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Role Of Clowns

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by

Genevieve Scott

on 24 February 2015

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Transcript of Role Of Clowns

Were they like clowns that are around today?
What did Elizabethan clowns wear?
Drawing of William Kempe dancing.
A picture of an actor dressed up as the character Touchstone.
Were there different kinds of clowns?
The clowns from the Elizabethan era are certainly similar to the modern clowns of today. Their main purpose, though they only played a minor role, was to entertain. The court jesters job was to entertain the monarch, especially if they were angry/sad. However, jesters soon started taking on the role as actors. Examples such Robert Armin and Richard Tarleton, who were both. Tarleton was actually a playwright as well as an actor and a jester. Today, clowns are meant to be a source of joy and amusement, just like the clowns of the Elizabethan era.
Role Of Clowns
In the medieval times, clowns/jesters wore costumes much different from modern clowns.
The first jesters wore
hats portraying the ears of a donkey, later versions
added the tail. After, the costumes became
more colorful and amusing.
Their hats had three points
with one jingle bell attached to each one.
They sometimes carried an object called a bauble that was made from a carved head/inflated bladder of an animal.
William Kempe (Kemp) is a very well known clown from the Elizabethan era. It is believed he starred in a number of Shakespeare's plays, including
Romeo and Juliet
and
The Merchant of Venice.
noun;
a person who writes plays
The period in English history when Queen Elizabeth I was reigning.
The character of Touchstone the Clown is from the play
As You Like It
by Shakespeare. He is a fool to the Court of The Duke and he is highly intelligent.
Almost all of William Shakespeare's plays included a clown/fool, including the play
The Merchant of Venice
. Lancelot, the clown in
The Merchant of Venice
, doubles as a servant and a clown. He served both characters Shylock and Bassanio. His job, like all of Shakespeare's fools, was to make a fool (literally) of him self and mess with the other characters.
Famous painting of Stańczyk
Stańczyk was a Polish philosopher fool of three kings. He is portrayed as upset because Smolensk, where he is from, had fallen to the Russians.
"A Catholic Democrat from Ohio." : Of Jesters and Fools – Stańczyk. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2014.
booza90. “A Visit with Fest, the Court Jester.” Online video clip. Youtube. Youtube, 24 Jan. 2008. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
Culwell, Lori M. ""The Role of the Clown in Shakespeare's Theatre"" N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"Elizabethan Jesters." Elizabethan Jesters. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"Everything Shakespeare - Free Essays." Twelfth Night - Analysis of Fools. N.p., n.d. Web. "Issue 72: Elizabethan Theatre: Part One." Elizabethan Theatre: Part One:: Spotlight: E-News from Theatrefolk. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"Medieval Jesters." Medieval Jesters. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"Nights at the Circus - Buffo the Great, the Clown of Clowns - Book Drum."Nights at the Circus - Buffo the Great, the Clown of Clowns - Book Drum. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"Shakespeare's 450th Birthday: Now All the World Is His Stage." The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, 20 Apr. 2014. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.
"Shakespeare's Clowns." All About Clowns. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"Shakespeare's Fools - Touchstone in As You Like It." Shakespeare's Fools - Touchstone in As You Like It. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "Lancelot in The Merchant of Venice." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"The Académie Inspector • /r/polandball." Reddit. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"The Shakespeare Code." The Shakespeare Code. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"William Kemp or Kempe, Elizabethan Comedian, 1600." Price an Image of from Heritage Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.


Source page
In the Elizabethan Era, there were two main kinds of fools. Those who behaved foolish on purpose were considered
artificial
fools. While those who were dwarfs or had a mental of physical disability were considered
natural
fools. One might think keeping a human with a disability for their own entertainment is cruel, this practice dates back to when the Roman kept people with mental disabilities "as pets". You could spot fools from the way they dress. Artificial fools wore stockings and tunics, while natural fools wore long robes made of rough material. The hoods on their clothes often had the ears of a donkey. Bells were often added to the arms and legs of their outfits.
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