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Enlightenment

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by

Karen Ng

on 6 May 2015

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Transcript of Enlightenment

What Was The Enlightenment?
Philosophers
and Ideas
The Enlightenment In France
Background
the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment was a period of time that existed in France that can be shown in various stages of Regency; the reign of Louis XV, Louis XVI and the French Revolution.
In France, there was a move for change in authority, the people tried to get rid of the Monarchy.
Everyone started questioning the hierarchy and the entire social system of their monarchy.
Impact
The Enlightenment was a philosophical, intellectual, and cultural movement during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
The Enlightenment focused on logic, reason, and freedom instead of superstitions and false faith.

Before the Enlightenment, religion in Europe was the center of life.
Monarchy was the choice of government that many places used.
Enlightenment thinkers brought new ideas up and changed Europe forever.
Locke gave people the right to change a government that did not protect natural rights of life, liberty and property.
People began to question the existence of God and doubt the divinity of Christ.
This is where people decided to separate power among executive, legislative, judicial branches of government.
The old ways were thought of as a wretched God and obey to absolute power.
Conclusion
Catholic Church in Europe - Eighteenth Century
John Locke (1632-1704)
Enlightenment thinker sharing his thoughts among others.
The Role the Enlightenment Played
Charles Louis Montesquieu (1689-1755)
Jean Jacques Rousseau
(1712-1778)
governments power is limited
people have natural rights

the powers of government should be separated into separate branches

governments should express the will of the people
people enter into a contract with their government,
Voltaire (1694-1778)
Thomas Hobbs (1588-1679)
advocated for freedom of religion
advocated for freedom of expression
advocated for separation of church and state
life is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.
social contract is used to gain collective security
strong authority government
The Enlightenment was the time where many philosophers created new ideas that changed the "old world" in political, social, religious, and many other categories. This was the origin of today's world and the ideas inside of it. It created free-thinking ideas, a protecting government, and much more.
Encyclopedia of the age of the enlightenment
By Caroline, Sabrina, Sarah, and Karen
Full transcript