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Introductory paragraphs

Students will go through the steps to making an effective introductory paragraph.
by

Tara Okun

on 2 December 2016

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Transcript of Introductory paragraphs

Introductory paragraphs
Step by Step

There are many different ways to use hooks to grab the readers attention.
Hooks/Leads: The hook or lead is the first sentence(s) in the introductory paragraph. It should grab the reader's attention and make the reader want to keep reading.
Step 2:
Developing a hook sentence
Examples of using a surprising fact as a hook:

Good example:
There are some 2 billion TV sets used in the US today.
This example is a surprising fact that not too many people know. It would also be a great way to lead into a topic about television today.
A Surprising Fact
This type of hook is used to draw the reader and to introduce a topic.

The fact should have something to do with what you will be discussing in the essay.
Examples of using an ancedote as a hook:
Good Example: Mike Cantlon remembers coming across his first auction ten years ago while cruising the back roads of Wisconsin. He parked his car and wandered into the crowd, toward the auctioneer's singsong chant and wafting smell of barbecued sandwiches. Hours later, Cantlon emerged lugging a $22 beam drill-for constructing post-and-beam barns—and a passion for auctions that has clung like a cocklebur on an old saddle blanket. "It's an addiction," says Cantlon, a financial planner and one of the growing number of auction fanatics for whom Saturdays will never be the same.
[This is an anecdote, a little story about one man and his first auction, that is the lead to an article about auctions. In this article the author explains what auctions are, how to spot bargains in auctions, what to protect yourself from at auctions, and other facts about auctions and the people who go to them.]
Anecdote
An anecdote is a little story. Begin a paper by relating a small story that leads into the topic of your paper.
Your story should be a small episode, not a full blown story with characters and plot and setting.
If you do it right, your story will capture the reader's interest so that he or she will continue to read your paper.
One caution: be sure that your story does not take over the paper. Remember, it is an introduction, not the paper.
An example of using an original definition for a hook:

Good Example: The Webster dictionary defines bravery as having courage when facing an obstacle. The Logan family shows this characteristic over and over again in the novel
Roll of Thunder,Hear My Cry
.

[This would be a great hook sentence(s) to start of an essay that uses the theme of bravery
throughout to prove or characterize the Logan family. ]
Original Definition
This technique tends to work the best if you are discussing a theme throughout your essay.
When using this technique, make sure to pick a word that fits in with the story/essay and you can refer back to.
Example of using a quote for a hook:
"Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school", stated Albert Einstein.

[ This essay would go on to discuss the issue of whether or not to have school
all year long.]
Famous Quotation
You can use this technique when you are writing about that specific person who said the quote.
You can also use this technique to introduce an idea/topic that the essay will be covering.
The quote should have relevance to the topic of the essay.
Practice:
Identifying the bridge and thesis
"Funneling"
Creating Intros
YOUR TURN!
Example:
Topic: body piercing/tattoos for teens
Thesis Statement: Teens should not be allowed to get tattoos or body piercings before the age of 18.
Step 1: Stating your Thesis Statement
A thesis statement is one of the most important sentences in an essay.
To qualify as a thesis statement it must state what you believe and be a complete sentence.
If you do not give your opinion on the topic, then it is just a general statement NOT a thesis statement.
Follow the Steps to a Successful Introductory Paragraph!
This Way...
Revising time!
Now it is your turn to go back through your intro paragraph and make the corrections you think necessary to make it the best!

