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Safety and Security of the Food Chain
Transcript of Safety and Security of the Food Chain
New traceability methods
Fight against falsification of the place of origin
Strengthening the strategic cooperation, building partnerships
Unfair market practices
Fight against fraud
Partnership in research and innovation
Risk reduction and
whitening of the food chain
Transparent risk analysis
Data integration of other organizations
Support for network science, data mining research
Facilitation of consumer information systems
Global information management
Research, development and innovation in the food chain
Strong and credible authority
Public awareness raising
Safety Strategy (not only food safety strategy)
Food Chain Safety Strategy (FCSS)
protection of people and society
by improving food chain safety
intended to be achieved through protection of health and economy,
where health includes not only to be free from diseases but also physical, mental and social well-being;
and protection of economy covers beyond enforcing the nation's economic interests also purity and sustainability of economic processes.
Food chain safety is...
assurig that food chain doesn't pose an unacceptable health or socio-economic risk to individuals nor to the society
There is always a residual risk at the end, so 'zero risk' is unachievable
How food chain safety can be improved?
Identifying as much food chain hazards as possible, then risks should be reduced to an approppriate level.
With direct management and control of risks
all stakeholders can affect food chain safety positively even in the short run
With knowledge management
level of knowledge of all stakeholders should be improved, to help them in doing the right things and doing the things right
FAO's Strategy for a Food Chain Approach to Food Safety and Quality (2003)
European Commission: Competitiveness, Employment – The Challenges and Ways Forward into the 21st Century
Why knowledge management?
Dual nature: objective vs subjective
stakeholders have different knowledge, information on the processes, products and players of the food chain
this information asymmetry is present between all stakeholders, but it is most significant in the relation between FBOs and consumers
the FBOs know significantly more about their products than the consumers or the authorities
Dual nature: objective vs subjective
Risk perception of consumers differs from the evidence based risk assessment results.
Two existing viewpoints:
Risk controls and management
Why a strategy? Why now?
“Vision without action is a daydream.
Action without vision is a nightmare.”
The world’s food trade grows faster than the food production
Ercsey-Ravasz, M., Toroczkai, Z., Lakner, Z. & Baranyi, J. Complexity of the International Agro-Food Trade Network and Its Impact on Food Safety. PLoS ONE 7, e37810 (2012)
Complicated network (instead of chain)
Protection of health is important, but other factors are becoming relevant as well (e.g. socio-economic, ethical, environmental, sustainability, etc.)
Complex protection of the society
and on the other hand the strategy can contribute to the food chain (as a several trillion HUF value national economy area) becoming a future breakout point
the food chain products (particularly food) will be healthy, high quality and safe, and the people and the society will show a high degree of awareness and responsibility in the manufacture, sale, use, or consumption of those products.
In this context, the society includes all food chain stakeholders, in addition to the consumers, businesses and authorities, the media, the politics, different professional, educational, scientific and non-governmental organisations as well.
Control system for the process, pre- and proactive
Direct chain of command
Centralized control and construction of institutional background
System-wide process control
Modern education & training
General proactive risk communication
Bidirectional process – credible authority is needed
Education of children (National Curriculum)
Involving secondary schools, vocational training system
Professional university education
Active public relations
Extensive risk reduction
Biological hazards (plant health, animal health, food)
If we succeed...
the food chain will resist the external, disruptive environmental changes,
it may result in improving food chain safety even in the short term
this can serve the improvement of human health protection,
New strategic thinking of the European Commission in the field of food chain safety: changes in legal framework, forsight studies, etc.
FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (2011): shifting the focus from responding to contamination to preventing it
Why risk control and management?
Today in Hungary – and in the developed countries, according to WHO estimates – 3 million people get sick each year of food-borne diseases (although only a fraction of them visit medical services)
But food chain is highly affected by undeclared incomes or earnings (even 45-55% in some sectors)
The opinion of the general public about public administration deteriorated
Need for common research and innovation partnerships.
We can talk about aproppriate level of protection
Risk reduction should be based on evidence based, objective expert assessments, taking into account costs and possible benefits
Risk is not an external factor which exists independently of anything. There is no real "objective" risk.
The governments elected can't ignore the feelings, fears or perceptions of the society
Food security issues
Global population growth
Increasing complexity of the food chain
Food chain safety issues
Quick reaction & loss minimization
Education & public relations: need for a credible voice
Many of the diseases could be prevented by better shopping habits, kitchen techniques, etc.
Hundreds of billions HUF burden annually to the national economy
To underpin this process large amount of info is needed
Changing roles of public administration: from sanctioning control body towards knowledge center
Attempts of administrative reforms usually failed.
However, by setting up the county and the district government office system, map of the local administration had been fundamentally re-drawn recently
Information explosion: large amount of data & information
More is different: new information management systems are needed enabling new types of analyses
Need for transparent risk assessment along food chain:
support decision making
protection of certain critical infrastructures
comprehensive certification and traceability systems
General public, businesses, government: they form a knowledge network
This network needs a constant R&D
Central elements of the EU medium-term strategies are to enhance Europe's competitiveness.
Important tools to achieve this aim are R&D&I
Major sources in the next EU budget cycle
A prerequisite for this is to strengthen the innovation capabilities and capacities of the authority
R&D&I framework gives possibilities for
evidence based risk analysis
Many risk reduction programs are needed for well known hazards
Unintentional vs intentional: other type of risk analysis is needed
Net sales of the visible part of the whole food chain come out at 12-13 trillion HUF per year
There are incredible reserves in the food chain from point of national economy
Increasing risk of sabotage or terrorism affecting food chain
Reorganization of the
Protection of critical infrastructures