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Constitutional Goals and Principles
Transcript of Constitutional Goals and Principles
We the People of the United States in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity do ordain and establish this constitution for the United States of America.
I. Popular Sovereignty
The people hold the ultimate authority
A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them.
Who are our elected officials to Congress?
II. Limited Government
Framers wanted to guard against tyranny
Government is limited to the power given them in the Constitution.
The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed
The division of power between State and National Governments
Some powers are shared
The National Government has the “supreme power”
IV. Separation of Powers
No one holds “too much” power
Legislative branch makes the laws
Executive branch carries out the laws
Judicial branch interprets the laws
Senate and House of Representatives
Make our laws
Establish Post Offices and Roads
Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation
House of Representatives
The President of the United States
President’s Cabinet – Group of official advisors - Can you name any? (15 departments)
President’s Czars – Group of unofficial advisors (32)
President’s Chief of Staff
Joint Chiefs - Group of military advisors
President's 5 Roles
Chief Executive Chief Diplomat
Commander in Chief Chief of State
Supreme Court and other Federal Courts
Preserve and protect the rights guaranteed by the Constitution
Considers cases involving national laws
Declares laws and acts “unconstitutional”
1st Hispanic Supreme Court Justice
v. Checks and Balances
Prevents the abuse of power in government
Each branch can check each other branch
Propose laws to Congress
Veto laws made by Congress
Negotiate foreign treaties
Appoint federal judges
Grant pardons to federal offenders
Override president’s veto
Confirm executive appointments
Impeach federal officers and judges
Create and dissolve lower federal courts
Declare executive acts unconstitutional
Declare laws unconstitutional
Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
The Supreme Court holds the final check
Citizens vote for representatives to make laws for us.
Indiana’s choices: Senate - Joe Donnelly, Dan Coats House - Peter Visclosky, Jackie Walorski, Marlin Stutzman, Todd Rokita, Susan Brooks, Luke Messer, Andre Carson, Larry Bucshon, Todd Young
Voting for President
A person running for President needs 270 votes in the electoral college to win.
You can win by getting the 11 biggest states
The # of electors per state is determined by the # of Senators and # of House members.
“Winner Take All” system (except in Maine and Nebraska)
You can win the popular vote but lose electorally 2000 Bush v Gore, 1888 Harrison v Cleveland, 1876 Hayes v Tilden, 1824 Adams v Jackson
VII. Individual Rights
John Roberts (2005)
President W. Bush
Elana Kagan (2010)
Sam Alito (2006)
President W. Bush
Antonin Scalia (1986)
Anthony Kennedy (1988)
President H.W. Bush
Clarence Thomas (1981)
Stephen Breyer (1994)
Sonia Sotomayor (2009)
Protected by the Bill of Rights
First 10 Amendments to the US Constitution
1-4 Personal freedoms
5-8 Rights of the accused
9-10 Limit federal power