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Phase 2: Remember the Titans

University of Central Missouri, COMM 5330
by

Candice Davis

on 1 May 2014

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Transcript of Phase 2: Remember the Titans

Group Project
Phase 2:
Remember the Titans

Introduction
References
By Lance Beckwith, Micaela Church, Candice Davis, Kayla Monahan, and Heather Schuster
University of Central Missouri

Different situations demonstrate leadership styles and communication struggles.
The movie, Remember the Titans, depicts communication barriers and problems contributed by the characters and their community.

Diversity can be a wonderful teacher, and this movie presents lessons in understanding how to lead a group full of diversity.
Characters
Coach Herman Boone
Coach Bill Yoast
Gerry Bertier
Julius Cambell
Louie Lastik
Petey Jones
Alan Bosley
Ray Budds
Discussion
of Goals
Play football
Work together
Overcome racial tensions
Maintain group cohesion
Demonstrate cohesion by winning games
Followers
Leaders
Analysis of Problems
Overall problems
Pressure from newly integrated community
Racist attitudes
Anger
Leadership problems
Disrupt each other
Lack of trust
Disrespect of mutual authority
Different leadership styles
Team problems
Lack of trust
Learning about each other
"Attitude reflects leadership"
Lack of cohesion
Loyalty to team or community members?

Plan Proposal
The following concepts are included within our proposed plan to address the communications needs of the leadership and team members depicted in the film:
Appropriate use of Power
Dissemination of Roles and Leadership
Conflict Management
Listening
Establishment of group cohesion
Group Decision Making
Communication Styles
Appropriate use of Power
Dissemination of Roles and Leadership
Conflict Management
5 Steps to Improve Listening
Group Decision Making
Communication Styles
Conclusion
Establishment of Group Cohesion
Active listening
Leadership style
Power of Praise
Manage the Conflict
David Johnson and Roger Johnson in 1979
We adopt an initial perspective towards a problem based on our personal experiences and perceptions.
The process of persuading others to agree with us strengthens our belief that we are right.
When confronted with competing viewpoints, we begin to doubt our rationale.
This doubt causes us to seek more information and build a better perspective, because we want to be confident with our choice.
This search for a fuller perspective leads to better overall decision making.

Alex F. Osborne (1957)
Each person shares as many ideas as can to come up with a solution

Brainstorming
Decisions are made by individuals rather than the group; by utilizing group decision making skills, the Titans could achieve greater success without as much struggle.
Groups fail or succeed based on based on four factors:
• Informational resources
• Quality of effort
• Quality of thinking
• Reasoning system

“The ability of a group to gather and retain a wide range of information is the single most important determinant of high-quality decision making” (Randy et al., 2003, p. 126).
The Titans are greatly influenced by their community, leading to poor decisions by coaches and players alike. The functional perspective of group decision making shows that if groups cannot positively interact and complete tasks, they are much less likely to solve a problem or make a good decision. The Titans, however, are not well informed about their teammates and they are not motivated to make the best decision for the team.
The Titans need:
• Access to information, such as success stories of other integrated communities
• A strong desire to see their team succeed
• An ability to listen and community effectively

Coach Boone’s authoritarian leadership style shuts down group communication.
While this leadership style may have been necessary in the beginning, it is not helping the Titans grow.
A more democratic leadership style would allow for group decision making within the Titans. There are several group decision making strategies that could help the Titans
The Titans need to focus on:
Collaborating and compromising instead of avoiding their problem or competing against each other
Discussing ideas to gain support of the team instead of using direct confrontation
Utilizing tag-team argument to work together for a common good
Being open to new information and listening to new ideas and suggestions
Using functional communication theory to develop sub sections of the group to assist the overall group in making better decisions
Listening is helpful for all parties in a group to understand one another.
Conflict can occur because parties misunderstood information
Listening can increase group satisfaction and cohesion

Actively watch and hear the speakers
Not always verbal
When leaving for camp, the buses were segregated by choice
Coach Boone paid attention and rearranged the buses

Show
You are
listening
Nonverbal communication is key.
When Coach Boone asks Louie about his roommate he nods his head, asks questions and responds.

French and Raven's 5 Bases of Power: Coercive, Reward, Legitimate, Referent, Expert, Informational
School Board
Misuse of power:
Appointing a new head coach over their current coach solely because of his race
Threatened to fire Coach Boone if one game was lost in the season
Suggested development of power:
Make future hiring and firing decisions based on qualifications, skill set and continued performance patterns, not on political pressures
Coach Boone
Misuse of power:
Makes decisions without consulting other coaches.
"I am the law."



