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A2 PE Case studies- Bathing and Swimming as a popular recreation
Transcript of A2 PE Case studies- Bathing and Swimming as a popular recreation
as a popular recreation 1200 - 1500 Towns were built at defined sites with river crossings. The river provided a source of food, transport and a place to wash for work or play. Bathing was a common past time so learning to swim was a necessity. The upper class considered the ability to swim as part of their chivalric code. They would sometimes sponsor outstanding lower-class swimmers to represent them in wager races. These swimmers would become swimming "masters" who would teach children how to swim. The chivalric code was the courteous, gallant gentlemanly behaviour associated with the upper class Swimming was initially one of the
seven agilities of knights during the
Middle Ages, including swimming with
armour Public Schools Sports in public schools were unorganised and spontaneous. These schools were boarding so there was 'free' time available to play games. Boys had swum in the local river at home and had brought this culture to school and bathed in their free time with no master input. The river was still seen as a place to wash and have fun. Athleticism developed and swimming became more structured and regulated. The rivers and lakes were developing by adding changing huts, diving boards and swimming instructions. This transformation was funded by fees, donations from previous students and influential families. The improvement of facilities saw the increase of swimming competitions.
A well-maintained and safe place for bathing gave a good impression of the school. Headmasters were seeing the necessary of swimming as well as bathing as a safe and hygienic pursuit. The contemporary fashion in believing water immersion to be therapeutic and the enthusiasm of the students established regular competitions. Victorian Holidays The middle class often holidayed towards the seaside. Many believed that the cold salt watered
sea held a therapeutic effect. Originally beaches single-sexed to ensure modesty and respectability, however bathing machines (as seen in the picture) gave bathers privacy so mixed bathing was allowed. In 1870 the new rail network brought the working class to the seaside. The enthusiasm for bathing increased. Urban Towns Industrialisation and urbanisation led to overcrowding and disease in towns. Cholera epidemics in 1832 and 1849 killed thousands and left families without any money. The Public Health Act of 1848 was established to reduce such problems. As only the wealthy could afford bathrooms at home, rivers became increasingly unsafe for people to wash in. Politicians were eager to improve the cleanliness and health of urban towns. They gave mass loans to councils to encourage the lower class to wash. The first public baths were opened in Liverpool in 1828. They had first-class facilities for the middle class and second-class facilities for the working class. The spread of disease decreased and work efficiency increased, just as the governments intended. Elaborate public baths soon increased the town's status. In 1869, various middle class swimming clubs met and established the laws for amateur swimming. By 1902 over 500 clubs were members of the Amateur Swimming Association (ASA). Swimming Today There is a continued awareness of safety in the water; blue flag beaches indicate the water is safe for bathing. Many pools offer classes such as parent and baby/toddler classes, aqua aerobics while governments plan to increase free pool entries for under 16s and over 60s. Pool technology has improved which includes hoists for disabled people and modern teaching and learning aids. Improved material technology for clothing increases the success in the sport for such swimmers as Ellie Simmons. The Olympics and Paralympics offer role models across a number of different swimming events and triathlon events. There were 34 swimming events out of the 46 in Aquatics and 8 Diving events in London 2012. Leisure pools offer family entertainment with flumes, wave machines, splash time, children's swimming parties and slides. Government targets for more pools, upgrade of existing pools and more Olympic and 50m pools while private health clubs and spars offer swimming facilities, which increases participation.