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This is my end of the year project for social studies. I HOPE YOU LOVE IT!!!!!!!!!

Ibbs garrison

on 16 May 2013

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Transcript of Germany

GERMANY BY: LIBBY GARRISON Economy Government Type of Government Chief executive How German Government is organized Transportation Continued Technology Transportation Natural Resources Climate Major landforms GEOGRAPHY Germany is a temperate marine climate. The people of Germany usually experience a cool temperature throughout the year. Most day's are wet and cloudy with a rare gust of warm wind from the nearby mountain ranges. Because of this weather Germany's biggest natural disaster is flooding. Terrain: The terrain of Germany (in my opinion)
is very unique and beautiful. For instance we have
the northern half of Germany. The Northern half of
Germany is very flat with many lowlands. This makes for great farm land. Next we have our southern half of Germany. In the southern half of Germany there are lot's of rocky mountain ranges for example the Bavarian alps. Finally there is the middle portion of Germany where you will encounter once again the more rounder less flat terrain. Like all countries, Germany has many landforms
and landmasses that effect the way people live.
Here are a list of the major landforms that are found
in Germany
The Northern European Plain
the northern european plain stretches across a large chunk of Germany. Along the northern european plain there are many bogs, rivers, and streams. This makes an essential place for farming. It is located in the northern part of Germany.
The Bavarian Alps
This mountain range is a very popular and important place in Germany. The mountains provide not only a fun place to hike, and ski,but it also provides important petroleum and lignite mines. Germany is home to many valuable natural resources that people use for energy everyday. Here is a list of basically ever natural resource found in Germany: Coal, Lignite,Timber,Copper, Nickel, Uranium, Potash, Salt, Natural Gas, Iron Ore, Arable Land, and Construction Material. Most of these resources are used to make machinery or to burn for factories and energy. Germany's greatest technological strength is in the automobile industry. While further information is needed, Germany's nanotechnology(procisely locating atoms and molecules) materials will sooner or later appear in cars. Technology in nuclear energy has also grown throughout the years. While other nuclear power plants cause terrible disasters, Germany's power plants are said to be safer and less risky. Now everyone knows things were invented somehow and somewhere ,so here are a few things invented in Germany. The x-ray: used at hospitals, MP3 players, Jet engines, tape recorders, and prosthetic legs: metallic legs for people who's leg was amputated. Germany's technology and science have been
important for the growth of jobs and the upgrading of weapons. The numbers for the Bundeslander, Landesstrabe, and straatsstrabe roads contain"L", "S", and "ST". Now that we've talked about the roads, let's talk more about what drives on them. Some major car companies in Germany include,Volkswagen,Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, and Porsche. The Bugatti is the fastest car in the world. It goes at a speed of 431.072 kilometers per hour. But it is illegal in the United States. Germany also has subway systems and regular trains. One of the most popular train systems is the Inter City Express ( ICE). The ICE is a very high-speed train that you can find throughout Germany. It provides fantastic services and it welcomes many people aboard. Germany is actually said to have a very similar government as we do here in America. Germany's government is called a federal republic. There are a few differences between the two governments though. I will get into further detail on the differences and how the government runs later, but right now you might have a few questions on what a federal republic is. A federal republic is a government system in which the leaders of the country have limited power. The country is also cut into groups where the citizens vote on government representatives. As I have said before America's government and Germany's government are very similar. In Germany's government the leader is a president. The recent president of Germany is Joachim Gauck. Joachim Gauck was born in January24, 1940. He has been president since January18, 2012. However there is also a chancellor of Germany who is also in charge of some decisions. Unlike Joachim Gauck, Angela Merkel (The chancellor) is in charge of the executive branch. This means she is a very very powerful woman with lots of important responsibilities. A new chancellor will be chosen after Angela Merkels four year term is up. But the very important Bundestag may choose to keep her in the position for a longer time. Germany's government system is laid out in their constitution.The constitution mentions the protection of human rights and individual liberty. Like America,Germany is split up into states. Of course Germany does not call them states. Instead they (the states) are referred to as Länder. There are a total of 16 Länder. The government system is broken into state law, local law, and federal law. these systems are also broken into judicial, legislative, and executive branches. Terrain Major Landforms Continued (Also known as Schwarzwald) The black forest is called "The Black Forest" because of the dark shades of brown on the trees. Surprisingly the black forest is home to many farms that include large farm houses and dairy cows. The black forest is also a place where many celebrations are held. There is even a german cake named after it.
The Baltic Sea
the Baltic sea is a very important part of transportation. this is because the canal that connects the northern sea and the Baltic sea. The canal makes it easier to transport goods to and from other countries The Black Forest Location, and Size Germany is obviously located in the continent Europe. The coordinates of Germany are exactly 51 degrees North, and 9 degrees East.Surprisingly however Germany is a pretty tiny country. It is a tad bit smaller than our state Minnesota. Germany is 348,672 km of land and 8,350 kilometers of water. Bordering countries and the capitol. Like ALL countries Germany has a capitol. The capitol of Germany is Berlin! Austria, Belgium,Czech Republic, Denmark, France,Luxembourg,
The Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland are all bordering countries of Germany. Environmental Issues As I will explain later, Germany burns nonrenewable resources for energy. Because of this air pollution is an on growing problem. Some citizens of Germany have also been dumping raw wastes and sewage in the Baltic sea causing water pollution. MAP Transportation is a very important factor in everyone's life. But not every country has the same idea of how to get around. For example some of Germany's motor way's do not have a speed limit's. But of course some speeds are limited in the more dangerous areas. Germany also has a very memorable road naming system. National roads are referred to as Bundesstraben which means federal road.A bundesstraben is often called "B" because of it's road name. The most important roads have a lower number than the rest. Odd numbers are given to roads that run through the eastern and western parts of Germany. Bypass roads are given an extra "A" or "N" to their number.Other well known roads in Germany are the Bundeslander's or regional roads, Landesstrabes or country roads, and the straatsstrabe's or state roads. Exports Germany is the number four exporter of automobiles in the world. In 2009 Germany exported about 5.2 MILLION cars. Besides cars Germany also exports Machinery, Chemicals, Metals, Foodstuffs, and Textiles. Germany's export partners include the US, France, China, The Netherlands, The UK, Italy, and Austria. Currency and Conversion Rates The money in Germany is referred to as Euro. The symbol looks like this €. Euro is broken up into €5, €10, €20 , €50, €100, €200, and €500. You can still have more or less Euro those are just the more conman Euro available. €1 is equivalent to $1.35 in America. Developing vs. Developed Germany's economy is already well developed. Germany is actually the most powerful national government in Europe rite know. This is because it's infrastructure. Infrastructure's are the important things that determine the economical success's of a country. These thing's include good's, services, exports, hospital's, and the military. If a country has these important physical qualities than their economy will be just fine.......for now. Germany's economy is known for it's powerful economy in Europe and it is famous for exporting millions of cars. The flag of Germany has three horizontal lines. The color's of these lines are Gold, Red, And Black. The gold is a symbol of Generosity or kindness. The red is a symbol of bravery, strength, and valor. And the black is a symbol of determination. The Flag National Song/Anthem The national anthem of Germany is called Deutschlandlied or Das Lied der Deutschen. Deutschlandlied has been known as the anthem of Germany since 1922. The music of the anthem was written in 1797 for the birthday of the emperor of Austria. The lyrics were later created by August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben in the year of 1841. National Animal, Bird, And Flower The national animal of Germany is the black eagle which appears in the flag. The national bird of Germany is the white stork, and the national flower is the cornflower. Culture Ethnic groups Germany is know as the third largest migratory country in the world. This means that a lot of people move to Germany from other countries. A total of 16 million people are foreign to Germany. Although the number of immigrants in Germany is a pretty large number, that doesn't mean that all of the immigrants become citizens. Because of this 91.5% of Germany is well... German. The other percent is made up of Turkish and other people. The Turkish making up 2.4% of the population and the other people making up about 6.1% of the population. The other people who migrate to Germany are usually Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, or Spanish Total population, Birth Rate and Death Rate. The total population of Germany is a very high number of 81,147,265. That may not seem like a very large number to you but considering Germany is the size of Minnesota it's got to be at least a tad bit large to them. The birth rate in Germany is 8.37 births per 1,000 people. The death rate however is 11.17 deaths per 1,000 people. (the 1,000 people thing is the population) Religions and beliefs Like some countries Germany has the ability to choose the beliefs and religions they follow. Here are the religions usually practiced in Germany. Protestant, Roman Catholic, and Muslim. Protestant is followed by 34% of the population, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslims earning 3.7%, and the rest of the population (28.3%) either follows an unfamiliar religion or the people simply do not go to church Language The official language of Germany is Surprise Surprise German. German dialect is used by a whopping 95% of the population. The rest of the country dialect is a jumble of many languages such as turkish, dutch, italian, Russian, and so on and so on. Literacy Rates The average people of Germany are able to read and write by ages 15 and up ( based on literacy rates). 99% of the population can read and write. 99% of males can read and write. Most of the females can read and write with a percentage of 99%. Examples of Culture Culture continued and extra facts Traditional music: The schnitzelbank song is a traditional song sung for entertainment purposes. My grandma has it hanging in her house and she has taught me a few words. Popular dog breeds: The German Shepherd, The affen Pinscher, the Doberman Pinscher, and the miniature pinscher are all cute and cuddly pups from Germany. I have a miniature Pinscher and his name is Buddy. Traditional clothing: The clothing in Germany usually depended on your origins and what kind of person you were. The women of Austrian decent or german decent would wear a garment called a dirndl. A dirndl was a type of dress with ropes stringing through it. The men of german decent would wear lederhosen. Cuisine: Germany is well known for it's array of different breads. German's love bread so much that it is often eaten for breakfast. One of the most famous german dishes involving bread is the Brez'n. The Brez'n is like a soft pretzel but alot softer and warmer. When the Brez'n is eaten with butter it is called a Butterbrez'n. History 57 BC: Julius Ceaser invades the german region which now becomes the german inferior.
9 AD: The battle of saxony
800 AD-1000: Charlemagne becomes emperor
1370: Treaty signed to end the war between the Danes and the Hanseatic League
1618-1648: The thirty year war causes major population loss in Germany
1804-1815: Napoleon causes war to begin
1813: The battle of the nations begins
1816: democratic party is created
1934: The death of the german president causes Hitler to take charge.
1938: Austria was taken over by Germany causing Jewish buisnesses to halt.
1942-1945: 6 million jews were killed
1945-1989 Germany was split during ww2
1991: Berlin becomes the capitol
2006: Fifa world cup
2012: Financial crisis what Germany's economy is known for Pull out your notes because it's test time!! Question #1 What is the capitol of Germany? A. Frankfurt
B. Bavaria
C. Berlin
D. I really don't know Question #2 What is german money called? A. cents
B. Shillings
C. Pounds
D. Euro Question #3 What is the national bird? A. The white stork
B. The Eagle
C. The Raven
D. The Crow Question #4 Name one thing Germany Exports. Question #5 Germany is as small as this state A. Missouri
B. Michigan
C. Minnesota
D. California Any Questions? Citations Downing-Cantwell, Stephenie. "Landforms." World Atlas. woolwine-moem group, 28 Apr 13. Web. 28 Apr 2013 Hoiberg, Dale, ed. "Bavarian Alps." Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica, 29 Apr 13. Web. 29 Apr 2013. Molon, Alfred. "04 Bavarian alps with the zugspitze." Molon. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr 2013. Being, Unknown. "Introducing Black Forest." Lonely Planet. Lonley Planet, 17 february 09. Web. 29 Apr 2013 College, Northern Lights. "Technology in Germany." KAMPUS LANDING. Kampus Landing, 8 april 13. Web. 1 May 2013

