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Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal peoples between 1820-1900

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John Smith

on 25 July 2013

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Transcript of Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal peoples between 1820-1900

Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal peoples between 1820-1900
Although the Aborigines had their land taken they did not simply sit there and watch the British settlers come and take it like they owned it. They resisted and started war soon engaged in long conflicts. Although the number of Aboriginal people who died was far greater than the European deaths they did manage to injure many of the Europeans and destroy crops and stock using the "guerrilla warfare". This meant that the Aborigines sent small groups out to surprise the Europeans and attack their food source and injuring many of them. Although the wars were over the These frontier wars brought high casualties along with them, resulting in many deaths on both sides, also known as massacres. Even when the wars ended the Europeans still wanted revenge. They sent out a large group of men to go down to the Bathurst Region of New South Wales and killed whatever Aborigines they could find. Eventually so many were wiped out that the leader of the Wiradjuri tribe surrendered to the British government.
Massacres and Frontier Wars
Aboriginal Missions and Reserves
Windradyne
Land Disputes and Dispossession
The conflict between Europeans and Aborigines first began in 1876. This first started when the first arrival of settlers arrived in Cairns. The two groups showed each other how much they hated one another except when they were trading resources. The hatred grew and soon the Aborigines had lost their hunting grounds and were soon becoming more aggressive. This angered the Aboriginals as they had a very strong connection with the land that they lived on and to be taken away from them left them furious. The Aborigines turned their anger on any Europeans they could find. The Europeans retaliated and killed every Aboriginal they could find, whether they responsible for the attack or not. The other Aborigines who survived soon caught on the spreading disease that the Europeans had spread and many died from them.
Source Analysis
Created by Brandon Nguyen

Windradyne was born on the 21st of March 1800. He was an Aboriginal warrior and the resistance leader of the Wiradjuri tribe. He was involved in the Frontier Wars and Massacres at Bathurst. The hostility between the Indigenous Australians and European settlers was starting to grow more intense up until the point where the Europeans took it too far. They built a road right through the Wiradjuri's Tribe that they were forced to move. After the Windradyne and his tribe moved they found out that food was scarce and survival was getting harder. He knew that his tribe had to do something to survive. Windradyne traveled with his tribe until they found some livestock and released and killed some. The Europeans saw this and retaliated with immense anger. They went out searching and killing any Aboriginal they could find. Soon both sides were engaged in a war that seemed endless. Both sides lost many men in the war but in the end it was the Aboriginals who fell. Windradyne is still well known for his fight for Australia and why his existence was so significant.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windradyne

http://www.iearn.org.au/fp/art/heroes/windra.htm

http://www.skwirk.com.au/p-c_s-14_u-179_t-524_c-1958/NSW/7/Experiences-dispossession/The-arrival-of-the-British/Aboriginal-colonisation-and-contact/History/

http://www.skwirk.com.au/p-c_s-14_u-179_t-524_c-1957/ACT/8/Experiences-Massacres-and-frontier-wars/The-arrival-of-the-British/Aboriginal-colonisation-and-contact/History/
The Aboriginal Missions and Reserves were a protected area where Aborigines were housed. These were pieces of land set aside by the government just for the Aborigines. However there were many different Missions and Reserves and many different expectations which had to be met. Some expected the Aborigines to change their culture and become "white", while others allowed them to live their way of life and be free with their culture intact. These reserves were often run by either a church group or the government, and in some rare cases both. Many aboriginals voluntarily joined these missions and reserves as they had their hunting grounds taken. These missions and reserves did save many aboriginal groups as they provided food and water. Those who refused to join soon died out from starvation and thirst. The missions and reserves provided the Aborigines with food, clean drinking water and clothing.
Historical Question
Question:
What impact did the Frontier Wars and Massacres have on the Indigenous Australians?

Answer:
The impact that the Frontier Wars and Massacres had was great. It led to many casualties on not only the Aboriginal's side but the Europeans as well.
Australian Frontier Wars and Massacres
The Australian Frontier Wars and Massacres were a series of long conflicts between the Indigenous Australians and European Settlers. The fight began in January 26 1788 and the last of the conflicts was in 1934. This was a total of 146 years of fights and quarrels over who owned the land of Australia and who got there first. Although both sides fought over the land, it affected the Indigenous Australians more greatly and the impact it had on the culture was far more greater than the European Settlers. The casualties from the Aboriginals were approximately at least 24,000 while on the other hand the European Settler's casualties ranged from 2,000 to 2,500. The deaths from the Aboriginals were almost 10 times the number of casualties from the European Settlers. Furthermore the Aborigines were also exposed and unprotected by the diseases that the European Settlers brought over, of which included; Measles, Influenza, Common Colds, etc. This led to the Aborigines having a major disadvantage and gave the Europeans the upper hand in combat and battle. This meant that the Aborigines were wiped out and had their land taken away from them, which the majority of people believed, rightfully belonged to them.
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