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Family Mind Map
Transcript of Family Mind Map
In history, people needed to adapt to different environments and settings. Anthropologists have observed that the method people use to work and meet their needs for food, changes family forms and structure.
Families in History
There are many types of families around the world. They come in all shapes and sizes. There are different people who play important roles in the family so it can function.
Types of Families and Characteristics
Feudal or Aristocratic Societies
Families are a universal characteristic of every culture around the world. Family forms and functions vary around the world and from one society to another but all cultures contain this essential group.
Family systems are important for determining the relatives in the family and to whom the wealth is entitled to. In some cultures the wealth can be livestock, property or money.
An individual is considered to be of the same descent or group as his/her mother (share a last name).
An individual is considered to be of the same descent or group as his/her father (share the same last name).
A household may contain one or more families and individual members share eating and living space.
One or two parents regardless of gender plus their unmarried children living together.
Parents who have remarried and are living together with children from previous relationships.
Parents, regardless of gender, living with their unmarried children with other relatives such as grandparents.
Usually a mother, her children, and extended family members. This family form is useful to parents who do no have the resources to care for their child.
Sometimes called childfree, a couple regardless of gender, who are without children for whatever reason.
One parent, usually the mother figure, with children.
Common Law Family
An unmarried couple, regardless of gender, with or without children.
This is a mother and her children. This may be a single-parent family due to divorce, or a family created by choice by mothers who have the resources to raise children on their own.
One or more mothers and spouses who all live together.
A household can include extended family members and servants that, because they have worked for the family for such a long time, play roles in the household.
This was the most common family form throughout history. They consisted of extended family members, usually 12, who hunted together to get food. These types of families still exist today.
These families originated in Central and South America, the Middle East, China, and India. Gender roles were differentiated in terms that woman did housework and men worked on the fields all day. Extended were beneficial because of the extra hands that could be used either in the kitchen or in the fields.
The industrial revolution urbanized families in Europe, Japan ad North America. Nuclear families became more common in order to become more mobile. People depended on work in factories or in an industry to meet economic need and women looked after their children or worked at unskilled labor.
Post World War II created a world of working women who were involved in family income and became confident in their abilities to contribute. Because of the war nuclear families were still the norm but single parent families also became more popular because of war casualties and separation.
In India, an extended family form is common among Hindus and is known as the Hindu Joint family. In this family all males are blood related and females are their wives.
In Iceland, families are formed between relatives. Research shows that mating with a relative can increase the amount of children, however inbreeding can cause genetic malfunctions and infant mortality rates increase.
In South America, nuclear families are the most common, especially in rural areas and single person households are rarely found.
Unit 1: Activity4: Assignment1
And They all Lived
Happily Ever After