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Introduction to The Odyssey
Transcript of Introduction to The Odyssey
Lived around 700 B.C
Known as the greatest of ancient Greek poets
Known for writing poems such as:
The Iliad and The Odyssey
His works are known to be the oldest work of Western literature to be found
His work has influenced many writers
His style is so unique that not even other famous writers of epics (Virgil, Dante & Milton) can reproduce his style
Because he lived so long ago, we actually don't know any clear facts about Homer Author: Homer The Odyssey is a journey in which takes place all around the area of Greece. Geography The Trojan War Background/History The Odyssey begins with the story of Odysseus and his goal to return home after the Trojan war has ended. It has been 10 years since he's been home to his wife, Penelope, and his son, Telemachus. It will take Odysseus another 10 years to get home. Along the way he encounters many obstacles, which includes getting in trouble with the gods and also being possessed. We begin the story in the middle of one of these obstacles. Epic poetry cont'd Epic poetry-long narrative poetry about the deeds of heroes and gods
Supernatural forces History of Epics The word epic comes from the ancient greek word meaning story or poem. Greeks would create epic poetry in order to preserve myths and legends about their culture and to pass down certain values to other generations. Epic poetry came from oral tradition since there was no way to mass produce printed copies of stories, they were told out loud. For this reason, these stories are called poetry since the easiest way to memorize the story was through using rhymes. And so it is said that most ancient poems were actually meant to be heard and not read. Not this Homer This Homer According to Greek mythology, the Trojan war was started after Paris, the son of the king of Troy, ran off with Helen, the queen of Sparta. This caused the Greek and Trojans to begin a war which lasted 10 years.
Take a look at this five minute video to find out what happened during the war: Looking at the title: Odyssey What does odyssey mean? Odyssey-epic voyage The Odyssey is a little difficult to understand at first, just like Shakespearean language. This is so because it is written in an Ancient Greek dialect. Before reading the Odyssey Like most epic poems, the Odyssey begins in what is called in media res.
This is Latin for, in the middle. This refers to how the story begins. The story does not have an exposition, it begins in the middle of the action. In this case, The Odyssey begins 10 years after the Trojan war.
Every epic begins with the poet asking the Muses (goddesses) for inspiration on how to tell his story. The poet wants their divine powers to help him tell the story of his epic hero.
The epic hero in this story being Odysseus. Epic Hero An epic hero is the main character of an epic. The reason they are knowon as epic heroes is because they are not like ordinary people. Epic heroes usually excels in strength, a certain skill, and courage. An epic hero values honor and he usually has someone helping and guiding him along his journey. Throughout his journey, the epic hero will accept many challenges and will also create problems that will keep him from his goal. No matter what though, the epic hero always achieves his goal at the end of the story. When you are done, on the back of your paper, I want you to come up with 5 movies that could be considered epics.