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Adeel's Prezi

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Umaimah Chudawala

on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of Adeel's Prezi

The World's Energy Types of Energy:
Coal 1) Oil How does it work? Top Ten Oil Reserve Countries Based on oil production in the country
Oil made countries wealthy as money poured into the countries in exchange for the black gold-
Updated on August, 2012 1) Saudi Arabia

Country Capital City Billions of Barrels

Saudi Arabia Riyadh 264

Canada Ottawa 178

Iraq Baghdad 114

U.A.E. Abu Dhabi 98

Kuwait Kuwait City 102

Iran Tehran 138

Venezuela Caracas 99

Russia Moscow 79

Libya Tripoli 46

Nigeria Abuja 36 2) Canada 95% of reserves contained in the Athabasca Oil Sands fields
Located in northern Alberta 3) Iran The 4th largest producer of oil
Enough oil to last almost 100 years
Important trading partner 4) Iraq Up to 500 billion barrels of oil 5) Kuwait Oil lies in the Burgan Oil Field
2nd largest conventional oil field 6) Venezuela Difficult to estimate due to political problems
Not a stable trading partner 7) United Arab Emirates 98 billion barrels oil
Zakum Oil Field
The 3rd largest oil field in the Middle East 8) Russia Russia more than 79 billion barrels

International trade every year 9) Libya 46 billion barrels
17th largest producer of oil in the world 10) Nigeria The largest producer of oil on Africa
15th largest producer of oil
Oil reserves of 36 billion barrels
The United States is the third largest producer of oil in the world but the United States does consume far more oil than it produces. It consumes 13.5 million barrels of oil per day. Did You Know?

- Oil amounted to 1,354 billion barrels worldwide/ the Oil and Gas Journal (2009)

- Half of the increase since 2000 due to Canadian oil sands reserves

- OPEC countries 70 per cent of the world total reserves

- At 2009 rates of oil demand (84 mb/d), enough for a little over 44 years. How much oil is left? 2) Coal Energy How does it work?
1.China – 1956.0 million metric tons (mmt)
2.US – 556.8 mmt
3.Australia – 230.8 mmt
4.India – 222.4 mmt
5.Indonesia – 199.8 mmt
6.Russia – 157.3 mmt
7.South Africa – 143.8 mmt
8.Kazakhstan – 58.8 mmt
9.Poland – 56.6 mmt
10.Colombia – 55.8 mmt Top Coal Producing Countries Why is coal dirty? 1) Mining our Mountains
(mountaintop-removal mining) -Mining companies blow the tops off mountains to reach thin seams of coal

- Dump millions of tons of rubble and toxic waste into steams and valleys

- Poisons drinking water

- Destroys biodiverse forests and wildlife habitats

- Increases the risk of flooding

- Also causes air pollution Did you know?

This destructive practice, known as mountaintop-removal mining, has damaged or destroyed nearly 2,000 miles of streams and threatens to destroy 1.4 million acres of mountaintops and forests by 2020 2) Carbon Pollution -Coal = major contributor to air pollution
-Climate disruption manifesting in extreme weather such as hurricanes, intense storms, etc
-Glaciers are melting and sea levels are rising Did you know?

This destructive practice, known as mountaintop-removal mining, has damaged or destroyed nearly 2,000 miles of streams and threatens to destroy 1.4 million acres of mountaintops and forests by 2020 How Does Air Pollution Affect Our Health? Did you know?

This destructive practice, known as mountaintop-removal mining, has damaged or destroyed nearly 2,000 miles of streams and threatens to destroy 1.4 million acres of mountaintops and forests by 2020
Pollution from coal-fired power plants lead to smog
Can cause chest pain, coughing, and breathing difficulties
Children are at the greatest health risk

Soot pollution
-One of the deadliest and most dangerous air pollutants
-Smallest particles = less than 1/30th the width of human hair
-Can travel deep into your lungs and even enter the blood stream

Burning: Toxic Mercury
-Burning coal releases toxic mercury that rains down into rivers and streams
- Mercury is a powerful neurotoxin that can damage the brain and nervous system.
- Special concern to women

Disposal Coal ash waste
-140 million tons of coal ash pollution, leftovers
-Dumped in backyards of power plants
-Contains high levels of toxic heavy metals
-Causes: lower birth rates, cause tissue disease, slow development and even kill plants and animals Did you know?

