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Elizabethan Era Medicine & Illness

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miranda sanchez

on 22 April 2014

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Transcript of Elizabethan Era Medicine & Illness

AKA "Black Death" killed 1/3 of the population in crowed cities such as London. Black Death circulated through "rat fleas" -which were infected fleas that lived on rats- it was also and air-borne disease.
Symptoms include: Fever, Chills, Headache, Abdominal pain, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea, and Decreased appetite. In more extreme stages rapid heart rate, delirium and death occurred.
To treat "Black Death" it was common to rub infected area with warm butter, garlic and onion.
Bubonic plague is caused by Yersinia Pestis bacteria which is transmitted by rodents, fleas, lice, dogs and cats.
The Bubonic Plague lead to black blisters oozing blood and pus on the infected area(s), which can lead to Gangrene.
Bubonic Plague
Elizabethan Era Medicine & Illness
Small pox was passed around from contact with an infected person, animal, area, ect.
Symptoms include: Fever, Fatigue, Headache, Backache, and Rash. After someone is infected it may take a few days for the pus-filled rashes to appear all over the body. Then the rashes will peel off, and leave a pitted scar.
Small pox are caused by the Variola virus and can be spread through contact with somebody infected or touching of the actual blisters.
Treatment: There was no known cure for the Small pox during the Elizabethan Era, so physicians suggested that the infected drank water, and slept.
Small pox
Malaria was mainly spread through mosquitoes, these mosquitoes became infected from the Thames River, and transferred Malaria to others. It could also be transferred through blood transfusions, or sharing needles.
Symptoms: Fever, Chills, Nausea, Vomiting, Sweats, and Body aches. Severe Malaria: Behavioral differences, Respiratory issues, low blood pressure, and acute kidney failure.
Treatment: NO known cure for malaria in the Elizabethan era.
Diseases were wide spread and rarely cured for because of the crowded atmosphere.
There was no healthy space for the sick to be tended for, and many surfaces in London were infected with germs from other sick citizens.
Disease was also contracted from the lack of regular sanitation, infected water, and passing of illness from people and animals.
Open sewers were filled with garbage and could easily spread air-borne germs.
Rodents were commonly known to have diseases and spread them to people at their homes and in public.
Disease Contraction
Physicians wore black boots, long robes, and beaked masks to protect themselves from contacting the disease from their patients. This choice of attire is what is believed to have protected them from sickness. Only the wealthy could afford to get a physicians help, because it would cost 10 shillings.
Elizabethan Era Physicians
Medicine was extremely simple, and was not very effective, People who needed teeth pulled out got their teeth pulled out hard, with no pain killer! People had limited access to medicine because very basic medicine was fairly expensive. In the Elizabethan Era there was no adequate health system. It was believed that because disease was passed on by 'sins of the souls.' People were treated through prayer and meditation. Sometimes potions were given to people to relieve pain and uncomfortableness. Poor people would contact the 'wise women' to rid the infected of the disease, if needed people living in the household would make a potpourri of varies herbs.
The Humours were blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile.
Based upon the level of humours in your body determined your physical or mental health.
Elements were air, water, earth and fire. These were also used to determine somebody's personality and health. It is not known how the elements are related to the humours but they were used to find the treatment for the disease.
Physicians believed that these qualities in a person were tied to their health and personality.
Medicine was not scientific during this period, so people used Supernatural Arts to determine the cause and treatment of a given disease.
"Four Humours and Four Elements"
"Four Humors - And there's the Humor of it: Shakespeare and the Four Humors."
US National Library of Medicine September 19,2013
Web. April 22,2014.

"Elizabethan Era"
Elizabethan Era
. Web. April 22, 2014

"Gothic tea society"
Gothic tea society
Web. April 22, 2014

"Medicine in Elizabethan Times"
Web. April 22,2014.
Works Cited
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