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Branches of the Military
Transcript of Branches of the Military
Noncommissioned Officers (NCO) are bestowed the 1885 cavalry sword. Battle of Midway
June, 1942 Battle of Guadalcanal
Aug. 1942- Feb. 1943 Battle of Iwo Jima
Feb.-Mar. 1945 Battle of Okinawa
Apr.-Jun. 1945 The few, the proud, the Marines Fought entirely by air, the Japanese bombed U.S. warships. The U.S. struck back and bombed 4 major Japanese warships. This allowed soldiers to begin taking islands in the pacific. 11,000 Marines landed on the island and got their first taste of jungle warfare. 2,200 Japanese fled into the jungle. The navy took control of the sea around the island so the remaining Japanese soldiers slipped off the island. From Guadal Canal, the U.S. began their island hopping campaign. Iwo Jima is a tiny island 700 miles off the coast of Japan. For 74 days the U.S. dropped 7,000 tons of bombs and more than 20,000 shells before storming the island. In the end, American forces suffered 25,000 casulties and 27 medals of honor were awarded. 216 Japanese were taken prisoner. Feb. 1945, the Marines landed on the island and ecountered fierce resistance. after 3 days, they advanced 700 yards. 110,000 marines took part and were opposed by 25,000 Japanese. Only 350 miles from Japan, the U.S. brought 1,300 warships and 180,000 soldiers. The Japanese had over 100,000 soldiers ready to fight to the death to defend the island. The U.S. also encountered over 2,000 kamikaze attacks and just as many banzai charges. In June, after 3 months of fierce fighting, 7,200 Japanese defenders were left to surrender and the U.S. had over 50,000 casulties. This last, costly battle gave a clear path to mainland Japan. The Eagle with the spread wings represents our pround nation. The globe represents global presence. The anchor represents the Marine's naval tradition. 1942 1943 1944 1945 Marines Symbol Marine Corps Flag Scarlet and gold were established as the primary colors in 1925. This symbol has been part of the Marine Corps since 1868 but was made official symbol in 1955. The flag is flown at ceremonies and installations. It also hangs in the offices of the President of the United States, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Navy, and the Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Dress Blues The buttons have been on the uniform since 1804, making them the oldest military insignia still in use. The "blood stripe" runs down each trouser leg of the dress blues worn by Noncommissioned Officers, Staff Noncommissioned Officers and Officers. The solid red stripe became part of the uniform in 1849. Today, it serves to honor the memory of fallen comrades. The collar of today’s dress blues reflects the original Marine uniform of the American Revolution, which had a high leather neck to help protect Marines from sword blows. Major Marine operations in the Pacific. Ranks The Marines today are still the first on the scene for any U.S. military support. In times of international crisis, disasters, or conflict the Marines will be there. Marine Sword And their role during World War II Meanwhile in Europe,there were some marines stationed, but not nearly as much as in the Pacific. They partaked in missions in Europe,the Atlantic, North Africa, the Mediterranean and other areas.