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Cultural Case Study in China
Transcript of Cultural Case Study in China
Mao Zedong 1950's-1960's Overpopulation
for food supply Mao Zedong attempted to industrialize Moved too many farmers into the city Lead to starvation There is still a shortage on basic necessities Mao Zedong dies, Deng Xiaoping becomes new Communist leader Also know as the Family Planning Policy. Married couples & urban couples = 1 child An exception is given to twins, minorities, parents who have one sibling, and rural families. Cultural Effects Female Infanticide
Gender Imbalance Today Effect: Ratio Imbalance before the law, aborting females didn't exist after policy = aborting females widespread 120 boys to 100 girls normalcy is 105 boys to 100 girls Minister of the National Population & Family Planning Comission
- Educational Campaigns
-Retirement pentions for parents with girls Value of a Chinese Woman More education & careers for chinese woman More suitors for Chinese Woman = Women are EXTRA picky Rapid Aging Population Shortage of young workers Human Rights Issue Forced late abortions forced sterilizations official harassment beatings forced evictions Note: Doesn't happen much today,
Official's Goal. Catholicism Dalai Lama Today Tibetan Conflict Background (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr Chinese civil war ends in 1949 Communist and PRC win over the republic of China Communist want religion abolished, because man itself can create utopia and salvationHan Chinese begin colonizing A Different Kind of Communism Chinese government over the last 3 decades has been much more tolerant of religion Confucian roots Devotion to the Pope vs. Devotion to the State Some Catholics are afraid to practice religion openly Certain laws dissuade people from becoming ordained Overall Conflict and Independence Dalai Lama vs. Chinese Government and State 2000 B.C.E. 1980s-Present 1200 C.E. 1600-1700 1895-1945 1949 1949-1980s Mainland Chinese farmers migrate to Taiwan Han Chinese begin colonizing Taiwan controlled by the Dutch,
Spanish, Ming, then Qing Taiwan controlled
by Japanese Chinese nationalists expelled from mainland China,
Taiwan becomes new Republic of China Taiwan under military dictatorship Taiwan shifts to democracy, Taiwanese political parties split Taiwanese
Culture Cultural Break Down Cultural Conflict Key Differences Ethnicity Religion
• 70% Hoklo (Southern Chinese, specifically Fujian province, speak Hoklo)
• 14% Hakka (Southern Chinese, specifically Hakka speakers)
• 14% Mainlanders (Immigrants and their descendents who moved from China during the Chinese Civil War or later) 98% Han 2% Aborigines 35% Buddhist 33% Daoist 13% Other 19% Not Religious Language differs from Mainland China, especially from Beijing dialect.
Ex.: (Zher) vs (Zheli)
Importance of Religion
81% of Taiwanese are religious compared to 41% in PRC Taiwanese Identity Crisis
Shift from Chinese, to Japanese, to Chinese, to Taiwanese
Political stance where foreign states can only have diplomatic relations with PRC or ROC
Cultural identity exaggerated due to politicization
Taiwan's Desire for Independence
PRC's 2005 Anti-Secession Law: In the event that the 'Taiwan independence' secessionist forces should [...] cause [...] Taiwan's
secession from China [...] the state shall employ non-peaceful means and other necessary measures to protect China's sovereignty and territorial integrity"
Taiwanese citizens victim of structural violence due to inability to express their identity or influence their environment Conclusion China is a rising power
Attempt to influence opinion by setting up Confucius institutes in the US
PRC vs. ROC
How China handles cultural conflicts