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Tropical and freshwater fish

Facts about White cloud mountain minnows, gold fish, tetras, bettas,and barbs
by

Jen Southall

on 25 October 2013

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Transcript of Tropical and freshwater fish

Popular and exotic
Tropical and Cold water fish

Tiger barbs
Tiger barbs are known as fin-shredders because they have a nasty habit of biting fins. It is wise not to keep them with bettas, discus fish and angel fish.

Neon tetras
Neon tetras are very similar to White cloud mountain minnows, apart from they aren't as easy to keep and are tropical fish. Their maximum size is 2.2 cm and they prefer water ph 5.0 to 7.0 and a temperature of 20 to 26 degrees.
White Cloud Mountain minnows
The White Cloud Mountain Minnow,
Tanichthys albonubes
, was discovered on the White Cloud Mountain in Southern China by Tan, a Boy Scout leader, in about 1930. The Generic name,
Tanichthys
, means 'Tan's fish' and the specific name,
albonubes
means 'White Cloud'.
Betta fish
Most known by its other name, the Siamese fighting fish, the Betta is a beautiful fish but males must be kept by themselves because they
are highly territorial. Although,
you can keep them with
females, plain-colored fish and aquatic animals like
shrimp.
Tinfoil barbs
Tin foil barbs, named for their shiny silver scales, are a popular, fast-growing tropical fish with colorful fins and tail. They can reach up to 14 to 16 inches and live in shoals.
Cherry barbs
The Cherry Barb is a more slender fish than other Barbs. The main body is silver/black with a golden, horizontal stripe following the lateral line. During spawning, the male will turn bright cherry red, which explains their name. In captivity they are fed a diet of flake, frozen and freeze-dried foods. They reach a maximum size of 2 inches and prefer a water temperature of 22 to 28 degrees. They are peaceful schooling fish and are ideal for beginners.
Gouramis

All Gourami species are tropical fish belonging to the Labyrinth family. All Gourami species originate from Africa and Asia, and there are approximately 12 different species frequently kept in aquariums today. Many of the Gourami species can be found in several different colour variations.Gouramis will do well in water temperatures around 24 – 26 degrees C just like Bettas.

The White Cloud Mountain Minnow is practically extinct in its native habitat. It was believed to be extinct for some years, but apparently a native population of this fish was discovered on Hainan Island, well away from the White Cloud Mountain.
In captivity, White Cloud mountain minnows prefer cool water of about 16-26 degrees. There are also hybrids like
Meteor Minnows
and
Golden WCMM's.
They are very
easy to keep,
even easier
than gold
fish but most
me kept in
shoals.
The Betta,
Betta splendens,
was first discovered in Southeast Asia, making its home in rice paddies, drainage ditches and the warm flood plains of the region. It became accustomed to frequent storm flooding and devastating droughts, and adapted into a true labyrinth fish. A labyrinth fish has the unique ability to breathe oxygen directly from the air and bettas can survive for short periods out of water.
Gold fish
Goldfish,
Carassius auratus auratus
, are the most popular cold water and perhaps most popular of all fish.
Congo tetra
The Congo tetra belongs to the genus
Micralestes
within the family
Characidae.
The scientific name for this fish is
Micralestes interruptus.

Rummy nose
tetra
Rummy nose tetras are a great addition to a fish tank because they have a ingenious talent. If their heads are bright red it means that the water quality in the tank is perfect. If their heads are dull, there is a problem in your tank.
Tiger barbs are considered to be hardy and long lived aquarium fish as long as their demands are met. The ph of the tank should be 6.5 to 7.5 and the temperature 20 to 27 degrees. Tiger barbs are not fussy eaters and can be offered various foods including high quality tropical flakes, veggie flakes, brine shrimp, sinking granules, algae wafers, bloodworms, beefheart, and small pelleted foods.
In their natural habitat, Tiger barbs live in areas of Southeast Asia. They are schooling fish and are a type of
cyprinid.
Tinfoil barbs are also known for jumping out of tanks, so they must be kept in an aquarium with a lid or cover. They have also been known to be fin-nippers and may try eating small fish. They have been known to kill everything in a tank, but this does not mean they have to be kept by themselves.
Its species are native to
Brunei Darsm, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. It lives in large rivers as well as in streams, ditches
and man-made canals. Tinfoil barbs will also enter flooded fields.
There are different types of goldfish (- Common goldfish, Shubunkin, Comet, Fantail, Ryukin, Orando, Pearl-scale, Telescope Eye, Black Moor, Panda Moore, Bubble-eye and Celestial Eye Goldfish.
Along with goldfish, there is only three types of cold water fish- White cloud mountain minnows and their hybrids, and Weather loaches and their hybrid golden loaches.
It is cruel to keep a goldfish in a small bowl. They are very messy and need a tank with good filtration. They are not a great beginner fish so don't listen to people who say otherwise.
Over 1.5 million Neon tetras are imported to the United States alone each month. It can be tricky to breed in captivity for hobby aquarists, but professional breeders can produce immense quantities of Neon tetra. If you purchase Neon tetras in the United States, the chance is that they come from Thailand, Singapore or Hong Kong. Wild caught Neon tetras are from Brazil, Colombia and Peru.
It can be a little bit jumpy when kept in aquariums, but you can make your Congo tetra feel safe and secure by decorating the aquarium wisely and with hidey holes. Keep at least six Congo tetra together since this is a schooling fish, like most tetras. A male Congo tetra can grow up to 3.5 inches, while a female usually stay around 2.5 inches.
Rummy nose tetras originate from South America and in captivity they need a minimum Tank Size of 10 gallons. They are easy and peaceful fish that live in shoals of six or more.
Water conditions need to be 22 to 25 degrees and pH 5.5 to 7. They are in the family
Characidae
.
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