Burbs, Philly. Weird Crime Wednesday: Getting A Leg Up In The Fight. 2012. Photograph. Rambling Beach Cat, Gastonia. Web. 1 May 2013 Citations Continued "German'ys top ten technology inventions." THE LOCAL German'ys New's In English. THE LOCAL , 9 Sep 2011. Web. 1 May 2013 anyone who, wants to, ed. Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 17 Apr 2013. Web. 1 May 2013. unknown, person. "Germany Exports, Imorts, and Trade." Economy Watch. Economy Watch, 2 May 2013. Web. 2 May 2013 Ireland, Kerry . "Currency and exchange rates in Germany." B&B Network Germany. European Central Bank, 2 May 2013. Web. 2 May 2013.

"Federal President Joachim Gauck." Der Bundesprasident. Der Bundesprasident. Web. 2 May 2013. "The Flag of Germany-Description of the German Flag." Vexiology Matters. Vexiology, 1 Jul 2012. Web. 5 May 2013. More Citations

"The Flag of Germany-Description of the German Flag." Vexiology Matters. Vexiology, 1 Jul 2012. Web. 5 May 2013

Baccus, Don. Golden eagle photo. 2012. Photograph. Hanging Rock Tower, Monroe. Web. 5 May 2013.

, ed. "Traditional Clothing of Germany." Buzzle. Google, 6 May 2013. Web. 6 May 2013

Traditional clothing of Men. 2010. Photograph. Classic German CultureWeb. 6 May 2013. Bohrer, Isabel. "Top Ten German Foods." Gomad Nomad Travel Mag. N.p., 21 Apr 2011. Web. 6 May 2013. Martin, James. Germany-Map of Regions (states). 2003. Photograph. AnswersWeb. 6 May 2013. ANSWER KEY Question #1: C Berlin Question #2: D Euro
Question #3: A The White Stork
Question #4: Cars, Machinery, chemicals, foodstuffs, metals, or textiles would have worked
Question #5: C Minnesota Legislative Branch In Germany the Legislative branch is considered the most important. The legislative branch is made up into two body's called the Bundestag and Bundestrat parliaments. The Bundestag is part of the constitutional legislative system. The leader of the Bundestag is Norbert Lammert. Norbert Lammert is not the only one in charge of the Bundestag. There are also representatives that help make decisions. These representatives stay in office for four years if not more. The members of the Bundestag parliament meet in the Reichstag building in the capitol Berlin.The other body/parliament Bundestrat is somewhat different than the Bundestag body/parliament. The Bundestrat body represents the 16 Länder. This means that all laws that include the 16 states of Germany must be approved by the permisson of the Bundestrat body. Winfried Kretshmann Greens is the president of the Bundestrat. The delegates ( other people involved with decision making) are voted on by the state. The delegates and the president also meet in Berlin. But instead of the Reichstag building the delegates meet in the Prussian House of Lords. The judicial branch of Germany is of course involved with courts and judges. The highest well know ordinary court is the Federal Court of Justice of Germany. This court faces criminal and civil cases. Another very important court is the Federal Constitutional Court. This court is in charge of crimes that involve the breaking of the constitution. The judges of these courts and maybe others are elected by half of the Bundestag and half of the Bundestrat parliaments. Judicial Branch
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