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Copy of Political Features of British North America in the 1800's

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colin allum

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Political Features of British North America in the 1800's

The Political Features of
British North America
The Government of the Canadas
Government in the Maritimes
The Distant Colonies
The politic
al sys
tem of the
anadas was structured co
mpletely differe
nt than now
The Crown
, the country’s monarch, appointed the Governor, which was usually a British nobility (king or queen)
... then the
appoints the
executive council
and the
legislative council
, which are usually composed of conservative people...
... then the
executive council
was in charge of the
legislative assembly
, which were elected by voters and composed of members from
Canada West and Canada East
(at that time, only male citizens were allowed to vote)...
The executive council decided what bills would be passed to become laws
, but the
, the
legislative assembly
and the legislative council
had to approve the passed bill
in order for it to be an official law.
only get to elect members of the legislative assembly
At that time, Canada East had as many members in the legislative assembly as Canada West.
But as close as they were, they constantly fought with each other about the best ways to cope with economical, transportation, and representative problems in both Canadas (East and West), so compromising was a challenge for them.
Before 1784, there were only two colonies in the Maritimes - PEI and Nova Scotia.
But then in 1784, Nova Scotia was divided into three smaller colonies: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Cape Breton Island.
In the 1850s, New Brunswick and Cape Breton Island decided to unite as one larger colony to reduce the amount of money used for government purposes and better influences to British North America.
Though the two colonies believed having two colonies unite is enough, the British monarch believed that having PEI, the smallest colony at that time, will have even more benefits from it, since all three colonies had similar political systems and governments.
Hi and welcome to our presentation on Pg. 17 - 22 of the Pearson History textbook. Here, you will learn about the political features of British North America in thr 19th century. So let's get started!
Below is an illustration of the political system of British North America at that time
Chapter 1 Key Definitions

Crown: a symbolic term referring to the monarch of a country
What was Prince Edward Island’s absentee landlord problem?
The British took over the French colonies in what later became Canada. At that time, most of the land in PEI was given to the richest people there. Also, local farmers who worked hard in the fields were living as tenants on rented land from absentee landowners, called "landlords".
In different colonies, farm families could buy land for a very cheap price. But in P.E.I, this wasn’t possible. Therefore, the farmer tenants pushed for a change and they passed some resolutions. Some resolutions were that the owner of the land can’t sell the tenant’s property to pay rent.
Another thing is the tenants should have the right to buy land, not rent. The absentee landlords was an issue that made P.E.I a different place than the rest of British North America.
There were other colonies in British North America, but since they were too far away they couldn’t have close relations with Canada and the three Maritime colonies. The sea was too dangerous across the Cabot Strait to go to Newfoundland.
British Columbia and Vancouver Island

In the West there were two colonies: British Columbia and Vancouver Island. British Columbia was before known as New Caledonia, and then it became a colony in 1858. In 1866, Vancouver Island and British Columbia were united into one larger colony. All of the colonies had a British Government system.
American Republic VS British Monarchy

Americans came north into B.C. to join the "Gold Rush Movement" in the 1850’s, but some British Columbians felt the rest of British North America was too distant. They argued that it should become part of the United States, and that they should get rid of the Crown. Most of the population thought that the American Republic was way better than the British Monarchy. They preferred to have an elected ruler than one who was decided to be the ruler by blood and heritage.
Presentation based on Pg. 17 -22 of the Pearson Canadian History 8 textbook
Did You Know…

That Vancouver, BC, is one of the most ethnic cities in Canada? Vancouver started as a British colony that only spoke English but now, many cultures and religions have taken over the city. Currently, only 48% of its population speaks English.
Did You Know…

That the term depicting the unity of PEI, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia is “The Maritime Union”? If the three colonies were to reunite again, they would be currently known as the 5th largest Canadian province.
Did You Know…

That Canada was formed by the British North America Act of 1867? It was formed by multiple British North American colonies on July 1st, 1867 and documented the fact that the upper part of BNA (modern-day Canada) would be independent and named Canada.
This presentation was taken from another prezi
Nobility: members of the highest class of society
Conservative: preferring what is safe and familiar rather than wanting change and risk
Political deadlock: a situation where progress cannot be made because the parties involved disagree
Republic: a government system in which all of the politicians are elected by voters
Candian Prime Minister
Steven Harper is the leader
of the conservative party
Full transcript