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Transcript of Roman Architecture
House One entered an atrium through a long, narrow corridor called the "fauces". Bibliography The atrium was the "public" or "business" center of the house. The atrium has an opening in it roof called the "impluvium", which collects rain water. Types Of Atriums Atrium tuscanicum Atrium corinthium TUSCAN CORINTHIAN TETRASTYLE DISPLUVIATE TESTUDINATE Atrium testudinatum Atrium tetrastylon Atrium displuviatum The roof is supported by beams across the room, without any columns. This is the most common atrium form, found at Pompeii and Herculaneum. It had numerous columns surrounding the impluvium opening. This often served as a second atrium of very large houses. This form was a four-columned atrium that was found in Pompeii. The roof is sloped outward from the impluvium toward the street, rather than vice versa as other atria were built. E.g. Julia Felix at Pompeii E.g. Casa delle Nozze d'Argento, the Casa dei Ceii, and the Casa della Grata Metallica, all at Pompeii. E.g. Casa del Menandro and Casa della Fontana Grande at Pompeii E.g. Casa dei Vetti and Casa di Sallustiio at Pompeii and Casa Sannitica at Herculaneum A central room roofed over without an opening. This form of atrium relied on windows for light. This was the oldest atrium form and used in smaller, simpler, and humbler houses. E.g. Casa del Chirurgio Dining Room A room where the master received visitors and clients Small rooms for personal uses of various kinds, such as sleeping. A formal garden in more elegant houses, which contained columns. Amphitheaters It is designed like two Roman theater buildings placed facing each other, creating a complete circle. It was a tradition to hold gladiator games in the amphitheater. The first permanent stone amphitheater was built by Statilius Taurus in 29 B.C., in the southern Campus Martius near the Capitoline Hill. It was destroyed by the fire of Nero in 64 A.D. The Colosseum is known as the Flavian amphitheater. The architecture of the amphitheater is known for its labyrinthine structure, with its complex system of vaulted ramps and stairways. Also, a maze of passageways and lifts ran below the arena and served decorative purposes. The amphitheater became the symbol of the "Eternal City" (Rome) during the Roman Empire. Basilicas The basilica served as an office and records archive. The basilica and the senate house were the two essential buildings for government, law, and administration in every Roman town.
The basilica was simply
a roofed rectangular hall with
an internal row of columns. Treasury Arches And Fountains Baths Circuses and Stadiums Architectura Romae Hadrian's Wall Flavian Amphitheater Leptis Magna a bustling port city now ruins in the outskirts of Tripoli, Lybia, show that the region was once one of the largest and busiest port cities in the Roman empire. Question II Question III Question IV The first basilica that was known in Rome was the Basilica Porcia, built by Cato in 184 B.C. Roman Law For example, arches were built in 196 B.C. to commemerate Livy's triumph around Capitoline Hill. Other arches, such as the Arch of Drusus on the Appian Way, is merely for decorative purposes Arches were erected for purposes of ceremony,memory and propaganda by official bodies. The city became a part of the Roman Empire (the province of Africa) in 46 BCE. Emperor Septimus Severus was born and raised in this city THESIS Arches were a major element in the decoration of the main streets and roads of the city. They became official landmarks in Imperial Rome. Another major element in the appearance of the city was the fountains. Fountains usually marked the ending or collection point of an aqueduct line, which dispersed the water supply throughout the neighborhood. Gigantic fountains were usually part of important monuments of official architecture. To most of the Romans, bathing was a public act. The use of Greek heating and water distribution systems, the Romans were able to create luxurious, hygienic baths. http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2012/09/roman-walls/curry-text
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/colosseum_01.shtml The city of Leptis Magna Built under the rule of Vespasian between the years 69 and 79 AD, the Flavian Amphitheater was a center of entertainment Hadrian's Wall established a final northern border for the massive Roman Empire Built by the Emperor Hardrian in