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Transcript of Clothing
The backbone of the Creek economy was farming and the deerskin trade. In the new Creek economy the backbone was, farming and ranching.
Muscogee (Creek) Indians
Muskogee Indians made American Indian baskets, woodcarvings, and glazed pottery. Most of their artists confront ugliness as well as beauty, draw on tradition as well as display innovation, and celebrate survival in the midst of disruption. They draw on Native historical and artistic traditions to critique America's contested history in new ways. The stylistic representations associated with Indian art in popular cultures, and some artists use mixed-media collages, incorporating historic images, photographs, ledger art style, and Indian motifs.
The creek people lived in settled villages of single-family houses around around a village square
Creek houses were made of plaster and rivercane walls with thatched roofs
They also built larger circular buildings for ceremonial purposes, and most towns had a ball field with benches for spectators
Some Creek villages had palisades (reinforced walls) around them, to guard against attack
Muscogee men wore breechcloths and leather leggings. The women wore wraparound skirts and mantles made of deerskin or woven fiber. Creek men did not originally wear shirts, but both genders wore cloaks in cooler weather. The Muscogee also wore moccasins on their feet. Later they adapted European costume into their own characteristic style, including cloth blouses, jackets, and full skirts decorated with ribbon applique. The Creeks didn't wear warbonnets like the Sioux. Creek men usually shaved their heads in the Mohawk style, Creek women usually wore their long hair in topknots on top of their heads.
The white settlers called them Creek Indians after Ocmulgee Creek in Georgia. They originally called themselves Isti or Istichata, but began to identify themselves as Muskogee soon after Europeans arrived.
Where Did The Creek (Muscogee) Indians Get Their Name
The First People- (p.596-597)
Creek Country - Robbie Ethridge (p.140)
Battle of Horseshoe bend
After losing the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814, a few of the tribal towns removed to new lands in Indian Territory in 1826. In 1832, all Muscogee still in Alabama were allotted lands which could be sold with state approval. The resulting fraudulent sales deprived many of their property, and starving families returned "home" for crops and animals, causing friction among the "new owners." This sparked the Creek War of 1835-36, after which they were forcibly removed, costing 10,000 lives. The Muscogee were reunited in 1840, but the Civil War split the tribe again. A few joined the Confederacy; 10,000 "loyal Creeks" marched to Kansas. Attacked by confederates and Cherokee and later starved by Union inaction, 5,000 died, including Opoethleyahola, the most respected leader of the historic period.