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English IOP

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Alex Unger

on 5 April 2011

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Transcript of English IOP

IB English IOP
Alex Unger Analyze the motif of sexual repression, how the Party uses it thoroughout the novel, and the effect it has on the main character Winston. Then compare 1984's sexual repression to China's One Child Policy. "Unlike Winston, she had grasped the inner meaning of the Party's sexual puritanism. It was not merely that the sex instinct created a world of its own which was outside the Party's control and which therefore had to be destroyed if possible. What was more important was that sexual privation induced hysteria, which was desirable because it could be transformed into war-fever and leader-worship. The way she put it was:

'When you make love you're using up energy; and afterwards you feel happy and don't give a damn for anything. They can't bear you to feel like that. They want you to be bursting with energy all the time. All this marching up and down and cheering and waving flags is simply sex gone sour. If you're happy inside yourself, why should you get excited about Big Brother and the Three-Year Plans and the Two Minutes Hate and all the rest of their bloody rot?'

That was very true, he thought. There was a direct intimate connection between chastity and political orthodoxy. For how could the fear, the hatred, and the lunatic credulity which the Party needed in its members be kept at the right pitch, except by bottling down some powerful instinct and using it as a driving force? The sex impulse was dangerous to the Party, and the Party had turned it to account"(132-133). Question Quote Winston and Julia Repression When Winston first sees Julia he despises her completely. She is active in the Junior Anti-Sex Leauge which fully supports chastity and purity and is the driving force of the Party's repression. Winston wants to be able to freely enjoy sex and the Junior Anti-Sex League and the Party in general make that impossible. Once they do become involved in an affair they realize why the party forbids it and they continue as a form of rebellion and just pure pleasure. Winston and Katherine Katherine and Winston are still legally married but have not been together for a while. After figuring out they could not have children, they seperate but did not divorce. Winston remembers how Katherine was disgusted by sex and only did it because she felt it was her duty to the party. This makes Winston hate the Party even more and contibutes to his rebellious sexual drive. The Party feels the need to control sex because they believe the public will naturally pay attention to there private lives and not to the Party. The Party brainwashes the public into believing that sex is such a horrible crime and should only be done as a duty. This repression of sex allows them to inforce loyalty to Big Brother instead of loyalty to a relationship. China's One Child
Policy China's one child policy was established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979 to limit China's rapid population growth. This policy limits married couples to having only one child. Multiple pregnancies can result in fines and possibly forced abortion or sterilization. Because of this policy many female infants are abandoned, neglected, or aborted. The couples would rather have a male so he can eventually work and help to support the parents. This unfortunate policy can easily be related to the Party's policies in 1984. In 1984, the couples are asked to reproduce to create new party members that can benefit the Party in some way. Its similar in China but the reproduction is for the couples benefit instead of the governments. But in both China and 1984 the sense of family is being diminished. In both cases the couples have lost their free will to make a loving family if they chose to do so. Winston and the
Prostitute Quote "The aim of the Party was not merely to prevent men and women from forming loyalties which it might not be able to control. Its real, undeclared purpose was to remove all pleasure from the sexual act. Not love so much as eroticism was the enemy, inside marriage as well as outside it. The only recognized purpose of marriage was to beget children for the service of the Party. Sexual intercourse was to be looked on as a slightly disgusting minor operation, like having an enema. This again was never put into plain words, but in an indirect way it was rubbed into every Party member from childhood onwards... The Party was trying to kill the sex instinct, or, if it could not be killed, then to distort it and dirty it. He did not know why this was so, but it seemed natural that it should be so. And as far as the women were concerned, the Party's efforts were largely successful"(66-67). Quote "'You like doing this? I dont mean simply me; I mean the thing in itself?'
'I adore it.'
That was above all what he wanted to hear. Not merely the love of one person but the animal instinct, the simple undifferentiated desire: that was the force that would tear the Party to pieces"(126). When writing in his journal Winston recalls the time he had sex with the prostitute. He felt so deprived that the only way to escape the sexual repression was with a prostitute. Winston finds she is unattractive and old but that did not stop him . Quote "What he had suddenly seen in the lamplight was that the woman was OLD. The paint was plastered so thick on her face that it looked as though it might crack like a cardboard mask. There were streaks of white in her hair; but the truly dreadful detail was that her mouth had fallen a little open, revealing nothing except a cavernous blackness. She had no teeth at all.

He wrote hurriedly, in scrabbling handwriting:

When I saw her in the light she was quite an old woman, fifty years old at least. But I went ahead and did it just the same"(68-69). The End Questions?
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