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Food in 16th Century Venice (Italy)
Transcript of Food in 16th Century Venice (Italy)
Changes Overtime In Science and Technology
Overcome the Issues
In the 16th Century Venice
By: Rechelien Dispo and Deborah Okere
Venice was an Italian city unlike any other when it came to cuisine. The city had close trade ties with many European and far eastern countries, so many foods and spices came into Venice that were not seen in other parts of the country. (Sabine's Food)
DISCOVERIES BY THE GREAT EXPLORERS
The merchants that traveled in the 16th Century allowed a huge amount of new culinary experiences in Venice.
Popular Imported Food:
The Spice Trade
BY: Rechelien and Deborah
The Role of Religion
Religion played a huge role in regulating and restricting types of food used.
The role of Religion:
Therefore, fish and milk substitutes like almond milk were regularly used on these days
There was already spice trade in the Early Middle Ages, but the spice trade became more popular after the Crusades and the demand for cooking was as much as the demand for medicine.
Practical and important qualities:
preserving meat and fish for longer periods
flavouring bland foods
The spice trade
The Silk Road
The Silk Road was an important route connecting Asia with the Mediterranean world, including North Africa and Europe. Trade on the Silk Road was a significant factor in the development of the great civilizations of China, India, Egypt, Persia, Arabia, and Rome. (History of the Spice Trade, 2011)
(Demetri, J. 2015)
Since the location of Venice is near the sea, most of their dishes are fish or made with fish which are seasoned with olive oil, vinegar, garlic, parsley, and herbs.
(One of the most famous dish):
made with cod from the colder northern seas and is shipped to Italy. This dish is usually served with polenta as a side dish.
Sarde in Saor
(translated name 'sardines immersed in flavor’).
Made with onions in a sweet and sour sauce, with ‘pinoli’ (pine nuts) and raisins
what did rich people eat (typical meal):
Most rich people ate in Paris. They enjoyed eating meat, seafood and sugary treats.
During the morning, they ate
wild game stew,
Braised Spring Greens
hemp Seed Soup8
Erbolata ‘cheese pie with herbs
and Rice with Almond Milk – served on meatless days
During the evening, they ate Rice and Peas,
Assorted Sweet Biscuits,
Wholemeal Pasta in Anchovy Sauce
what did poor people eat (typical meal):
The poor didn't have much food like the rich did and also didn't eat as healthy as rich did. They mostly ate
Compared to the 15th century where people died from famine in Venice, the 16th century brought lots of promising factors. Starting with the
discoveries by the great explorers
he spice trade
The role in Religion
then came the
and what the
rich and poor ate
. The 16th century was filled with richness in the preparation of food.
More Popular Foods
Risi i Bisi (Rice and Fresh Peas)
Risi i Bisi
Venice 1518 Famine
Venice did not have famine in the 16th century but during the 15th century they did. It started in 1518 and might have ended that year too.
There are lots of different recipes but here are few:
The Seppia al nero: The cuttlefish in black, where the ink sack of a cuttlefish is taken and poured directly into a sauce where it will then turn a deep black colour. The meat of the cuttlefish is often grilled which makes it sweet.
Cicchetti: It includes small sandwiches, meatballs, marinated olives/ grilled vegetable, fried cheeses and rice balsl called arancini.
Other recipes are: the Ombra and Spritz, the Granseola, the Folpetti Consi which is boiled baby octopus.
Demetri, J. (2015, February 3). Life in Italy During the Renaissance. Retrieved May 11, 2015, from http://www.lifeinitaly.com/history/italy-renaissance
Fulginiti, A. (2013, August 10). 10 of the most popular dishes in Venice. Retrieved May 18, 2015, from http://www.panoramitalia.com/it/food-wine/article/10-popular-dishes-venice/2147/
History of the Spice Trade. (2011). Retrieved May 11, 2015, from http://www.silkroadspices.ca/history-of-spice-trade
McFarnon, E. (2014, December 8). Tudor dining: A guide to food and status in the 16th century. Retrieved May 11, 2015, from http://www.historyextra.com/feature/tudors/tudor-dining-guide-food-and-status-16th-century
Sabine's Food. (n.d.). Retrieved May 11, 2015, from http://aneala.lochac.sca.org/arts/SRFood.html
The Traditional Foods of Venice, Italy! (2012, October 7). Retrieved May 18, 2015, from http://www.italianbellavita.com/2012/10/the-traditional-foods-of-venice-italy/