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The Effects of Exercise on Depression

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Karissa Price

on 7 April 2011

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Transcript of The Effects of Exercise on Depression

Depression effects an estimated 19 million Americans each year. Clinical depression is a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or frustration interefere with daily living for an extended period of time. To determine the impact exercise has on preventing and treating depressive symptoms. Exercise treatment groups versus control groups
Effects of aerobic versus resistance training
Barriers and challenges $ Guess the annual cost dedicated to treating depression. Over $30 billion! How many people suffering from depression actually receive treatment? 55% Of those, how many experience an alleviation of symptoms? Only 32% These statistics demonstrate a need for alternative treatment of depressive symptoms that is effective, economical, and more accessible. What could fill this need? Exercise NUrsing IMplications encouragement
develop good relationship with patients
understand patient history
expand knowledge of successful exercise-motivating strategies by keeping up on current research Purpose of the Literature Review: This literature review examines: Findings Exercise treatment groups were found to have significantly lower depression scores than control groups after treatment Exercise led to greater reduction in depressive symptoms than did no treatment Exercise treatment groups versus control groups Effects of aerobic versus resistance training Barriers and Challenges Subjects randomized to either a health education control or progressive resistance training. Meta-analysis compared effectiveness of aerobic activities and resistance training in decreasing depressive symptoms. Characteristics of people with depression: "All-or-none" type of thinking. Example: "I can't get myself to the fitness center so I won't do anything until I can." This type of thinking limits progress toward change. Research shows that patients who are depressed "focus primarily on the barriers to exercise, leaving them feeling overwhelmed and with little self-efficacy." A small pilot study of clinically depressed patients found the following:
patients appreciated assistance in being connected to a fitness center
patients admitted initiation was less intimidating once they were connected to and familar with a fitness center Although noncompliance is a major issue among clincally depressed individuals, research has proven exercise treatment to be possible and worthwhile. Those in the resistance training group were found to have significantly reduced depressive symptoms compared to the control group. So what? Found the most effective exercise regimen to be a combination of aerobic and resistance exercises. Those suffering from depression have been found to be less motivated, de-energized, and less active than the general population. With some encouragement, our patients can succeed! References
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