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The European Union
Transcript of The European Union
employment and to achieve balanced and sustainable development Purpose Policies Parliament Building Institutions The Euro Economics 1960-1969 History Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden UK To assert its identity on the international scene To strengthen the protection of the rights and interests of the nationals of its Member States through the introduction of a citizenship of the Union To maintain and develop the Union as an area of freedom, security and justice, in which the free movement of persons is assured in conjunction with appropriate measures with respect to external border controls, asylum, immigration and the prevention and combating of crime Based on Article 2 of the Treaty of the European Union: "UNITED IN DIVERSITY" (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Division of Power Primary Legislation Carries out all treaties Secondary Legislation includes regulations, directives and decisions – are derived from the principles and objectives set out in the treaties. Agriculture To ensure adequate European food production goes hand in hand with economically viable rural communities and action on environmental challenges such as climate change, water management, bioenergy and biodiversity. Environment Main priorities: protecting endangered species and habitats and using natural resources more efficiently "Natura 2000" is a strategy to stop the decline of endangered species and habitats by 2020 Employment make labor markets function better
equip people with the right skills for employment
improve job quality and working conditions
create jobs Foreign Policy no standing army under Common Security and Defense Policy, EU relies on
joint disarmament operations
humanitarian and rescue tasks
military advice and assistance
conflict prevention and peace-keeping
tasks of combat forces in crisis management, including peace-making and post-conflict stabilisation Climate Goals set forth for 2020:
reduce EU greenhouse gas emissions to at least 20% below 1990 levels
increase to 20% the proportion of EU energy consumption coming from renewable sources
reduce the amount of primary energy used – through energy efficiency - by 20% compared with projected levels Multilingualism 23 official EU languages Common goals are to to encourage language learning and promote linguistic diversity in society,
to promote a healthy multilingual economy, and
to give citizens access to European Union legislation, procedures and information in their own languages. The euro as a common currency for a large part of Europe has made it easier for the EU to react to the global credit crunch launched 1999 an advanced stage of economic integration based on a single market It involves close co-ordination of economic and fiscal policies and, for those countries fulfilling certain conditions, a single monetary policy and a single currency Monetary policy became the responsibility of the independent European Central Bank The framework under which the euro is managed makes it a stable currency with low inflation and low interest rates, and encourages sound public finances circulation in 2002 debating and passing European laws, with the Council
scrutinizing other EU institutions to make sure they are working democratically
debating and adopting the EU's budget, with the Council. European Council Meetings are essentially summits where EU leaders meet to decide on broad political priorities and major initiatives. 4 meeting occur each year. Council of the European Union Passes EU laws.
Coordinates the broad economic policies of EU member countries.
Signs agreements between the EU and other countries.
Approves the annual EU budget
Develops the EU's foreign and defence policies.
Coordinates cooperation between courts and police forces of member countries. European Commission Represents and upholds the interests of the EU as a whole, drafts proposals for new European laws, and manages the day-to-day business of implementing EU policies and spending EU funds. Court of Justice Interprets EU law to make sure it is applied in the same way in all EU countries. 1945-1959 1970-1979 1980-1989 1990-1999 Today The historical roots of the European Union lie in the Second World War. Europeans are determined to prevent such killing and destruction ever happening again. After the war, Europe is split into East and West as the 40-year-long Cold War begins. West European nations create the Council of Europe in 1949. A good period for the economy, helped by the fact that EU countries stop charging custom duties when they trade with each other. They also agree joint control over food production, so that everybody now has enough to eat - and soon there is even surplus agricultural produce. Arab-Israeli war of October 1973 result in an energy crisis and economic problems in Europe. The last right-wing dictatorships in Europe come to an end with the overthrow of the Salazar regime in Portugal in 1974 and the death of General Franco of Spain in 1975. The EU regional policy starts to transfer huge sums to create jobs and infrastructure in poorer areas. In 1986 the Single European Act is signed; a treaty which provides the basis for a vast six-year program aimed at sorting out the problems with the free-flow of trade across EU borders and thus creates the ‘Single Market’. 1989: the Berlin Wall is pulled down and the border between East and West Germany leading to the reunification of Germany. With the collapse of communism across central and eastern Europe, Europeans become closer neighbors. In 1993 the Single Market is completed with the the 'four freedoms' of: movement of goods, services, people and money. People become concerned about how to protect the environment and also how Europeans can act together when it comes to security and defense matters. The 2000s are defined by a severe economic crisis. The Greek economy has collapsed, (due to lavish spending) raising questions whether they should remain in the EU. The EU hopes that investments in new green and climate-friendly technologies and closer European cooperation will bring lasting growth and welfare.
The EU’s GDP — output of goods and services — is (€12,268,387 million 2010) EU's trade with the rest of the world accounts for around 20% of global exports and imports. The EU is the world’s biggest exporter and the second-biggest importer. 2012 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to: EU