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The Founding Fathers
Transcript of The Founding Fathers
"All might be free if the valued freedom, and defended it as they should."
"Always stand on one principle...even if you stand alone."
"In matters of style, swim with the current;
In matters of principle, stand like a rock."
"He that can have patience can have what he will."
"A well adjusted person is one who makes the same mistake twice without getting nervous"
"Philosophy is common sense with big words."
He was one of the earliest advocates for resisting the British.
Adams served as a delegate to the Continental Congress until 1781.
He retired from the Congress in 1781 and returned to Massachusetts to become a leading member of that state's convention to form a constitution.
In 1789 he was appointed lieutenant governor of the state.
He mostly rode in a stagecoach, but he finally learned to ride a horse because he wanted to have a statue of himself as a great statesman
Adams was also a brewer and is honored by Samuel Adams beer today.
He was a lawyer from Boston and served as a representative from Massachusetts in the Continental Congress.
Adams was a great judge of character and nominated George Washington to be commander-in-chief in 1775.
He was instrumental in persuading the Congress to declare Independence.
He assisted in drafting the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
In the same year, Adams also wrote Thoughts on Government in which he sketches out the judicial, executive, and legislative branches with the system of checks and balances.
He had a very intimate relationship with his wife, Abigail. They wrote each other poetic love letters in which they adopted the pen names Lysander, the Spartan war hero, and Portia, the wife of Brutus.
His first daughter Abigail "Nabby" Adams endured gruesome surgery and died at the age of 48 of breast cancer.
Jefferson served as a delegate from Virginia to the Second Continental Congress beginning in June 1775.
In 1776, he was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence.
He was elected as Governor of Virginia in 1779 and was re-elected in 1780.
In 1783, he was elected as a Virginia delegate in the Congress of the Confederation, in which he proposed that American currency should be based on the decimal system.
He also proposed to ban slavery in all territories, but it was not passed into law.
In 1785, he was appointed as Minister to France to fill the shoes of Benjamin Franklin.
He invented many practical things such as a revolving book stand and a clock powered by gravity.
Today, DNA and historic evidence have proved that Jefferson fathered the children of his slave Sally Hemings.
He had an illegitimate son named William.
The Pennsylvania Assembly him as their delegate to the Second Continental Congress in 1775.
Also in 1775, he was named the first United States Postmaster General.
Franklin was appointed to help draft the Declaration of Independence, and made many small but important changes such as "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" and "we hold these truths to be self-evident."
He was sent to France in 1776 as commissioner for the United States. There he advocated religious tolerance resulting in the Edict of Versailles which allowed non-Catholics to practice their faith.
He was elected 6th president of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania in 1785.
In 1787, Franklin was a delegate to the Philadelphia Convention.
He is the only Founding Father who signed the Declaration of Independence, the Treaty of Paris, the Treaty of Alliance with France, and the United States Constitution.
Hamilton was born an illegitimate child and he grew up in the Caribbean.
In 1775, he joined a New York volunteer militia company called the Hearts of Oak.
He raised the New York Provincial Company of Artillery in 1776, and was elected captain.
He commanded three battalions at the Battle of Yorktown in 1781.
In 1782 he was elected to the Congress of the Confederation as a New York representative.
He wrote 51 out of 85 essays for the Federalist Papers in 1787.
President George Washington appointed him as the first United States Secretary of the Treasury in 1789.
In 1776 at the Virginia Convention, as Orange County's representative, he helped write Virginia's constitution.
In 1780, he served as one of Virginia's delegates to Continental Congress.
In 1783, Madison champion for the separation of church and state and helped get Virginia's Statute of Religious Freedom, passed in 1786.
In 1787, Madison represented Virginia at the Constitution Convention. Many of his ideas were included, and he is considered the Father of the Constitution.
He collaborated with Hamilton on the Federalist Papers, published in 1788.
In 1789, Madison won a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, which he envisioned. He was essential to the Bill of Rights, submitting his suggestions protecting against "unreasonable searches and seizures" and ensuring "a speedy and public trial" among others.
Later on, his wife, Dolley, helped define what it means to be a First Lady of the United States.