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WWII & Cold War Scavenger Hunt
Transcript of WWII & Cold War Scavenger Hunt
Axis- Fascist foreign terms
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the president during World War II. He was loved by the United States people; he set up programs to help the struggling people during the depression and tried to keep the United States out of the war but was eventually forced to enter it when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Rose to power in Germany during the 1920s and early 1930s. Failing to take power by force in 1923, he eventually won power by democratic means. Once in power, he eliminated all opposition and launched an ambitious program of world domination and elimination of the Jews, paralleling ideas he advanced in his book, Mein Kampf. His "1,000 Year Reich" barely lasted 12 years and he died a broken and defeated man.
Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. He ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign. After Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) died, Stalin outmaneuvered his rivals for control of the party. Stalin aligned with the United States and Britain in World War II (1939-1945) but afterward engaged in an increasingly tense relationship with the West known as the Cold War (1946-1991).
Benito Mussolini (1883-1945). In May 1938, Mussolini promised to fight alongside Adolf Hitler in any war against the democracies of the world. His armies, however, were defeated quickly by Allied forces. Italian resistance to his dictatorship ultimately led to his fall from power and to his death; Mussolini was overthrown in 1943, and in April 1945, Italian insurgents captured the ex-dictator, murdered him, and mutilated his body—a disgraceful end for a man who considered himself to be the savior of the Italian nation.
Neville Chamberlain was Prime Minister of Great Britain in September 1939 as Europe descended into World War Two after the failure of appeasement in the late 1930's. Chamberlain paid a political price for the failure of Britain in Norway in the spring of 1940 and resigned as Prime Minister to be succeeded by Winston Churchill. He died shortly afterwords.
Winston Churchill was a legendary orator, a prolific writer, an earnest artist, and a long-term British statesman. Yet Churchill, who twice served the as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, is best remembered as the tenacious and forthright war leader that led his country against the seemingly undefeatable Nazis during World War II. His leadership helped Britain to stand strong against Hitler and the Germans, even when they were the last country left fighting.
Cuban leader Fidel Castro (1926-) established the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere after leading an overthrow of the military dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1959. During that time, Castro’s regime was successful in reducing illiteracy, stamping out racism and improving public health care, but was widely criticized for stifling economic and political freedoms. Castro’s Cuba also had a highly antagonistic relationship with the United States–most notably resulting in the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Kwame Nkrumah, (born Sept. 1909, Nkroful, Gold Coast [now Ghana]—died April 27, 1972, Bucharest, Rom.), Ghanaian nationalist leader who led the Gold Coast’s drive for independence from Britain and presided over its emergence as the new nation of Ghana. He headed the country from independence in 1957 until he was overthrown by a coup in 1966.
World War 2 mostly occurred because of the rise of fascism in Europe. The fascists were obsessed with eliminating the Jews, Communists, and anything else they deemed unworthy.
This term is important because it shows the hostility toward or discrimination against Jews as a religious, ethnic, or racial group.
Third Reich refers to Nazi Germany under Hitler.
Blitzkrieg, or Lightning Wars, was the idea that Hitler would use the strength of Germany's army to invade and bombard the country's capital until it surrendered.
The Tripartite Pact was signed between Italy, Germany and Japan on 27 September 1940. It was an anti American alliance, stating that each country would aid any of the others that was attacked by the USA.
The Holocaust provides one of the most effective subjects for examining basic moral issues. A structured inquiry into this history yields critical lessons for an investigation into human behavior.
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. Spreads influence.
Territory believed especially by Nazis to be necessary for national existence or economic self-sufficiency
A member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party. They changed the world dramatically and taught the world to stand up for what they believe was morally right.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the German Wehrmacht during World War II. The role of the Air Force in any military organization is to control the air, bomb targets and protect Germany from the air forces of the enemy.
Nuremberg Laws of 1955
The Nuremberg Laws, as they became known, did not define a "Jew" as someone with particular religious beliefs. Instead, anyone who had three or four Jewish grandparents was defined as a Jew, regardless of whether that individual identified himself or herself as a Jew or belonged to the Jewish religious community
The Nazi program of annihilating the Jews of Europe during the Third Reich. This caused the genocide of the jewish people.
Of or relating to a political regime based on subordination of the individual to the state and strict control of all aspects of the life and productive capacity of the nation especially by coercive measures (as censorship and terrorism). This is how the Nazi government ran the country.
The deliberate killing of people who belong to a particular racial, political, or cultural group. This lead to the killing of many jewish people.
In WW2, Adolf Hitler and his Nazi party attempted to create a so-called master race known as the Aryan race. He considered Aryans to be blonde-haired, blue-eyed Northern Europeans. Although the term originally applied to anyone who spoke an Indo-European language, the Aryan race took on narrower connotations during and after WW2 as Hitler's philosophy became known to the world.
The swastika is an extremely powerful symbol. The Nazis used it to murder millions of people, but for centuries it had positive meanings. Until the Nazis used this symbol, the swastika was used by many cultures throughout the past 3,000 years to represent life, sun, power, strength, and good luck.
The real signficance of the Kristallnacht was that it marked a huge escalation of Nazi antisemitism. It was the first time that large numbers of Jews were subjected to widespread physical violence and murdered in Nazi Germany - and sent to concentration camps in large numbers, simply for being Jews. It made it very clear to the German Jews were not physically safe in Germany.
A Japanese pilot trained in World War II to make a suicidal crash attack, especially upon a ship. This was a term many Americans feared during WWII.
