLS
ODYSSEUS
SUITORS
BOOK 21
BOOK 20
EURYCLEIA
PENELOPE
SERVING WOMAN
MAID
ITHACA
ODYSSEUS
CALYPSO
ODYSSEUS
NYMPH
GODDESS
ISLAND
ODYSSEUS'S BOW
SUITORS
TELEMACHUS
& ARROW
PENELOPE
ARGOS
(ODYSSEUS'S DOG)
ODYSSEUS
DOG
PENELOPE
ODYSSEUS
TELEMACHUS
SUITORS
MARRY/WED
QUEEN
SACRIFICE/
OFFERING

GODS
GODDESSES
ANIMALS
POSEIDON

GOD
SEA
ODYSSEUS
CYCLOPS
TELEMACHUS

ODYSSEUS
PENELOPE
ITHACA
SON
PRINCE
ANTINOUS
SUITOR
LEADER
PENELOPE
ODYSSEUS'S PALACE
ODYSSEUS
HOME
CYCLOPS
ONE
EYE
MONSTER
POSEIDON
GOD
ZEUS
HERA
POSEIDON
ATHENA
ARES
Full transcript