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Mahnoor :)

on 10 June 2015

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Transcript of Lebanon

Life in Lebanon
As we all know this month is known
as the ''Asian Heritage Month"and the
country I chose to do my presentation on is Lebanon. In this presentation I will
be sharing with you some information about Lebanon and the culture/
traditions of the Lebanese

Located in the Western Asia, Lebanon is a small country on the eastern shore of Mediterranean Sea.
Lebanon takes up to 10,400 square kilometers (4,014 square miles). The capital of the country is Beirut also known as the country's largest and main seaport. Other major cities of the country are Tripoli and Sidon.
Lebanon is a completely developed country regarding the economy rankings and the quality of life provided to the inhabitants.
Lebanon's History
Lebanon and its neighbor Syria,were a single political unit under the Ottoman Empire also called the Turkish Empire, until after World War 1 France was given the League of Nations authority over both Countries.
In 1920, France divided them into two colonies by drawing a border that separated the religious communities.
Lebanon's independence was claimed twenty years later on November 26, 1941 but full independence came in stages. French National Committee transferred the powers operated by France to the Lebanese Government on January 1, 1941. Therefore, French troops evacuated in 1946.

As i mentioned earlier, Lebanon takes up to 10,400 square kilometer. The widest point is 88 kilometers whereas, the narrowest point is 32 kilometers.
Land Use:
Arable Land (land used for crops like wheat, maize, and rice): 10.72%
Permanent Crops (land cultivated for crops like citrus, coffee, and rubber): 12.06%
Other: 77.2%

I hope you enjoyed my presentation.
Lebanese National Pact was established in the summer of 1943 as a power-sharing agreement between Lebanese Christians and Muslims. Therefore, the president should be a Christian, the prime minister a Sunni Muslim, and the Speaker of the National Assembly must be a Shi'ite Muslim.

As the years ensued, various conflicts were raised regarding the National Pact. Many Muslims thought that the Christians were given more rights as being the President than the Muslims. These conflicts led to the arise of the Lebanese Civil War in 1958.

Economy of Lebanon
Quality of Life
Cultures and Traditions
Problems Faced by the Inhabitants
Lebanon has a moderate climate featured by a long, hot summer and cool, rainy winter.The annual temperature is 20°C on the coast , 16°C in the Beeka valley and less than 10°C in the mountain zones.
Due to climate change, water is now a limited resource in Lebanon. There are almost 40 major streams that can be divided into 5 regions; the El Assi river, the Hasbani river, the El Kebir river and small scattered river bases.
The current population of Lebanon is 4, 461,462 with 2 178 024 (48.8%) male and 2 283 403 (51.2%) female population.
Birth & Death Rate:
The estimated birth rate for Lebanon this year is 14.8/1000 population (Rank:135). On the other hand, the death rate is 6.63/1000 population(Rank:146).
Fertility Rate:
The fertility rate is 1.76 children/woman. (Ranking: 163)
Life Expectancy:
The average number of years a newborn could be expected to live is 75.23. (Rank:90)
Infant Mortality:
The average number of deaths for children under the age of one year is 15.32/1000 live births. If compared to other countries, the highest infant mortality rate is 121.63 for Afghanistan. From this survey we can conclude that Lebanon provides its citizens with a good quality of life.
Population Growth:
The population growth rate for Lebanon was 2.5% in 2000. It increased to 4.8% in 2003 and then going back to 2.3% in 2006. Current population growth rate is estimated to be 1.0%.
The chaos created by the civil war affected the economy of Lebanon. However, its building a new economy as a nation. In the first two years of peace (1990-1992) the industrial exports increased from $190 million to $420 million dollars.
The GDP (Gross domestic Product) recorded in 2013 was 44.35 billion USD. There might be an increase in the ratings since the economy is still succeeding. Per Capita Income is 17,400 dollars and was ranked 57 out of 170 countries in

