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The Jazz Age
Transcript of The Jazz Age
Fashion Styles of the Era
Entertainment in Society
Took on various new forms
Era of Rebellion by the youths
The Jazz Age FEEL
Three of the Most Popular Hair Styles
Prohibition created opportunities for musicians to find gigs out of New Orleans
Jazz is Evil
Syncopation + Improvisation = Dysfunctional Music
Ragtime was acceptable because it was just syncopation
Compare with marches
Derails order in music = same in society
Jazz In Da Air
Louis Armstrong (Satchmo)
Known as an "inventive" trumpet player
helped break racial ties
brought focus from ragtime to solo performance
Jazz is EVIL!
Jazz Dance Definition
"Jazz dance mirrors the social history of the American people, reflecting historical events, cultural changes, ethnic influences and especially the music and social dances of the era. " (Kraines, 2005,1)
Originated from Jazz Music
Rhythmic and syncopated
syncopation- physically accenting unusual beats in the music.
More of a sensual esthetic
Attire can be lose or tight
Eclectic- Blend of African, concert forms, ballroom and street dance
Authors like F. Scott Fitzgerald, wrote extensively about the rebellious youths of the Jazz age, in stories and novels such as " This side of Paradise" and "The Great Gatsby."
Fitzgerald and other writers criticized the superficiality and material excess of America's post world culture, especially the youths who were by then called "the lost generation".
Prosperity was portrayed to have gone wrong in large societies like New York.
Most Americans who were disgusted with the American life, which they saw as overly material and spiritually void, left the country to go live in other places like Europe.
The "Lost Generation"
In the 1920s, youths, especially young college students,challenged traditional notions of proper behavior.
Encouraged by the decade's prosperity, young people threw raucous parties, drank illegal liquor, and danced new sexually suggestive steps at Jazz clubs.
The flapper was one of the symbol of this era.
Sex became far less a taboo than it had previously been.Sex was more openly discussed and premarital sex more common.
This led to the promotion of birth control, though it was still widely illegal
The 18Th Amendment, made it illegal to manufacture, sell or transport alcohol beverages in the United States.
Most youths saw this as an opportunity to rebel against the laws of the land.
Bootlegger smuggled liquor from other countries into America, using enthusiastic youths as their labor force.
Most youths were also in gangs because most gangsters such as Al Capone made a lot of fortune during prohibition.
"A number of scientific men who have been working on experiments in musico-therapy with the insane, declare that while regular rhythms and simple tones produce a quieting effect on the brain of even a violent patient, the effect of jazz on the normal brain produces an atrophied condition on the brain cells of conception, until very frequently those under the demoralizing influence of the persistent use of syncopation, combined with inharmonic partial tones, are actually incapable of distinguishing between good and evil, right and wrong."
- Published in 1921 in Ladies Home Journal by Anne Shaw Faulkner, head of Music Department of the General Federation of Women's Clubs
Perspective at the time
Books, Cartoons, Movies
1926 Pooh Book
1920's Iconic Styles and Looks
Make-up and Lipstick
Women's Hair Styles
Women's and Men's Clothing
In 1915-1920's red came in a metal tube and was often used by actresses and singers. To be seen wearing red was considered risky.
Maybelline was well known for their mascara.
The brush would have to be wet then applied then applied to the lashes.
This product was "The Tweaker"
Removed unwanted hair
Claimed regular use "absolutely discourages the return of hair"
This product sold for $3.50
Coco Chanel branded a small perfume Chanel N°. 5 in 1916.
Known for its classic simplicity and sophisticated look, allowed marketing technique made simple for consumers to quickly be attracted to the scent.
By 1920's it became one of the most well known famous perfumes in history.
A. Women's Suites
Coco Chanel inspired several alfits
Conservative working woman jacket and skirt suite
This alfit showed independence.
B. Evening Wear
Wore knee length dresses with fringes at the bottom.
The look of being flat chested and non wearing of bras was part of the trend.
Women had several options in lingerie such as semi laced, silk lace and even elastic.
They were extremely elegant and several of the lingerie included lovely satin slippers to match.
A.The Castle Bob
Named after Irene Castle, a famous ballroom dancer.
B. The Eaten Cropped Bob
Which popularized by Josephine Baker. Which was pressed firmly against the head
C. The Shingle Bob
The short hair had several waves.
These suits were tightly-fitting were considered an expression of passion for jazz music.
Jackets had buttons that placed closed to each other and were long and tight at the waistline with long back vents.
Trousers were tight and skinny.
Jazz clothing passed quickly in and out of fashion during the twenties.
The bag pants were introduced by John Wanamaker in 1925. They famously sold in John Wanamaker department stores.
Fashion begun by Oxford students who were forbidden to wear sneakers. The pants were baggy enough for the students to cover their sneakers.
The baggy pant measured anywhere from twenty-two inches to forty inches around the bottom.
Due to the success of the women's rights movement women's roles in society increased. A new optimistic relaxed attitude evolved.
Return of our troops
Over 4 million men and women returned from WWI. The transition from wartime induced an immediate but brief recession. A second, more devastating recession in 1920 was resolved by Harding's Laissez-faire policy.
-A second look at life-
-> Unknown origin
-> Infected 25% of US population
-> Killed nearly 700,000 in US
-> Coffins were stacked in streets
Social Life in the Jazz Age
Popular African-American performer
on Broadway in the 1920's
Started her career as a chorus girl
Introduced the "Charleston" and the "Black Bottom" to Europe
Huge sensation in Europe, especially in France
Equal rights activist
How did prohibition fuel the styles and Ideals
of the 1920s?
Women's fashion was revolutionized. The delicate house look was out and a new confident woman emerged.
She was called the "Flapper" the sign of change occurring.
A working, independent woman who could ride a bike, drive a car and smoke with ease.
1918 Influenza Pandemic
1922 Chicago Auto Show
The Beginning of Prosperity
With nationalism growing, technological innovations created thousands of jobs and streamlined American life. Women went home and had time to enjoy life outside a sweatshop, while men moved into industry and finance.
Who was happier?
The new American life