Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
The Evolution of Arthurian Legend
Transcript of The Evolution of Arthurian Legend
The Legendary "Arthur"
- 5th-6th Century: first references to King Arthur appear, though he is most likely a mix of oral legends and literary references (from a wide variety of geographical areas and genres).
- insufficient/contradictory evidence of Arthur appears in the historical record (further encouraging poetic license (and hence the changing nature of his story))
15th Century: Sir Thomas Malory's
"Le Morte D'Arthur"
- Malory's text was written in the mid-15th Century
while he was in prison
- 1485: published by William Caxton (Malory died in 1471)
- Malory's text is an attempt to consolidate/collect the
Arthurian legends/stories; some poetic license
- Malory's text was not printed from the late 17th -early 19th Centuries: British rejection of the historical inaccuracies
- early 19th Century: resurgence of interest in medieval,
chivalric romance and the legends of Arthur
- Malory's text as primary influence on T.H. White's
"The Once and Future King"
The Resurgence of Arthurian Interest
late 19th Century:
- "Idylls of the King": Alfred, Lord Tennyson; series of 12 narrative poems;
- American : write Sidney Lanier's "A Boy's King Arthur"
- Mark Twain's "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court"
- growing interest in Arthurian legend heavily encouraged by the end of WWII
- 1958: "The Once and Future King": T.H. White; inspiration for
the Broadway musical "Camelot" (1960) and
the Disney film "The Sword in the Stone" (1963)
- 1975: "Monty Python and the Holy Grail": spoof of Arthurian legend
- 1982: "The Mists of Avalon": Marion Bradley
- 1961-1963: the American Camelot: President John F. Kennedy's
comparison to King Arthur
Inspiration and Early References
Arthur as Heroic "King"
- British writings (most notably Geoffrey of Monmouth): Arthur as greatest of British Kings
- Monmouth's "History of the Kings of Britain" includes references to Uther Pendragon, Merlin, Guinevere, Excalibur, Mordred, Avalon
- Welsh tales: Arthur as fairy-tale King battling both mortal and supernatural forces
- French verse (most notably Chretien de Troyes): references to Camelot; Arthur and his Knights as representative of the rise/fall of chivalry, leading to genre of "chivalric romance" prevalent throughout European literature
- French Vulgate Cycle: prose; references to Lancelot, the Round Table, the darker side of Arthur and his Knights (spiritual idealism at odds with human tendency to sin)
- Middle English verse: "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight"
Gustave Dore, 1863
Lancelot relating his adventures in the Crusades to King Arthur and Guinevere
1385: tapestry of the "Nine Worthies"
Illuminated page from The Winchester Manuscript, early drafts by Sir Thomas Malory (
The Trojan Bunny of King Arthur....
- IF a man inspired the Arthur legends, he was most likely a Celtic leader in the British army (during the 6th century British defense against the invading Anglo-Saxons)
- the Britons had converted to Christianity under the Roman Empire, but became increasingly cut-off from Rome during the 5th Century (and thus became more self-reliant in their defense against the Saxons)
- circa 600 A.D.: Welsh poem (Arthur as a mysterious hero)
- circa 800 A.D.: "History of the Britons"- Latin text: Arthur as a Christian crusader/leader of British army (NOT a King)
- circa 950 A.D.: "Annals of Wales": similar reference HOB
Roman Empire under Trajan, 117 A.D.
BRIEF Overview to Medieval Period in England
Occupation of England before the Medieval Period:
- Celts (500 B.C.)
- Romans (55 B.C.- 407 A.D.)(drove the Celts to Scotland and Wales)
The Old English and Medieval Periods (A.D. 449- 1485):
- 449 A.D.: Anglo-Saxon invasion (Germanic tribes: Angles, Saxons, Jutes): ‘Angle-land’ became ‘England’
- 559: Invasion of Roman cleric St. Augustine, brings Christianity and Latin to the Isles
- 700-900s A.D.: Scandinavian invasion
- 1066: Norman Conquest, led by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy)
Feudal Era: 1100- 1485
- 1215: Magna Carta (beginning of parliamentary government in England), limited the powers of the King
- In the 14-15th centuries, England was besieged by plague, civil unrest, uprisings, and civil war
- 1485: Henry VII becomes King of England and the territory is united---beginning a new era of discovery and expansion