Lebanon was rated as the third best small country in the world which provides its inhabitants with a good quality of life. As I said before, Lebanon is struggling through its economy after the civil
Water was the main resource in Lebanon but now it seems like it's going extinct. Less than half of the Lebanese population is connected to official water supplies which sometimes does not work as the water quality is poor. The left population either buys water in bottles or get it from the wells. It was estimated that there are almost 85 illegal wells around Lebanon. Therefore, the country has various food sources.
There are a number of unemployed people in Lebanon but since the government is still struggling, they cannot really help the unemployed.
Lebanon has good health care programs and various free hospitals.
The literacy rate is 89.6% with 93.4% males and 86% females being able to read and write.
According to a 2013 research, Lebanon is ranked tenth regarding the quality of education and 4th in science and math.

Lebanon is facing environmental problems due to development of industries such as air and water pollution, soil degradation and deforestation.

Due to its long history, rich culture and natural beauty, the Republic of Lebanon occupies a special place in the world. Lebanon enjoys a parliamentary system of government with a President, a Prime Minister, and a cabinet.
The current Prime Minister of Lebanon is Tammam Salam and he was elected in February of 2014. Michel Suleiman is the President of Lebanon from 2008-2015. On 15 February 2014, Salam announced a national unity government of 24 ministers. He also said that the government would "strengthen national security and stand against all kinds of terrorism" and face the social issue of about a million Syrian refugees in Lebanon.

Lebanon is a diverse country with 18 different sects of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.There are almost 59% Muslims, 39% Christians and the rest 2% is occupied by the Jews.
The main language spoken in Lebanon is Arabic while French and English are spoken fluently.
It is crucial for the Lebanese to maintain their dignity, honor, and reputation. It is an honor for a Lebanese family to have a guest.There are etiquette for giving a gift, dining and for greeting others.
Lebanon is the most fashionable country of the Arab world. Its hard to find the cultural clothing in the modern Lebanon. In the urban areas, people usually wear western outfits but if you go to the country side you might see women in their colorful traditional skirts and men in sherwal (baggy trousers).
The Cultural Clothing
Since the Ottoman's Turks controlled Lebanon for a long time, they introduced variety of foods that are now a part of the Lebanese diet. Some of these food include olive oil, fresh bread, baklava (a sweet pastry dessert), laban (homemade yoghurt), stuffed vegetables, nuts, and lamb.

A variety of Lebanese cuisine.
(Including, meat, vegetables and nuts)
Baklava, a sweet dessert often
served after the meals.
Lebanon was a victim of the civil war for more than ten years. The country is still facing street killing and terrorism.
Moreover, Lebanon is facing air and water pollution. Building of factories and demands of more products causes more air pollution. Lebanon's rivers are polluted with waste which causes higher health risks. The flowing water of Lebanon is not that safe.
World’s first ever law
school was built in the city
of Beirut in Lebanon
It's the one and only
Asian country that has
absolutely no desert.
Beirut is the 10th most
popular shopping
destination in the world.
The first
alphabet was created
in Byblos (a city in Lebanon).
There’s 1 doctor per
10 people in Lebanon.
Whereas, In Europe
and America,there’s
around 1 doctor per
100 people.
According to Christianity, Jesus Christ made his 1st miracle in Sidon, Lebanon
(The miracle of turning water into wine).
Tourist Attractions
Lebanon's pride, Jeita Grotto is the longest cave in Middle East. It's an interconnected limestone cave which is approximately 5.6 miles (9km) long.
The Muhammad Al-Amin Mosque is the heart of Beirut. This mosque was built in October, 2007. The inner beauty of the Mosque makes it an attraction for the tourists.
The Qadisha Valley also called the Holy Valley encompasses one of the oldest Christian monastic settlements. It's surrounded by the Cidar forests of Lebanon.
The National Museum of Beirut is an essential stop for all visitors in the city.
Roaming around in the museum gives you a brief reflection on the country's history.
Mzaar Kferdebian is a skiing resort located on Mount Lebanon. It's one of the most entertaining and scenic mountain resorts in Lebanon. Surrounded with huge cliffs of Mount Lebanon, the resort is worth a visit.
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