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2.10 Module Project: “Is ‘the Dark Ages’ an appropriate term

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Hayley Grafton

on 10 November 2014

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Transcript of 2.10 Module Project: “Is ‘the Dark Ages’ an appropriate term

2.10 Module Project: “Is ‘the Dark Ages’ an appropriate term to describe the Middle Ages? - Hayley Grafton
Document C
Joan of Arc
1.How does this painting show the influence of religion on politics?
Religion is clearly influential in this painting because of the presence of the three angels in the top left corner.
2.Do you think the painter of this picture viewed Joan of Arc as a heroine? Explain.
The painter definitely viewed her as a heroin because in the painting she looks indomitable and determined. He/she made Joan of Arc look strong through her shinning armor and sword.
3.How does this painting combine the style of the ancient Greek and Roman artists with that of the artists of the Middle Ages? Give examples.
In the painting the armor and strength of Joan of Arc is combined with her spirited nature from God shown by the waving flags behind her that she is holding.
Document B
Magna Carta
1. How did religion influence the Magna Carta?
Religion was an evident factor in the influencing of the Magna Carta since a lot of the demands that were written had affiliations to God and the church.
2. How did the Magna Carta limit the power of King John?
The Magna Carta limited King John's power because civilians finally took a stance and voiced what they wanted, as well as creating laws that he would be forced to follow.
3. How did the Magna Carta lay down the foundation for democracy?
The Magna Carta created the foundation for democracy because it was the very beginning of people's true freedom. People were standing up for themselves and what they believe in, people were not being imprisoned, and people had the right to a jury. The Magna Carta stopped the King from having too much power, and gave the people more power.
Document E
Major Trade Routes of Afroeurasia c.1300 CE
1.How do you think the Crusades may have influenced the trade routes shown on this map? Explain.
Since the Islamist were against the Christians, and most of the major trade routes went through Islam territories, the Crusades appear to have strained trading between Christians and Buddhists from going through.
2.Which cities shown on the map do you think were most affected by ideas from foreign lands? Which cities were least affected by ideas from foreign lands? Explain.
Cities that lacked larger trade routes near them, such as Kiev, were least affected, and cities that had multiple trade routes near them were most affected, like Constinople. The more trade and different ethnicity that comes by, the more citizens are exposed to other ideas and activities. But when a place doesn't have as much coming through, the less chance there is of diversity spreading through the city.
3. How might trade have affected the culture of people living in the areas shown along the trade routes?
The culture might've been partially adapted to fit other ideas that could've been considered better suited to them in that time.

Document D
Kokin Wakashū anthology
1.Do you think the style of the book suggests anything about its value? Explain.
One can imagine that due to its importance as well as the intricate detailing and colour scheme of the paper, the book would be extremely valuable in the time it was produced.
2.When was the edition in this image published? How does that relate to its original publication?
Since it was the order of Emperor Daigo who reigned between 897-930 CE, it was probably published in the later half of this time period, if not just after he stopped.
3.What do the types of poems in this collection tell you about Japanese society at this time?
It tells us that during this time, the profession of poetry writing was honorable and the people were inspired by things such as the seasons, traveling and love.
Document A
Dictionary Entry for “The Dark Ages”
1.What time period does The American Cyclopaedia use to explain the “Dark Ages”?
The period of time stretching from 400 CE to 1400 CE, it explains that it fell just a little short of corresponding with the Middle Ages time period.
2.Does “intellectual depression” refer to the people of the “Dark Ages” or historical knowledge of the time?
Yes, it is evident that the term "intellectual depression" is tied to the people of the Dark Ages because many have thought that it was a time with a lack of education and innovation.
3.Does this definition resemble more the original meaning of the “Dark Ages” or the meaning it gained over time?
The definition given correlated to the meaning that the period gained over time.

Document F
Excerpt for Secondary Source
1.Based on this excerpt, do you think trade was instrumental in the spread of Buddhism to Japan? Explain.
Trade definitely assisted the spread of Buddhism. Since there wasn't a huge amount of traveling during that time - trade was a fundamental part of discovering new cultures and adapting to modern times.
2.Summarize the trade relations described in this excerpt. Do you think the geographic locations of Japan, China, and Korea contributed to this trade? Explain.
These countries traded certain things with each other that they knew the other might need. The locations were mos likely an advantage due to the fact that they were close enough to trade but not too close for them to find it for themselves.
3.How do you think people in Japan, China, and Korea were affected by the trade described here? Explain.
The people most likely recieved the basics that they needed. It's probable that the Japanese got a lot more because of how much trade came to them in comparison to other places.

Essay
The word dark often connotes to dull, lifeless and bleak things. Thus, when one refers to the Middle Ages as the "Dark" Ages, it is often assumed that the time wasn't exactly the greatest of periods. Contrary to this, the Middle Ages were the direct opposite. While the early Middle Ages were relatively quiet in terms of historical output, the period was full of new ideas and energetic movements. This is not justified by the term: "Dark Ages,"

The American cyclopedia states that the dark ages was a time of Intellectual depression, historians considered it as this because of the limited knowledge and lack of innovations during the time period. Many others however, neglect the fact that, disregarding the first part of the Middle Ages, the period was actually extremely active. Over time, the term "Dark Ages" has also lost its original intended meaning, it has evolved over time as people have interpreted it to their own opinions.

The term Dark Ages doesn't do justice to the period and exactly what the people achieved. Many look at the Middle Ages for its failures rather than its numerous successes. One of these successes coming from the Magma Carta, upon King John's abuse of power, the citizens spoke up and created this. Without the courage of these people our current government system wouldn't be the same.

Although a lot of terrible things happened during the Middle Ages, most, if not all, of the conlictd and issues were worked out over time. When the Christians desired control of the Holy Land, the Crusades began. And although they lasted a long time and bought many negatives, the positives that followed outweighed them.

In conclusion, it is evident that there were some bad times and dull moments of the middle ages, however there were many more great things that happened in the time. Certain things that happened were consequential to the world and systems we live in today and therefore, "the Dark Ages" is not an appropriate term for the Middle Ages.
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