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History of Qatar - Battle of Al Wajbah
Transcript of History of Qatar - Battle of Al Wajbah
Kaltham Al Majid
Al Maha Al Thani
Hanan Al Jeilani Introduction Why The Battle Politics - After Conclusion Politics and Ottomans Before Alwajbah
Why it happened?
During the Battle
Politics and Ottomans Before Alwajbah Battle Any Questions Thank You Was the result of years of Qatari political figures staying on the offensive
In the few years leading to the battle, British influences had increased dramatically throughout Qatar
•Qatar favored British influence; exchange was between Qatar’s oil and Britain’s popularity in internal realm and protection Ottomans noticed their slipping of power throughout the region and the increase in favoritism of the British, they became unhappy Medhet Pasha, an Ottoman governor of Ihsaa, wanted to increase his troop presence throughout Qatar and expand their territory borders
•Had already increased their position in Qatar by appointing Ottoman officials and creating administrations in:
•Also established a custom house at Doha and strengthened their garrison there Sheikh Jassim bin Muhammed Al Thani, the second Emir of Qatar, refused Medhet’s proposal- prompted Pasha to force the Emir to resign from his position; a position initially appointed by the Ottoman’s
In 1893, Medhet sent a letter to Sheikh Jassim requesting his presence in his vessel; Sheikh Jassim refused this “invitation.” Sent his brother and 15 tribal members to negotiate with them and come to a settlement; Ottoman fleet held them all captive instead
Sheikh Jassim was given an ultimatum by the Ottoman forces:
•handing himself over
•them killing his most important men Both Bedouin and non-Bedouin alike joined Jassim’s forces, and faced the Ottoman fleet
Battle began and fortunately only lasted a short period of time, all in Sheikh Jassim’s lead
Medhet Pasha agreed to release Jassim’s men so long as his men released the Ottoman captives as well
The battle of Al Wajbah emerged solely as a basis of which external force would be allowed to assert its dominance in Qatar the most •The battle took place on March 25th 1893
•Sheikh Jasim led men from all tribes, who were bedus and non-bedus to fight the ottoman army at the fort •They were outnumbered by Ottoman army
•They still managed to conquer the Al Wajbah fort
•Many of the Ottoman soldiers went for sanctuary at Wadi Al-Shaqab •152 rifles and a 3-pound cannon were confined by Sheikh Jasim’s forces
•400 Qataris were killed, these included women, men and children
•In the ottoman forces, 11 were killed with 55 wounded Political aspects before the battle began The 14th century was a period of economic prosperity in Qatar until the Portuguese took over the government of Hormuz in 1514
Qatar and Turkey wanted to get rid of the Portuguese.
The Arabian Peninsula falls under the authority and influence of the Ottoman Empire for more than 300 years until 1871 The Al-Khalifa clan moved across to Bahrain in 1783.
Medhet pasha welcomed sheikh Qassim’s enthusiasm and granted him the post of governor of Qatar in 1876
Sheikh Qassim fiercely disputed attempts to expand ottoman influence in Qatar and as a result a crucial battle occurred at Al-Wajba Sheikh Jassim to restore peace and order within Qatar
The benefit that resulted asserting Qatar’s dominance, minimize the impact of the Ottoman ruling within the country.
British maintained a protective mediator between Qatar and other nations,
Turkish nation imposed their involvement and argued that Qatar was a part of their own province.
The Indian government proposed to the British Government that a peaceful agreement must be found between Sheikh Jassim, and Bab Al Aley, the Ottoman government. The Indian government would continue to protect and support Sheikh Jassim. The British resolved this this agreement by stating that the Turks would stay within the city of Al Bid’a and will make no attempts to expand.
Qatar was protected by the British and the Indian military forces thus fear in any nation or government that would want to take over Qatar.