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Muslim World & Asia 1300-1600

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Scott Wike

on 30 January 2017

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Transcript of Muslim World & Asia 1300-1600

The Muslim World & Asia
Timurid Empire
Shia Muslim dynasty located in Persia that blended Persian, Ottoman, and Arab cultures
Safavid Empire
Muslim dynasty that controlled the Indian subcontinent for 300 years
Mughal Empire
Final dynasty of imperial China
Ruled by the Manchu people from Northeastern China
Qing Dynasty
Period of governmental stability and cultural flourishing that was the last dynasty controlled by ethnic Han
Ming Dynasty
Turkish empire on the Anatolia Peninsula that lasted from 1300 through World War One
Ottoman Empire
Unified Japanese government that lasted from 1603 to 1868
Tokugawa Shogunate
Founder of the Timurid Empire who is considered to be the last great nomadic conqueror from the Eurasian steppes
Revolt of Isfahan
Capture of Delhi
Legacy of Tamerlane
Killed 17 million people
Destroyed Nestorian Christian Church in Asia
Viewed as an ally of Europe because of his defeat of an Ottoman sultan
Gunpowder Empires
Muslim empires that used cannons and guns to expand their territories
Safavid, Ottoman & Mughal
Founder of the Safavid Dynasty
Massacre of Sunni Muslims
Shah Abbas
Reformist leader of the Safavid empire who expanded trade with Europe, fixed corruption and modernized the military
Fall of the Safavids
Lack of able successors led the the fall of the dynasty by 1747
Delhi Sultanate
Period of Turkic Muslim rule of India for over 300 years
Descendant of Genghis Khan who founded the Mughal Empire in India
Shah Jahan
Mughal emperor who ushered in a golden age of art and architecture
Taj Mahal
Nicknamed the "world-siezer", he expanded the Mughal Empire to its largest size
Expanding the Empire
Over 100 million citizens at its height, more than all of Europe
Religious tolerance of Hindus and Sikhs
Diversity permitted all citizens the chance to advance in the government
Fair tax policies based on wealth
Fatehpur Sikri
Qutub Minar
Religious Conservatism
Collapse of the Mughals
Abandoned pluralism leading to civil war and religious conflict
Over-expansion led to constant war and lack of money
Lack of power allowed European nations to begin imperial control
Diversity of India
Hongwu Emperor
Forbidden City
Palace of the Chinese Emperor in Beijing, Chi
Yongle Emperor
Third emperor of the Ming Dynasty who promoted exploration, built the Forbidden City and expanded education
Ming Collapse
Zheng He
Muslim eunuch who led seven naval expeditions throughout Asia and Africa
Matteo Ricci
Italian Jesuit priest who spread Christianity to China
First emperor of the Ming Dynasty who purged Mongol influences and restored Chinese prosperity
Yongle Encyclopedia
Treasure Ships
Exploration & Diffusion
Great Wall of China
Osman I
- Title given to Ottoman rulers meaning "one with power"
Mehmed the Conqueror
Ottoman sultan who took the city of Constantinople from the Byzantines
Suleyman the Lawgiver
Longest reigning Ottoman sultan who expanded the empire and ruled during a golden age of art & architecture
Expanding the Empire
Governing Policy
Dardanelles Gun
Siege of Constantinople
Vlad the Impaler
Hagia Sophia
Created a unified legal and taxation system
- Elite military force loyal only to the Sultan
Made of Christian boys from conquered territories
Permitted religious freedom for Jews & Christians as long as they stayed loyal
Relations with the West
Isolationist policy led to limited trade and only in special ports
Kangxi & Qianlong
Manchu emperors who created stability in China and expanded the country to its largest size
Japanese Culture
Rigid societal structure based on land and the military
Urbanized society led to cultural growth
Relations with the West
Rebellions by Christian converts and missionaries led to its elimination in Japan
Completely isolated from the West except for Dutch and Chinese traders
Full transcript