Suicide or any suicidal action or a self-destructive act to gain honor back.
Propaganda played a key role in WWII in he sense that it had the ability to mobilize a whole nation to fight a war which it would not otherwise have considered to fight.
Harry S. Truman
He was the 33 president of the United States. Under his command the U.S dropped two atomic bombs.The first one was used in warfare on Hiroshima and Negasaki, Japan, ending the war.
He was the prime minister of Japan, when the attack of Pearl Harbor happened. He was executed for his part in leading Japan to WW2.
He was the nationalist chinese leader. He was an allied commander in China during WW2. He fought a long civil war with communists under Mao, lost, and fled to Taiwan with his army and became president until his death.
He was an emperor of Japan from 1926 until his death in 1989. After Japan's surrender during WW2. He had no real power, and the country was run by prime ministers and advisers, against whom he was helpless to contradict.
He was considered one of the most significant communist figures during the Cold War. He was a communist leader and founder of the people's republic of China.
He was the U.S track and field gold-medalist, who won 4 gold metals. His victory is often noted because Adolf Hitler had intended to showcase the superiority of his Aryan ideals.
He was a politician and briefly the leader fo the Czech. He attempted to reform the communist regime during the Prague Springs.
He led the soviet union during the Cold War.He instigated the Cuban missile crisis by placing nuclear weapons 90 miles from Florida.
The joint declaration of president Roosevelt and prime minister Churchill resulting from a conference at sea, setting forth the peace aims their governments for the period following WW2.
A zone of heavy duty defensive fortifications erected by France along its eastern border in the years proceeding he war
A device used for determining the presence and location of an object.
To bring to a state of peace. Great Britain used this method for dealing with Hitler before the war.
The phrase given to the strategy employed by the United States to gain military bases and secure the many small islands of the pacific.
A U.S government research that produced the first atomic bombs.
"Rosie the Riveter"
An icon of WW2 and a symbol of feminine capability.
It allowed the U.S to assist the nations that were fighting the Axis powers.
They were camps throughout the U.S during WW2, that Japanese Americans were sent to
It was the attempt by many in the U.S to avoid involvement in foreign affairs.
Rationing occurred during WW2 due to a variety of shortages that occurred because of the amount of supplies needed to fight the war.
The RAF was founded in April 1918. It has always been known as the 'junior service' because it was the last to be formed of the three services.The RAF fought in every major theater of the Second World War
After the Cold War ended, there was a rapid increase in the number of peacekeeping operations.
A foreign policy strategy followed by the United States during the cold War.
It was a conference during which U.S, Russia, and France agreed on the splitting of central Europe.
They were a series of military tribunals, held by the Allied forces of WW2, most notable for the persecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany.
A neutral zone or area between two potentially hostile nations, designed to prevent any overt acts of aggression.
The Cold War was in full swing, as the Soviet Union was rising to power, capturing satellite countries. In response to this, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed.
The Allies would govern Germany through four occupation zones, one for each of the Four Powers--the United States, Britain, France, and the Soviet Union.
The formation of the independent trade union ' Solidarity' was in response to the actions of the Communist government in raising prices for basic goods
Growing out of post-World War II tensions between the two nations, the Cold War rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union that lasted for much of the second half of the 20th century resulted in mutual suspicions, heightened tensions and a series of international incidents that brought the world’s superpowers to the brink of disaster.
The Soviet Union and seven of its European satellites sign a treaty establishing the Warsaw Pact, a mutual defense organization that put the Soviets in command of the armed forces of the member states.
The Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
The Marshall Plan generated a resurgence of European industrialization and brought extensive investment into the region. It was also a stimulant to the U.S. economy by establishing markets for American goods.
The nuclear arms race was central to the Cold War. Many feared where the Cold War was going with the belief that the more nuclear weapons you had, the more powerful you were
Instead of retreating from West Berlin, however, the U.S. and its allies decided to supply their sectors of the city from the air. This effort, known as the “Berlin Airlift,” lasted for more than a year and carried more than 2.3 million tons of cargo into West Berlin.
The Truman Doctrine was an international relations policy set forth by the U.S. President Harry Truman in a speech on March 12, 1947.
"An iron curtain has descended across the continent"
This quote was said by Winston Churchill, about the soviet dominated Eastern Europe. It referred to the Berlin Wall.
"Cuba does not mean to get involved in the Cold War"
This quote was given by Fidel Castro, after it was said that there was nuclear missile sites in Cuba.
"[Our country will be] turning out long-range missiles like sausages."
Nikita Khrushchev said this after hearing about the Nuclear weapons in Cuba.
"I believe it is peace in our time." - Neville Chamberlain
was about the Munich agreement which gave the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia to Adolf Hitler in an attempt to satisfy his desire for Lebensraum for Germany.
"No Mr. President, is there anything we can do for you?"- Eleanor Roosevelt
When President Roosevelt died, Vice President Harry S. Truman was sworn in as President almost immediately, whereupon he went to the White House to offer his condolences to Roosevelt’s widow. Upon seeing her, he said, "Mrs. Roosevelt, is there anything we can do for you?" Her reply was, "No, Mr. President, is there anything WE can do for YOU. You are the one in trouble now."
"December 7, 194... a date which will live in infamy."- Franklin D Roosevelt
He was talking about the Empire of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor Naval Base in Hawaii which happened the day before he gave this speech.
12. Soviet union
3. English Channel
5. Normandy France
6. Godesberg Germany
8. Pearl Harbor
15. Eastern Europe
17. North Korea
20. The Congo