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Phonics and Graphophonics

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Morgan Yost

on 11 March 2014

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Transcript of Phonics and Graphophonics

Phonics knowledge is conscious as it is the act of recoding words from written to oral form
Phonics is learned by a step-by step process
Phonics require systematic and explicit instruction
teaching letter sound relationships in an organized manner
Teaching phonics involves direct instruction such as stating the grammar rules, providing examples, and giving time to practice
Phonics can be monitored without reading through worksheets

What is Phonics?
What is Graphophonics?
The focus is constructing meaning through background knowledge.
Graphophonics is the subconscious knowledge that is acquired through reading and being read to.
Graphophonics is just one of three cueing systems used to help build meaning
Graphophonics is built as the brain gathers enough information to build context in a text
Graphophonics can only be monitored while a student is reading
What are the benefits?
A strength of Phonics is it has been shown to work well with a wide range of socioeconomic levels
It has also been known to be helpful for struggling readers
A weakness is that there are too many phonic rules to master, especially for young students
A strength of Graphophonics is that students construct the meaning of the text and build a foundation for reading
A weakness is that there is less structure to the learning process

What is the difference?
Phonics is conscious knowledge as it is a learned skill while graphophonics is subconscious knowledge based on context
Phonics is directly taught by an instructor and follows a pattern. Graphophonics is taught through the exploration of texts. Graphophonics is taught by constructing meaning
Phonics can be tested without reading, while graphophonics is assessed while reading
Phonics falls under the word recognition view in which sounds are the focal point
Graphophonics fall under the sociopyscholinguistic view which is focused on constructing meaning and breaking down words

What is the difference?
Phonics and Graphophonics
What do we do?
A move towards an English Language Development Approach that benefits ELL learners and native English speakers
Focus on building oracy through direct instruction of key concepts as well as integrated oral activities
Focus on building writing and reading skills through using sentence frames and language functions (ex. Compare and contrast)

What is happening in education today?
Research has shown that direct instruction is important for all learners including ELL students
Because phonics involves a large number of rules, educators have made a push towards graphophonics
Research has proved the concept of Just Sound it Out is false and inadequate
There is curriculum that provides a holistic approach with direct instruction as well as context building based on background knowledge
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