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Parts of Speech--Grammar Review
Transcript of Parts of Speech--Grammar Review
The Parts of Speech
is a person, place, thing, or idea
is an action or a state of being.
Answer the questions:
describes or modifies
, or other
takes the place of a noun.
Links nouns, pronouns, and phrases to other parts of a sentence.
boy, girl, coach, scientist, Carlos, President Obama, ...Justin Bieber.
zoo, school, hospital, the mountains, the beach, outer space, American Airlines Center, the White House
swim, learn, ask, smile
describe an action--for example:
do, make, run, write
1-Link the Subject to the Predicate
2-Help another Verb
am, is, are, was, were
should, could, might, may
Here, "is" links Tanya and doctor.
Tanya = doctor.
"chasing" needs help!
waiter lost his temper with the customers.
move made Shaquille O'Neal look
response to the
crowd impressed reporters.
space ship lit up the sky with a
flame as it crashed into the earth
Connect words, phrases, and clauses within a sentence.
3 Types: Coordinating, Subordinating, and Correlative
Answer the questions When? Where? Why? How?
on his math test.
ate his bowl of cereal.
coming late to class.
slips through the door and sits down.
Emma, the student
late to class,
slips through the door.
Emma, the student
late to class, slips
through the door and sits down.
Adjective + ly = adverb
cat, basketball, house, pencil, nuclear reactor, aircraft carrier, wind
love, happiness, loyalty, friendship, experience
Often, nouns have
Nouns can be concrete or abstract.
Concrete: a flower, a bowl, the wind
(Think 5 Senses)
Abstract: happiness, strength, an idea
(usually an idea, not a person, place, or thing)
I, you, he, she, it, we, they
me, him, her, our, your, them, their
John laughed at Cindy.
Batman flew down from the rooftops.
flew down from the rooftops.
I don't want
Then here, take
isn't what I want either!
no one, nothing
just knocked on the door.
I need to tell you
I robbed was unguarded.
prefers soccer over basketball, stayed home to watch the match on TV.
The existence of aliens,
scientists dispute, remains undocumented.
Almost always combined with other words to make a "prepositional phrase."
up, to, through, between, around
near, by, beyond, below, behind
Prepositions are always followed by a noun or a pronoun, which is called the OBJECT of the preposition.
A verb CANNOT be the object of the preposition.
The old fence between the two houses near the lake ran along the edge of the woods until the shoreline.
How many prepositions are there?
Find the prepositions and the object of each.
Write a sentence which adds prep. phrases to the sentence "I ran."
Example with sentence "He laughs":
In the movie theater, in the silver light of the large screen, he laughs in a uproarious way at the joke of the comedian in the film.
Add AS MANY Prep. Phrases as you can!
The candle of the priest's vigil burns each night in the window.
The trees of the forest resemble tall, silent figures in the night.
In the hallway, the HAP student slips on a banana peel which lay in the middle of the newly polished floor.
Prep. Phrase = In the hallway
Subject (noun) = the HAP student
Verb = slips
Prep. Phrase = on a banana peel
Relative Pronoun = which
Verb = lay
Prep. Phrase = in the middle
Prep. Phrase = of the newly polished floor
The HAP student slips carelessly on the banana peel in the middle of the hall.
Prep. Phrases function in two ways:
like adjectives (which one, what kind?)
like adverbs (when, where, why, how?)
Write a sentence of your own, which has this structure, but is about something else.
The topic of your new sentence:
Option 1: Something funny that has happened during HAP
Option 2: LeBron James (love him or hate him!)
"Coordinating" Conjunctions connect two independent clauses.
Coordinating = think 2 INDEPENDENT Clauses
John threw the ball and Andre caught it.
I wanted to go but my mom wouldn't let me.
He hesitated, for he was unsure about what to say.
The dog ran to the park or it hid somewhere else.
Words like because, if, although, when, since
Connect a DEPENDENT clause to an INDEPENDENT one.
Because you were late, you missed a lot of the movie.
Karl sent out the text message when he arrived.
Although Mr. Berry likes sports, he's sure not very good at them.
While the guppy ate his little snack, the shark eyed him hungrily.
Can join IND. clauses, DEP. clauses, and phrases:
Can only join DEP. clauses and phrases:
Not only did Christian eat his lunch, but he also enjoyed it. Mm-mm.
Either you listen to your coach or you sit on the bench--your choice.
Neither his watch nor the clock on the wall gave the correct time.
She runs both track and cross-country.
He's not a hero but a fake.
Whether Darth Maul kills me or not, he's one ugly guy.
Parts of Speech.
How many can you name?
How many can you define?