In the United States, more than 40 percent of people live in areas with unhealthy levels of air pollution? Consumption of Coal US – 19.15 million barrels

Canada – 2.28 million barrels Consumption of Oil
- US remains the world’s second-largest consumer of coal

- growing by more than 70 % between 2000 and 2010

- the IEA estimates global coal reserves add up to 1 trillion tons

- some coal that’s not currently economically exploitable

- 21 trillion tons of coal buried underground

- Enough for more than 3,000 years How much coal is left? If we keep burning the stuff at current rates (or ever higher ones), we’ll be adding yet more carbon dioxide to an atmosphere that’s already more carbon-heavy than it has been for 15 million years. Did You Know? 3) Nuclear Energy How does it work? 1.France – 77.7 percent of electricity from nuclear
2.Belgium – 54.0 percent
3.Slovakia – 54.0 percent
4.Ukraine – 47.2 percent
5.Hungary – 43.2 percent
6.Slovenia – 41.7 percent
7.Switzerland – 40.8 percent
8.Sweden – 39.6 percent
9.South Korea – 34.6 percent
10.Armenia – 33.2 percent Nuclear Energy Used Uranium is no more unlimited in supply than oil, coal
Global uranium consumption is relatively small … about 68,000 tons per year
Enough uranium to keep reactors productive for about 80 years How much nuclear power is left? Did you know?

1. Proportion of world’s electricity supplied by nuclear power: 13 percent
2. Country with the largest share of electricity coming from nuclear power: France, with 74.1 percent
3. Uranium required for global nuclear power in 2012: 67,990 tonnes Alternative Energy Answer: replace and retrofit current technologies with alternatives
-Solar, wind, and other renewable resources
-Alternative energy - no undesired consequences
-"free" energy sources/ lower carbon emissions
-Biomass, Wind, Solar, Geothermal, Hydroelectric Energy -Carbon dioxide is released to the earth’s atmosphere
-Increased CO2 increases the warmth of planet
-Global Warming Effect
-The burning of fossil fuels and deforestation
-Led to the melting of polar ice caps & glaciers causing problems Solar Power Prevent the need to burn 60,000 pounds of coal
No acid rain, no urban smog
No pollution of any kind
Emission free while generating electricityUSA and Australia electricity suppliers more support solar
Accessibility of solar power in remote locations Wind Power Used sails to navigate the Nile River in 5000BC
Persians use windmills to pump water and grind grain
One of the most promising new energy sources
As an alternative to fossil fuel-generated electricity
More affordable, available, and pollution-free Did You Know?

Wind power is now the world's fastest growing energy source and has also become one of the most rapidly expanding industries, with sales of over $3 billion in 2008.
Mainly used to produce electric energy
Benefits in terms of environmental protection20% of all electricity is generated by water
Norway, all electricity produced at hydroelectric powering plants
No harmful chemicals
Economic cost of water-generated energy low
Certain threats for environment with flora and fauna
Dams built, create obstacle for fish migration“fish ladders” help fish swim upstream
Practical and sustainable Hydro Energy (Water) Did You Know?

Wind power is now the world's fastest growing energy source and has also become one of the most rapidly expanding industries, with sales of over $3 billion in 2008. How does energy work and how is it produced? Transportation (busses, cars, etc.)
Global usage amount could double, drastically decreasing amount of oil China and India have highest rate of growth of oil use; pattern will continue
Middle east will control most of the oil reserves
Will be more expensive, due to decreasing amount of oil Future of Oil Future of Coal Future of Nuclear Usage will continue at high amount
Steel production and power generation
Asia (mainly China) is the biggest market cost effective Wont be a large increase in amount; gradual
Widely used for electricity, and even provide power in ships and submarines
Most nuclear power plants exist in USA
Operate very efficiently but are expensive How long can humans survive due to scarce energy? Why is Saudi Arabia protected with more USA troops than its own country? • It’s position as most influential members of OPEC

• Currently the country with the most oil

• The U.S is dependent on oil: 40% energy production, 97% for vehicle fuel

• Important role in the Canadian and global economy

• Mixture of sand, clay, water and bitumen

• Oil sand can be found in several locations around the world

• Baska oil sands is the largest, and most developed

• Alberta accounts for about 98% of Canada’s oil reserves Alberta’s Oil Sand Advantages Abundance
Hydrogen is the most abundant element on Earth

Hydrogen is also an element and can't be destroyed, meaning that the world's supply will never be exhausted, as with fossil fuels.

Its only byproducts are heat and water.

Whereas fossil fuels create harmful carbon emissions when burned

Capable of producing more energy per pound of fuel than gasoline Disadvantages Storage Cost Hydrogen needs to be kept under strong compression to be a viable duel source. Hydrogen is also expensive to produce in sufficient quantities. Future for vehicles? Hydrogen over fossil fuels? WHICH ONE OF THESE THREE ENGERY IS IMPORTANT? Largest oil producing country
Has over 100 oil fields
Ghawar Field- largest regular oil field in the world
- US: 1,003,066 (thousand short tons)

- Canada: 47, 123 (thousand short tons)
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