Holds legitimate, coercive and reward power (over the team)
Suggested development of power:
He should employ his expert power to develop respect.
Use his legitimate power to delegate tasks and show his trust in the other coaches
Develop referent power by building relationships with the team and other coaches

By learning to recognize the bases of power that they have, both coaches can work to make the most of their skill set to improve the over all function of the team. They can also learn to improve bases of power where they struggle.
Coach Yoast
Holds referent and coercive power.
Misuse of power:
Coach Yoast doesn't discourage the players from displaying their negative or racist attitudes to and about Coach Boone, thereby enforcing the negativity.

Holds legitimate power
Suggested development of power:
He should "walk the walk" and use his power to bring the team together and to reinforce Coach Boone's authority.
He should be conscious of his body language and public reactions to Coach Boone and use them to promote a positive atmosphere in the team and in the community.
Provide
feedback
Instead of assuming one needs to ask and understand.
Coach Boone is hard on Petey and Coach Yoast does not agree with it
Coach Yoast needs to ask why and listen to understand
Defer
judgment
Let the speaker express their point
Do not interrupt with a rebuttal or another point
When Coach Boone is meeting the team he asks Petey if he thinks football is fun
Petey is never allowed to fully answer any question because coach Boone interrupts him
Let the person speak then ask questions
Pay
attention
Respond
appropriately
Treat others as you would want to be treated
Neither Julius or Gary respond appropriately to each other at camp. Instead, they react with insults to one another instead of listening.
Instead, they should respond with respect and try to be understanding.
Styles to lead a team
Depends on job and experience level
This team has no experience working together
No experience integrating teams and schools
Authoritarian
This style sets the rules and does not seek input
The leader makes all decisions
Coach Boone states he is a dictator
He calls the shots and no one else
He does not listen or seek input
The players need a strong leader to guide them
Trust to work with one another but discipline to stay on track
This is not an appropriate style for the coaches to work together
Coach Yoast needs to be utilized as a Coach not another player
Democratic
This is leading while using input from team members
Coach Boone and Coach Yoast need to work together using input from each other
They have high experience in football
By fighting one another they lack trust and productivity
By working together they create a more united team front to the players
The coaches need to lead by example so the players will work together
The team members need to work with one another
They need to understand each other and their input
Laissez Faire
This is a hands-off approach
Not effective for a football team
Players need guidance and discipline
Integrating high schools needs a strong leader
Not a situation that they can integrate without help
-Henry Mintzberg described ten different roles that leaders should follow when leading.
-Understand which role is appropriate for that leadership role,
-Value the input from the person leading as much as you value the people following.
-The role that you assign to group members dictates their influence in group assignments.

Figurehead
Spokesperson
Leader
Liaison
Monitor
Disseminator
Entrepreneur
Disturbance
Handler
Resource
Allocator
Negotiator
Categories
Interpersonal
Informational
Decisional
Figurehead
Liaison
Leader
Monitor
Disseminator
Spokesperson
Entrepreneur
Disturbance Handler
Resource Allocator
Negotiator
Figurehead
Leader
Liaisons
Remember the Titans presents many communication issues such as different styles of communicating, prejudice and following the rules of society, which said that Caucasians and African Americans should not be equal. The group has to make a choice to be willing to overcome these struggles and conflict. By applying methods such as active listening and looking at the root cause of their conflicts, the group can overcome their differences and work together to find success.
Bruckheimer, Jerry, & Yakin, Boaz. (2000). Remember the Titans. USA: Jerry Bruckheimer Films.

Cathcart, R. S., Henman, L. D., Hirokawa, R. Y., & Samovar, L. A. (2003). Small group
communication: Theory & practice an anthology. (8th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford
University Press.

Conflict. (n.d.). In Merriam Webster online. Retrieved from http://www.merriam- webster.com/dictionary/conflict

French and Raven's Five Forms of Power: Understanding Where Power Comes From in the Workplace. (n.d.). French and Raven's Five Forms of Power. Retrieved April 29, 2014, from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_56.htm

Herek, G., Janis, I. L., and Huth, P. (1987). “Decision making during international crises: Is quality of process related to outcome?” Journal of Conflict Resolution 31: 203-226.

Mind Tools. (1989) Mintzberg's Management Roles Identifying the Roles Managers Play. Retrieved from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/management-roles.htm

Mind Tools. (2014) Active listening: Hear what people are really saying. Retrieved from
http://www.mindtools.com/CommSkll/ActiveListening.htm
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