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Nathan Shek

on 27 May 2015

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Transcript of NUTRITION

Jason Luo and Nathan Shek
"nutrition." Health Reference Center. Facts On File, Inc.
Web. 13 May 2015.
Nutrition: How your food choices (types, amounts, quality) affects your health
How does nutrition affect the 6 components of health?
A perspective on nutrition and its importance
Nutrition: Overview
Throughout one's lifetime, there is a general consensus that nutrition (a.k.a one's choice of nourishment) is the region that an average American is most lacking in. Although the majority of the American populace places nutrients and food, a resource taken for granted in this modern era, very low on their priorities, there is no doubt that this overlooked component of life, and even survival itself, has massive effects on those with questionable nutrition.

Surprisingly, the demographic region of most nutritional concern lies in the middle class as well as the working class, due to the omnipresence of multiple fast food chains that have a plethora of unbalanced meal choices. The fault lies in the fact that most food choices of Americans in general are founded upon monetary and timely concerns, instead of concerns based on bodily wellness.
The objective of this presentation is to discover how people's eating habits affect their daily lives.
How much should one eat?
According to the FDA, the average American should consume approximately 2000 calories of food every day. However, this amount is often surpassed by Americans by a gross amount.

How to read a Nutritional Label
"Label Reading 101." Label Reading 101, The Facts about
Those Nutrition Tables. Runner's Feed, 23 Apr. 2013. Web. 22 May 2015.
MSG/Food Related Diseases
Fats and MSG: Limit your Intake!
MSG: Monosodium glutamate
-Used in stereotypical Chinese food, potato chips, sauces, soups, and processed meats
-Derived from glutamic acid
-Eating in excess (a mere 3 grams is the recommended size for a pound of meat or 5 servings of fried rice!) can cause side effects such as headaches, nausea, and intense thirst.
-Research has shown that MSG is indirectly related to obesity, type II diabetes, liver inflamation, high blood pressure, and small amounts of brain damage .
Type II Diabetes
lfaro, Danilo. "What Is MSG?" About Food. N.p., n.d.
Web. 22 May 2015.
Minton, Barbara L. "The Dangers of MSG." Food Matters.
N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.
Fat is the primary culprit of this offence:
While proteins and carbohydrates both provide only 2 calories per gram, each gram of fat gives off a whopping 9 calories. Since fat is so prevalent in fast food, this results in Americans receiving an overcompensating amount of calories, most of which will remain unused.
What happens when you undereat?
Government Regulation on Food
Although it seems that one should generally avoid overeating,
eating can have just as many negative effects on the mind and body. Undereating is typically associated with many eating disorders.
Effects (Examples):
Depression: Many of the nutrients in food affect the emotional centres of our brain and reducing these nutrients or affecting their balance affecst mood. Under-eaters generally feel depressed, low, and prone to be easily irritated or enraged.
Panic: Very low weight under-eaters may feel spaced out a lot of the time and not in touch with their feelings. Panic attacks are a common symptom often associated with panic about weight gain. Panic attacks onlysubside when weight becomes normal for your age and height.
Obsessions and Compulsions: Obsessiveness tends to rise when people undereat; they want to stick to one thing and one thing only, and this can affect the ability to be relaxed and spontaneous.
Eating too much fat is just one example of having an unbalanced diet. In order to be balanced, one must eat the correct amount of each food group (see MyPlate), as well as getting enough of each type of organic compound (proteins, carbohydrates/sugars, and lipids/fats). According to the FDA, this means that an average person should only intake 65 grams of fat, 50 grams of protein, and 300 grams of carbohydrates.
Guidance for Industry: A Food Labeling Guide. U.S. Food and Drug
Administration. Web. May 24, 2015.
A few years ago, Bloomsburg, then mayor of NYC, passed legislation banning soft drinks more than 16 ounces from being sold at any restuarant. This raised quite a bit of controversy, as defenders of soft drinks protested that their rights were being taken away from them. But is the government allowed to regulate nutrition and healthiness in people?
It has been reported that over the past 30 years, obesity rates have
. This means that obesity and malnutrition has become a large anough problem to, just maybe, fall under the jurisdiction of the government.
By limiting soft drink intake, the government is attempting to protect its citizens: in short, it is doing its job. Therefore, we are taking a positive stance on the topic of gocernment regulation of nutrition.
This new legislation is not necessarily banning NYC residents from drinking soda ever again. They're still allowed to freely drink soda as they wish, as long as the amount consumed in one sitting does not exceed 16 oz. Through this, one could argue that the human right to eat is not being taken away.
All in all, this is an opened ended question. The answer depends on you as a person, and your values. So we'll leave this one for you to decide.
-Making either not enough insulin or not using it properly...this causes glucose to build up in the blood, which can cause damage to nerves, small blood vessels of eyes+kidneys+heart (atherosclerosis), the hardening of arteries (causing heart attacks/stroke), dehydration, and diabetic coma.
-Caused by high blood pressure, obesity, genetics, low HDL cholesterol, and high tryglycerides (excess fat) -> In other words, MSG CAN CAUSE TYPE II DIABETES!!
"Sugar Controversies." CQ Researcher. Web. May 25, 2015.
Jade, Deanne. "National Centre for Eating Disorders - The Effects Of Under-Eating." National Centre for Eating Disorders. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2015.
Full transcript