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Transcript of Reading Strategies
Reading is thinking!
Before-reading strategies get you ready to think about the text.
During-reading strategies keep you focused and make sure you're interacting with what you're reading.
After-reading strategies keep you thinking about the text so you understand and remember it.
Previewing is looking at the text features (title, headings, pictures, captions, etc.) to figure out the topic of the text.
Setting a purpose for reading means that you decide why you're reading.
Previewing helps you set up for other Before Reading Strategies--Activating Background Knowledge and Predicting.
When you know
you're reading a selection, it helps you figure out
you're going to read it.
When you activate background knowledge, you think about what you already know about the topic you'll be reading about.
Studies show that when readers connect the new information about a topic to their background knowledge, the readers understand and remember it better.
Visualizing is one of the best ways to understand and remember what you've read. You may not remember the author's words, but you'll remember the visuals you created.
Visualizing is creating images in your mind about what's happening in the text.
Inferring is making educated guesses based on new information that you read and your personal experiences.
Authors don't give readers all the details, so readers have "to read between the lines." Readers often have to infer characters' personality traits or the theme of a story.
When you monitor understanding, you're checking to see if you understand what you've read. Think about your purpose for reading and ask if you're finding the information you need.
If you don't understand what you're reading, there's really no point in reading it. Use "fix-up" strategies to clarify what you don't understand.
Clarifying means "making things clear." Use "fix-up" strategies.
1. Go back and read the confusing section slowly.
2. Look up a word you don't know.
3. Read on to see if further information helps you.
4. If you still can't figure it out, ask for help.
If you figure out the main idea, you'll understand and remember what you've read. It can help you form your own opinions about the topic.
Finding the main idea is locating or inferring the most important idea about the topic you've read about. Sometimes the main idea isn't stated. Think about the details that you read. Create a sentence that states the main idea.
10. Finding the Main Idea
When you summarize, you state the main ideas and the most important details in logical order.
12. Reacting to What You've Read
Finding similarities with what you've read and something you're already familiar with.
Text-to-Self: Reading something that reminds you of something that happened to you.
Text-to-Text: Reading something that reminds you of something that you read somewhere else, saw in a movie, or heard in a song.
Text-to-World: Reading something that reminds you of something in the news or of a historical event.
Summarizing shows that you understood what you've read. It shows that you can identify the main idea and can distinguish the most important supporting information from minor details.
2. Setting a Purpose for Reading
3. Activating Background Knowledge
Predicting means to make guesses about what will happen in the text.
Predicting keeps you thinking while you read and makes reading more interesting. Confirm or revise your predictions as you read new information.
6. Making Inferences
7. Monitoring Comprehension
Authors often build ideas one on another. If you don't clear up a confusing passage, you may not understand the main idea or information that comes later.
Questioning is asking questions about the text and finding or inferring the answers as you are reading.
There are all types of questions readers can ask themselves from monitoring comprehension-type questions to analyzing the author's writing style.
Extend your thinking about what you've read:
How does it make you feel?
How does it connect to your background knowledge?
Can you use the information you read?
What new questions does it make you wonder about?
If you don't think about what you read, you may not remember it, so USE IT or LOSE IT!
13. Making Connections
Making connections is yet another way to help you remember and understand
what you read!