Use your notes to help you revise and edit some of the sentences.
Step 2: Bridge Statement
A Bridge statement is a smooth transition between your hook and the rest of your introductory paragraph. This statement is where you tie in the purpose of the hook you chose and how it relates to the rest of the paragraph.
"Great minds discuss ideas; average minds discuss events; small minds discuss people." Eleanor Roosevelt depicts what type of people participate in gossip.
Do Now: September 10
A great introduction is similar to a great opening scene in a movie. List a
movie that you have seen and then give the reason why that opening was so memorable.
MOVIE TITLE:
WHY:
What is an introduction?
1. An introduction or introductory paragraph is the first paragraph in any multiparagraph essay.
2. Successful introductions engage the reader and increase interest in the topic.
The main parts of an introduction include the lead, the bridge, and the thesis (claim).
3. The lead should be about three to five sentences. It is how you grab your reader’s attention.
4. The bridge fills the gap from the lead to the thesis (claim) and should be one or two sentences. The bridge is when you bring up the topic of your essay.
5. The thesis is the last sentence in your introductory paragraph. It is the sentence
that tells exactly what your paper will be about.
6. That makes your entire paragraph about five to eight sentences.
Questions:
1. What three things are in an introduction (in order)?

2. How long is your introductory paragraph?

3. Where does the bridge go in the first paragraph?

4. Where does the thesis (claim) go in your first paragraph?

5. What is a lead?
Discuss with your group and respond in your packet
Lead
Bridge
Thesis
Standards
W.9-10.1a Introduce precise claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that establishes clear relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.
W.9-10.2a Introduce a topic; organize complex ideas, concepts, and information to make important connections and distinctions.
W.9-10.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
An introduction is like an upside down triangle
Exit Ticket:
T/F Handout
Homework:
Complete Packet
The life of a teenager in modern America is not always pleasant. He or she is faced with a multitude of conflicts and problems, many of which seem almost impossible to overcome. Most of these problems center around school, which is not surprising considering that the teenager devotes an average of eight hours a day to school and school-related activities.
Since school is not an option, teenagers need to be more
aware.
Primary problems created by school are the intense pressure for good grades,
and the even more intense pressure of peers.
Begin with a broad general statement of your topic. (You will end up narrowing it down to
your thesis statement).
If you write your thesis first then you will know where you are going with your introduction.
Review Packet
What is a Thesis (claim) Statement?
Qualities of a good thesis statement
Don't use the following...
Do the following...

_______ 1. Senator Debbie Stabenow works for Michigan.
_______ 2. My thesis is about how to get good grades.
_______ 3. The Great Debate
_______ 4. While on vacation I experienced quite an adventure.
_______ 5. Edgar Allen Poe was born in January 1809.
_______ 6. Implementing school uniforms would have many benefits.
_______ 7. I am against school uniforms.
_______ 8. Students think that being “cool” means having to sacrifice his or her morals,
giving in to peer pressure, and doing bad in school.
_______ 9. Comparing and contrasting the two poems will illustrate why “If” by Kipling is the best poem.!!
Write a “+” if the statement is a good thesis and a “0” if the statement is not a good thesis.
Now you try....
Write a thesis!
Essential Questions: What is a thesis statement?
What elements are necessary for a successful introduction paragraph?
Agenda
Prezi with notes & group/
independent activities
Create a thesis
Create introductions
Exit ticket: T/F Handout
Opening Scene Movie Clip
Is it engaging?
Does it increase your interest?
Discuss in groups....
Share with peers...
Completed Packet is a Formative Assessment
Best intro will be graded as a Summative
Steps to writing a thesis
Odyssey Writing Task:
In Homer's Odyssey, many assume that the epic hero, Odysseus demonstrates and possesses the virtues of Ancient Greece as a true leader. However, some argue that Odysseus does not lead his men well.
Is Odysseus a reliable leader?
Do Now: April 2nd
In your groups, create an inverted triangle to represent the three parts of an introductory paragraph. Label and define each.
Make it colorful!
Introduction Review Quiz
1. What is the first step in creating an introductory paragraph?

2. What is funneling?

3. Name 3-4 different ways to "lead" an essay.
Agenda
Intro Review
Packet Completion
Summative Assessment
Movie ?
Exit Ticket: Checklist
Homework:
Complete Odyssey Part One Chronolog
and Epic Hero Graphic Organizer
Exit Ticket:
Introduction Checklist
The thesis is the "road map"
for an essay
It gives a paper its direction
Full transcript