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Ch. 12 A Search for Community
Transcript of Ch. 12 A Search for Community
Although the West is often characterized by movement, many people stayed in one place and created communities.
Populating the West was an important part of the process.
One important factor to creating community was the presence of women.
Because of the isolation felt by many on the Plains, some women began to establish social groups, churches, schools and community labor efforts.
Women wanted, saw the need for, and created support networks that helped establish and retain settlers and community members.
Religion played an important role in establishing and supporting communities.
Churches became community bases for inhabitants.
Church members provided labor and goods in times of need.
Several denominations were prevalent in the West.
Baptists and Methodists tended to have the most success.
traveled to the people
were like the people they proselytized
Religion and civic duty went hand in hand for many church members.
Mormons serve as one of the strongest examples of a covenant community in the West.
Strong sense of community responsibility
very practical too
set up farm related refining factories and connections to the East Coast using their own funds.
Issues between the Mormon community and the Federal government revolved around:
plural marriage and "theocracy"
Federal and Mormon troops did clash
suffragists pushed for the vote for Mormon women
anti suffragists used the results to support their arguments.
Because no land reform had occurred in the South after Reconstruction, thousands of African Americans migrated west and north to find land and jobs.
Many went to Kansas where they heard they could get free transportation and supplies along with their homestead land.
At first Kansas was very open to the migrants, even helping construct homes and providing temporary support.
Several towns were established that were inhabited entirely by African Americans.
Exodusters found the land just as difficult to work as other homesteaders and often remained in already established towns working for others.
Shift in Indian Policy changed the dynamics between Natives and the Federal Government.
Federal agents were in charge of local tribes
Natives could no longer claim sovereignty
Natives were to become farmers or starve
children were taken to special schools to learn to assimilate to American culture.
Many rituals and customs were outlawed such as the Sun Dance and the Ghost Dance
This will lead to the Massacre at Wounded Knee
Many first generation immigrants found it difficult to assimilate.
laws were passed to make speaking home languages illegal
third generation immigrants really began to make the change to assimilate
See Ole Rolvaag
Ch. 12 A Search for Community
Movers and Stickers
Eventually Kansas became much like the rest of the nation and created separate but unequal facilities for Black citizens.
Make sure you are able to explain what the myth of the small town was v. with what Sinclair Lewis described it as.
Think about social and economic mobility, reluctance to change, ideas about immigrants
How did Americans view different immigrant groups?
How were different groups treated?
Chinese Exclusion Act
Different groups include: Chinese, Japanese, Mexican
How did some of these immigrant groups respond?