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Dan Nguyen

on 7 September 2012

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Transcript of Daoism

By:Alex Lay, Kevin Pierotte, Dan Nguyen Where It Originated and the Founder Daoism was founded by Laozi in the sixth century BCE in China. This religion rose during the end of the Zhou dynasty and during the Period of the Warring States. Daoism was one of the three schools of thoughts during the Period of Warring States alongside Confucianism and Legalism. The two books Daodejing and Zhuangzi were the most important works of Daoism. Daodejing told of the basics of Daoism while Zhuangzi spoke of different Daoist views. Laozi was a sage during the sixth century BCE. He Where Did Daoism spread? Daoism Daoism first spread all across China. Daoism also may have spread to Korea and Japan but was soon overtaken by Buddhism and in Japan Shinto. The reason it might not have spread was because it contained defects in its system of beliefs and practices and was modeled for the Chinese. Daoism spread because of Laozi's journey to the west, his followers spreading the religion, and philosophy. It was spread because Daoists believed their religion was right and wanted others to partake in their philosophy and religion. They also believed that Daoism could calm and give unity in the Period of Warring States. d Origin and Creator Daoism (Taoism) was created by Laozi in the sixth century BCE. Daoism was created during the Period of Warring States after the fall of the Zhou dynasty. Along with Confucianism and Legalism, it became on of the three schools of learning created during this period. The Daodeijing (Classic of the Way and of Virtue) was a compiled text which gave a basic understanding of Daoism. Another text known as Zhuangzi provided Daoist views. It was written by the Daoist philosopher Zhuangzi. Laozi was a sage during the sixth century and founder of Daoism. The name Laozi means "Old Master". He originally worked as a historian in the Zhou court. Due to the decline of the Zhou dynasty, he proceeded to move west into central Asia. Legend tells that he rode a blue ox during his travels. His teachings were spread during his journey. After he crossed the border out of China, he was never heard from again. Basic Beliefs of Daoism To Whom Did Taoism appeal to? Daoism was one of the three major schools of thought during the Period of Warring States alongside Legalism and Confucianism. Daoism can be philosophical, religious, or both. It centered around the dao or "the way". The dao represented "the way of nature" or "the way of the cosmos". The dao governed everything in the world. It is said to be like water in how it is yielding but also able to erode rocks. The trait of Wuwei was the most valued trait of Daoists. Wuwei told individuals to not get involved with the government and live in harmony with nature. Wuwei went against the pursuit of knowledge and competition. In politics, Confucianism was practiced in their business lives, and Daoism was practiced during their personal lives. Taoism (or Daoism as it is modernly called) is a philosophical and pacifistic religion/practice that encourages following the Tao or "The Way." The Tao is the main philosophy of Taoism. It expresses an idea of simplicity: that you hold no desires or wants and accept your place in the world. This idea most likely appealed to the lower-class or commoners in Ancient China. Most lower-class members of that time were illiterate and "vulgar" in their sense of faith in religions. The Tao and Taoism allowed them to believe that they were content with being a commoner. The lower-class of Ancient China is probably who Taoism appealed to most. There is a second side to Daoism. The two sides of Daoism are the philosophical and religious sides. The religious side of Daoism had rituals, deities, and ceremonies. The main deity of religious Daoism is the Jade Emperor. Alchemy, eternal life, and longevity were beliefs. A hierarchy of Daoism was created and was headed by T'ien Shih or "master of heaven". Women's Role in Taoism Women in Taoism are well-respected since they create life as well as there is an emphasis on feminine qualities of nature, thus their role comes natural and unwilled. Women are said to be that which creativity flows from. That being said, women are expected to participate in every aspect of Taoism. However, in stark contrast to this, they are not supposed to participate in political matters or anything of the kind. They were also expected to obey their fathers, their husbands, and finally their sons; just like any Patriarchal Society. Women were respected more in Taoism, but not so much as to change all of Chinese society. Philisophical Daoism Religious Daoism How Did Taoism interact with Other Religions in the Region? Two religions developed in Ancient China around the same period in Chinese history called the "Hundred Schools of Thought." These religions were Taoism and Confucianism. Taoism was the belief in everything in moderation and the search for "truth" within oneself. Confucianism was a belief system that focused on ethics. These entirely different religions were able to coexist with one another during this time period, however. They both had large groups of followings. With the arrival of Buddhism in China, however, Taoism began to feel threatened. They both denied value of worldly appearances. However, Taoists believed in communing with nature, while Buddhists believed in withdrawing from nature. Conflicts did emerge between these two religions as time went on. Where Did Daoism spread? Thank You for Watching our Presentation on Daoism!!
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