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Tradisi Semiotik Budaya dan Masyarakat

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by

chub saeed

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Tradisi Semiotik Budaya dan Masyarakat

Relativitas Linguistik Hipotesis pertama adalah linguistic relativity hypothesis yang menyatakan bahwa perbedaan struktur bahasa secara umum parallel dengan perbedaan kognitif non bahasa (nonlinguistic cognitive). Perbedaan bahasa menyebabkan perbedaan pikiran orang yang menggunakan bahasa tersebut.
Hipotesis kedua adalah linguistic determinism yang menyatakan bahwa struktur bahasa mempengaruhi cara individu mempersepsi dan menalar dunia perceptual. Dengan kata lain, struktur kognisi manusia ditentukan oleh kategori dan struktur yang sudah ada dalam bahasa (Widhiarso, 2005). Hubungan Bahasa dan Pikiran Bahasa mempengaruhi pikiran
Pikiran mempengaruhi bahasa
Bahasa dan pikiran saling mempengaruhi
Kode-kode Meluas dan Kode-kode Terbatas Elaborated Codes
Middle Classes
Grammatically Complex
Varied Vocabulary
Complex sentence structure
Careful use of adjectives and adverbs
High-level conceptualization
Logical
Use of qualifications
Users aware of codes
Studi Bernstein They're playing football and he kicks it and it goes through there. It breaks the window and they're looking at it and he comes out and shouts at them because they've broken it so they run away and then she looks out and she tells them off“
"Three boys are playing football and one boy kicks the ball and it goes through the window. The ball breaks the window and the boys are looking at it and a man comes out and shouts at them because they've broken the window so they run away and then that lady looks out of her window and she tells the boys off“ (Atherton, 2011). Tradisi Semiotik Budaya dan Masyarakat Bahasa vs
pikiran? Restricted Codes
Working classes
Grammatically simple
Uniform vocabulary
Short, repetitious sentence structure
Little use of adjectives and adverbs
Low-level conceptualization
Emotional
Little use of qualifications
Users unaware of code
Kode Meluas membahasakan sebuah kata dengan lebih luas karena itu merupakan sebuah kebutuhan. Namun, tidak semua orang dapat mengerti apa yang telah dibahasakan. Kode Terbatas bekerja lebih baik dari Kode Meluas di dalam situasi dimana terdapat banyak pengetahuan bersama dan dibagikan di antara seluruh kelompok pembicara. Dalam keadaan ini, Kode Terbatas bersifat ekonomis dan kaya, menyampaikan sejumlah besar makna dengan sedikit kata.
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