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Franz Joseph Haydn

History, Quartets, Creation
by

Alana Nelson

on 25 February 2015

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Transcript of Franz Joseph Haydn

1809

1732
Franz Joseph Haydn
Haydn (1732-1809)
Born in Rohrau, Austria
Left at age 6 for Vienna
Vienna Years
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Esterházy Family
Wealthy Hungarian family
Skilled musicians and lovers of music
Haydn worked for Esterházy’s from 1761-1790

Haydn's Style
Experiments with musical form
Wit
Develops material
Appeals to professionals and music-lovers
Father of the String Quartet
Wrote about 68
Homogenous timbre
2 violins, viola, cello
Intimate genre
4 Mvts: F-S-F-F
The Creation
(1798)
Haydn called this his greatest work
Inspired by Handel
Depicts and celebrates the creation of the world (Genesis and Milton's
Paradise Lost
)
Spent two years writing
In Review: Activity by Time Period
1740s: Boy soprano
1750s: Working in Vienna
1760s: Famous
1780s: Most famous composer of his time
1761-1790: Esterházys
1790: Moves to Vienna and remains until his death
1791-2 and 94-5: Two trips to London with Johann Peter Salomon (
Creation
and "London Symphonies")
1803: Stops composing. Buried at Eisenstadt

Palace in Eisenstadt
1740's: Vienna Boys' Choir
1750's: Lived in same building as Metastasio
Nikolaus Esterházy (1714-1790
Haydn's Travels
1778 - Contract Renegotiated
Given huge freedom with compositions
Allowed to be original
Haydn's Marriage
one word:
Unhappy
For Professionals:
He experiments
For Amateurs:
Inserts surprises, flashy passages, appealing melodies
String Quartets of the Classical Era
1st mvt
: Fast, often Sonata Form (Exposition, Development, Recapitulation)
2nd mvt
: Slow, either Sonata, Theme and Variations, or ternary
3rd mvt
: Lively, often a Minuet
4th mvt
: Light and fast, often a Sonata or Rondo
Listen: Op. 76 No. 3
What movement is this?
What is the form?
Overture: “Representation of Chaos”
Part I: Days 1-4 of creation
Part II: Days 5-6 of creation
Part III: a cantata devoted to Adam and Eve and to further praise of heaven
Full transcript