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The Listening Guide

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Annie Straka

on 26 March 2015

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Transcript of The Listening Guide

The Listening Guide
What is feminist methodology?
Not one method or approach but a set of methodological features
Central focus on voice
Research is relational - social phenomena get defined as problems because of the people who are affected (Harding, 1987)
Inquirer is placed in the same "critical frame" as the subject matter (Harding, 1987)
The Listening Guide
A relational, feminist, qualitative method (Brown and Gilligan, 1992; Gilligan et al, 2003)
Attends to the polyphonic, nonlinear voices that exist within an individual narrative
Method is creative and flexible, and allows for the complexity of human experience
Implicitly acknowledges that the interviewee’s story is co-constructed with the interviewer
First Listening: Listening for Plot
Listen openly for concepts and themes
Sketch the overall plot
Listen for the stories that are told, including the characters, context, and landmarks (significant events) of the interview
Respond to the narrative, acknowledging your relation to the narrative and the interviewee
Second Listening: Listening for Voice
Illuminates the voice of the “I” – the person who is telling the story
Requires the listener to attend to the use of first person (the voice of the “I”) throughout the interview
Includes listening for second (the voice of the “you”) and third person voices (the voice of “he,” “she,” or “they”) as well
Results in formation of I-poems, which visually isolate the voice of the "I"
Third & Fourth Listenings: Listening for Contrapuntal Voices
A voice-centered, relational method of analysis
How does it work?
Researcher "listens" to the transcribed interview text at least four times
Each listening has a unique focus but no listening is meant to stand alone
Researcher uses different colored pencils to underline text during each listening
Researcher writes interpretive summaries after each listening to create a "trail of evidence" (Gilligan et al., 2003)
Example of Transcript Using LG Analysis
I-Poem Example
Excerpt from interview with Sister Louise Akers, a Catholic nun who was fired from teaching in the Archdiocese for her belief in women's ordination
And he said, “You must make a public statement that you have changed your mind and you now agree with the teaching of the Church against women’s ordination.” I said, “What?” I mean, I was floored. And he said, he repeated it, and I said, “Well, I can’t do that.” I said “First of all, that’s brutally a lie, and secondly it’s against my conscience, I can’t do that.” And he said, “Well then you accept the consequences.” And I said, “Well, what are the consequences?” And he said, um, “You can no longer teach in parishes or any structure related to the diocese.” And I thought, I gotta get out of here.
Excerpt as an I-Poem
Meant to identify different layers or tensions present in the person’s narrative
In musical terms, “contrapuntal” refers to the sound of two or more independent but harmonically related parts sounding together
These listenings allow for creativity and flexibility to combine levels of analyses (Raider-Roth, 2003)
Composing the Analysis
An interpretation that synthesizes what was learned throughout the entire process
Returning to the research question
LG can stand alone or be used with other qualitative methods
Annie Straka - EDST 8051
Full transcript