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Hamlet Act V

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Aleena Abraham

on 6 November 2014

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Transcript of Hamlet Act V

Thank You!
The Gravediggers
> The gravediggers play an important role in act 5. They create a comic relief at a time of death and misery.
Quotes Explained!
Hamlet Act V.
Summary
Scene 1
Summary
Scene 2
More Dramatic significance
The play starts with two gravediggers talking about Ophelia's death. Hamlet enters with Horatio and they have a conversation with one of the gravediggers. Hamlet goes back to his memories about Yorick. Later, Ophelia's funeral procession enters the scene. Hamlet and Horatio passes by the funeral and soon realizes that it is Ophelia who had died. There is tension between Hamlet and Laertes as they argue about their love towards Ophelia. The scene ends with Claudius reminding Laertes of the revenge.
Dramatic Significance of the skull
> The gravediggers refer to Ophelia's economic status which shows how rich people were given advantage over poor people in the past. ("If this had not been a gentlewoman, she should have been buried out o' Christian burial."V.1.24-26)

Dramatic Significance Continued
There are many examples of allusions in Act 5 scene 1:


Characterization:
Rosencrantz & Guildenstern
- innocent (not knowing that they will be killed any moment)
- traitor (Claudius' servant and betraying Hamlet by the letter)

Hamlet
- Clever (Instead of him to be killed, he ordered the King of England for Rosencrantz & Guildenstern to be executed by using his father’s seal. )
"Alexander died, Alexander was buried, Alexander returneth into dust.."(5.1.210). This is reference to Alexander, the great.
"Imperious Caesar, dead and turn'd to clay, Might stop a hole to keep the wind away.."(5.1.214)
"To o'ertop old Pelion, or the skyish head of blue Olympus.."(5.1.253)
Game Time!
There is
biblical allusion
as one of the gravediggers say that they do Adam's profession.
> "You don’t know that? Any fool could tell you, it was the day that young Hamlet was born—the one who went crazy and got sent off to England" (V.1.151-153.)

There is
dramatic irony
as the gravedigger is unaware that he is talking to Hamlet about Hamlet. However the readers know this.
> "The Scripture says Adam digged. Could he dig without arms?"(V.1.36)


Pun
. Here arms may refer to both hands and weapons.
Hamlet tells Horatio what happened in Denmark. He saw a letter in Rosencrantz and Guildenstern's cabin saying that Hamlet should be beheaded for the sake of the country. Hamlet managed it and send the letter to the King of England telling them to kill the bearers of the letter (which is Rosencrantz and Guildenstern).
He sealed it by using his father's own signet (a ring) which is in his purse. Hamlet feels sorry for Laertes for killing Polonius and wants to make up with him. Osric sends a message to Hamlet asking him if he is willing to have a friendly duel with Laertes.
Scene 1: Dramatic Significance
> Foreshadowing :
The fight between Hamlet and Laertes at the graveyard foreshadows the real fight between them in scene 2.
"Alas, poor Yorick! I knew him, Horatio, a fellow of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy. He hath borne me on his back a thousand times, and now, how abhorred in my imagination it is! My gorge rises at it. Here hung those lips that I have kissed I know not how oft. —Where be your gibes now? Your gambols? Your songs? Your flashes of merriment that were wont to set the table on a roar? Not one now to mock your own grinning? Quite chapfallen? Now get you to my lady’s chamber and tell her, let her paint an inch thick, to this favor she must come. Make her laugh at that.—Prithee, Horatio, tell me one thing." (V.1.185-197)
"It must be se offendendo. It cannot be else. For here lies the point: if I drown myself
,
wittingly, it argues an act. And an act hath three branches—
it is to act, to doto perform
. Argal, she drowned herself wittingly."(V.1.9-12)

"Swounds, show me what thou'lt do.
Woo’t weep? Woo’t fight? Woo’t fast? Woo’t tear thyself?
Woo’t drink up eisel, eat a crocodile?
I’ll do ’t. "(V.1.275-280)
> Hyperbole
> Characterization of hamlet.
Dramatic Significance Continued
"But I am very sorry, good Horatio,
That to Laertes I forgot myself,
For by the image of my cause I see
The portraiture of his. I’ll court his favors.
But sure the bravery of his grief did put me
Into a towering passion"(V.2.75-80)
Characterization of Hamlet
Major Theme: Revenge
"Does it not, think thee, stand me now upon—
He that hath killed my king and whored my mother,
Popped in between th' election and my hopes,
Thrown out his angle for my proper life
(And with such cozenage!)—is ’t not perfect conscience
To quit him with this arm? And is ’t not to be damned
To let this canker of our nature come
In further evil?"
(V.2.63-70)
Dramatic significance
"With,ho! such bugs and goblins in my life." (metaphor)

"Why, man, they did make love to this employment; They are not near my conscience; their defeat. Does by their own insinuation grow:" (irony)

"Dost know this water-fly?"
(imagery)

"He is the card or calendar of gentry." (metaphor)


Function of the scene:

The function of Act 5 scene 2 is about Hamlet escaping his death. He was about to be executed by the King of England, but then he saw the letter about him being executed and he changed it to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern,oredring them to be killed.
3. Who is ready to eat a crocodile for Ophelia?
a) Laertes

b)

c) Getrude
Hamlet
2. What does the skull symbolize?


a) Death and mortality

b) Ambiton

c) Morality

d) None of the above
1. What is the function of the gravediggers?


a) To provide a comic relief

b) To inform Ophelia's death to the audience

c) None of the above

d) All of the above
4. Who dies in England ?

a) Rosencratz

b) Guildenstern

c) Horatio

d) Both a and b
"He is the card or calendar of gentry."

What is the literary device used in this quote?
"Does it not, think thee, stand me now upon—
He that hath killed my king and whored my mother,
Popped in between th' election and my hopes,
Thrown out his angle for my proper life.."
1. Who is the speaker and the person spoken to?
2. What is the theme of this quote?
3. Who is the speaker talking about? Explan.
Full transcript