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The civil war
Transcript of The civil war
First battle of bull run
Attack on fort sumter
Larger population soldiers lack skill
huge industrial base fighting on unfamiliar territory
easy time recognizing central government
easy to organize army
better system of travel and messsaging
fighting on familiar territory smaller population
better marksmen lack of transportation
better generals at the beginning of the war less factories
economy is reliant on the north
1. Attack on fort sumter-April 12,1861
2.First battle of bull run-July 21,1861
3.Battle of Pea ridge-March 8, 1862
4.Battle of shiloh-April 6,1862
5. seven days battle-June 26,1862
6.Second battle of bull run-August 28,1862
7.Battle of antietam-September 16, 1862
8. Emanicpation proclomation- January 1,1863
9. Seige of vicksburg-may 18,1863
10.Battle of gettysburg-July 1, 1863
11.Sherman's march to the sea-November 15, 1864
12. Surrender at appotomax-April 9,1865
This battle happened on July 21, 1861
Major land battle in the civil war.
35,000 union soldiers marched from Washington to meet up with 20,000 confederate soldiers
The battle happened on April 12, 1861
52 confederate soldiers were killed
Major Robert Anderson surrendered at the fort and evacuated the next day.
by: Christian and Sarah
The civil war
16,000 confederacy troops tried to defeat the unions 10,500soldiers
Battle of Pea ridge
Confederates launched surprise attack on union forces both sides suffered heavy losses with more than 23,000 causalities
Battle of Shiloh
Federal army over,100,000 well supplied soldiers positioned
June 26,-July 1, 1863
7 days of battle, and 6 major battles
Seven days Battle
The confederacy wanted to full john popes union troops through. 62,000 union
50,000 confederate troops
Second Battle of Bull Run
Fought on September 17,1862
First major battle in the american civil war to take place on union soil
bloodiest single day battle in american history with 22,717 deaths
Battle of Antietam
May 18-July 4,1863
Two major assaults against the confederates with the confederates having run out of resources and forced to hold the fort for 40 days they finally surrendered on July 4,1863
Siege of Vicksburg
Was created by President Lincoln
Stated that all persons held as slaves, are and henceforth shall be free
applied to states that succeeded from the union
General, Robert E. Lee
led the attack against General George G. Meads forces. There were seven battles in all, Gettysburg,cemetery hill,devil's den,little round top,wheatfield,each orchard, and culp's hill.
It was a union victory.
Battle of Gettysburg
Led by union General William T. Sherman
Sherman led 60,000 soldiers on a march of 285 miles from Atlanta to Savannah Georgia.
They led havoc through the towns stealing food and livestock and burning houses.
Sherman's march to the sea
Robert E. Lee's forces were weak and they were running out of supplies
so Robert surrendered at the house of Wilmer Mclean in the village of appomattox courthouse.
Surrender at Appomattox
Abraham Lincoln( February 12,1809-April 15,1865 was the 16th president of the united states, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln the united states through its Civil War- its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional and political crisis. In doing this he preserved the union,abolished slaver, strengthened the national government and modernized the economy.
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807-October 12,1870) was an american career military officer who is best known for having commanded the confederate army of northern Virginia in the American Civil War. The son of Revolutionary war officer Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee the third and a top graduate of the United States Military Academy, Robert E. Lee distinguished himself during the Mexican-American War, served as superintendent of the United States Academy, and married Mary Custis.
Robert Edward Lee
Jefferson Finis Davis(June 3, 1808- December 6, 1889) was a United States soldier and statesman, and was the president of the confederate states of America during the Civil war. He took personal charge of the Confederate war plans but was unable to find a strategy to defeat the larger, more powerful and better organized Union. His diplomatic efforts failed to gain recognition from any foreign country. At home he paid little attention to the collapsing confederate economy; the government printed more and more paper money to cover the expenses, leading to runaway inflation.
Jefferson Finis Davis
Elizabeth was born on October 25,1818 in Richmond, Virginia to John Van Leward Eliza Baker, whose father was Hilary Baker, mayor of Philadelphia from 1796 to 1798. Elizabeth's father came to Richmond in 1806 at the age of 16 and, within twenty years, had built up a prosperous hardware business and owned several slaves.
Elizabeth Van Lew
Clarissa Barton (December 25,1821-April 12,1912) was a pioneer nurse who founded the American red Cross. In addition to being nurse, she worked as a teacher,patent clerk, and humanitarian. At one time when relatively few women worked outside the home,Barton built a career helping others. She never married, as she knew the restrictions of a married women at the time, but had a relationship with john Elwell. During the end of the American Civil War, Barton worked at a hospital she made helping people at Anderson Prison Camp where 13,000 people died.
Clarissa Harlowe "Clara" Barton
George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826- October 29,1885) was a major general during the American Civil War and the Democratic presidential nominee in 1864, who later served as governor of New Jersey. He organized the famous army of Potomac and served briefly( November 1861 to March 1862) as the general- in -chief of the Union Army. Early in the war,McClellen played an important role in raising well-trained organized army for the union. Although McClellen was meticulous in his planning preparations, these characteristics may have hampered his ability to challenge aggressive opponents in a fast-moving battlefield environment. He chronically overestimated strength of enemy units and was reluctant to apply principle of mass, frequently leaving large portions of his army unengaged at decisive points.
George Brinton McClellen
John Wilkes Booth (May 10, 1838-April 26, 1865) was an american stage actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln in Ford's Theater, in Washington, D.C, on April 14, 1865. Booth was a member of the prominent 19th century Booth the atrial family from Maryland and, by the 1860s was a well-known actor. He was also a Confederate sympathizer, Vehement in his denunciation of Lincoln, and strongly opposed the abolitionist of slavery in the United States.
John Wilkes Booth
William Sherman (February 8, 1820-February 14,1891) was an american soldier,businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War, for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" polocies that he implemented in conducting total war against the confederate states.
William Tecumseh Sherman
This picture shows a casual style of the civil war.
Most often in the civil war food was hard to find so food variety was limited. So soldiers diets often consisted of pork beans and a lot of beer.
Breakfast-corn bread,cold bread,stew, and boiled eggs,and coffee. The stew often contained leftovers from dinner the night before
Lunch-Often just crackers and coffee or what ever type of dried meat they had.
Dinner-Soup,cold joint,calves'head and vegetables.
For women often simple dresses made of cotton that came down to the ground almost always long-sleeved.
Men often wore a type of leather or strong material,to make tears easier to repair and harder to create.
South- The fashion of the south is most like the north in many ways but for the south a little more Victorian. Women wore long dresses that showed little to no skin. Men wore a strong material that could last for a long time and hold up well as sewing machines and thread were expenses.